Provided by: svn-buildpackage_0.8.4_all bug


       svn-buildpackage - build Debian packages from SVN repository


       svn-buildpackage [[ OPTIONS... ] [ OPTIONS for dpkg-buildpackage ]]


       Builds a Debian package from a Subversion repository. The source code
       repository must be in the format created by svn-inject, and this script
       must be executed from the working directory (trunk/package).

       By default, the working directory is used as the main source directory
       (assuming the whole upstream source is being stored in the repository).
       The alternative is so called "merge mode". With this method, only the
       debian directory (and maybe some other modified files) are stored in
       the repository. At build time, the contents of the svn trunk are copied
       to the extracted tarball contents (and can overwrite parts of it). To
       choose this working model, set the svn property mergeWithUpstream on
       the debian directory

           $ svn propset mergeWithUpstream 1 debian

       mergeWithUpstream requires that the build system can prepare a tarball,
       typically using make dist and autotools. All upstream packages will
       have some form of tarball creation support and native packages that use
       autotools or which have internal tarball support can use
       mergeWithUpstream to handle generated files that are needed to build
       the package but are not present in SVN. See the HOWTO guide for
       examples of how this can be done. Native packages that do not use
       autotools and do not have internal tarball support can still add
       generated files to the source package tarball using the useNativeDist
       make target in the top level Makefile. This custom target must be
       idempotent and only modify / generate the desired files using only the
       exported SVN source and build dependencies. To allow svn-buildpackage
       to use an make native-dist target in your top level Makefile, set the
       useNativeDist property on the ./debian/ directory:

           $ svn propset useNativeDist 1 debian

       The default behaviour of svn-buildpackage is as follows:

       Check the working directory, complain on uncommited files (also see

       Copy the orig tarball to the build area if necessary (also see

       Extract the tarball (in merge mode) or export the svn work directory to
       the build directory (also see below and --svn-no-links)

       Build with dpkg-buildpackage (also see --svn-builder, --svn-lintian,

       Create a changelog entry for the future version


       svn-buildpackage accepts the following options on the command-line:

           Specifies alternative build command instead of dpkg-buildpackage,
           eg.  debuild, pdebuild, etc. Every parameter that svn-buildpackage
           doesn't know (--svn-*) is passed to COMMAND. There is no difference
           between the command line and config file parameters . They are used
           at the same time.

           WARNING: shell quotation rules do not completely apply here, better
           use wrappers for complex constructs. Using this option may break
           --svn-lintian and --svn-move functionality. Some functions may be
           disabled when a custom build command is used because the output
           file location is not predictable.

           Default: use dpkg-buildpackage.

       --svn-ignore-new | --svn-ignore
           Don't stop on svn conflicts or new/changed files. To set this
           behaviour for single files set the deb:ignoreM property to 1 on
           them. Also see documentation of the svn:ignore property in the SVN

           Default: Stop on conflicts or new/changed files.

           Don't run debian/rules clean.

           Default: clean first

           Don't use file links but try to export or do hard copies of the
           working directory. This is useful if your package fails to build
           because some files, empty directories, broken links, ... cannot not
           be transported with in the default link-copy mode.

           Default: use links where possible.

           Don't remove the build directory when the build is done.

           Default: remove after successful build.

           If possible, reuse an existing build directory in subsequent
           builds. The build directory is not purged after the build, it is
           not renamed when a build starts and the files are just copied over
           into it. Useful in mergeWithUpstream mode with large packages.

           Default: build directory is removed.

           If a previous build directory is found, remove it before building
           instead of renaming it. if --svn-reuse is also given in the same
           line, the reuse behaviour occurs.

           Default: rename old directories with a 'obsolete' suffix.

           Just export the working directory and do necessary code merge
           operations, then exit.

           Default: Off.

           Final build: Tag, export, build cleanly & make new changelog entry.

           Default: Off.

       --svn-tag-only | --svn-only-tag
           Don't build the package, do only the tag copy.

           Default: Off.

           If an existing target directory has been found while trying to
           create the tag copy, remove the target directory first.

           Default: Off.

           No new Debian changelog entry is added automatically.

           Default: A new UNRELEASED changelog entry is set via dch.

           Run lintian on the resulting changes file when done.

           Default: Off.

           When done, move the created files (as listed in .changes) to the
           parent directory, relative to the one where svn-buildpackage was

           Default: Off.

           Specifies the target directory to which to move the generated

           Default: Off. (Files are left where the build command puts them.)

           Overrides the detected package name. Use with caution since it
           could be set too late during the processing (eg. still have the old
           value when expanding shell variables).

           Default: Off.

           Allows specifying the build architecture (e.g. i386 build on an
           amd64 machine).

           Default: Off.

           Overrides any config variable that has been autodetected or found
           in .svn/deb-layout.

           Default: Off.

       --svn-prebuild | --svn-postbuild | --svn-pretag | --svn-posttag
           Commands (hooks) to be executed before/after the build/tag command
           invocations, e.g. to download the orig tarballs from the archive.
           Shell code can be emdded here though it is not recommended. Various
           helping variables are available in the environment, see ENVIRONMENT
           VARIABLES below for detailed explanation.

           Please note that the prebuild and postbuild hooks replace the
           normal prebuild and postbuild actions of svn-buildpackage. For
           prebuild, this means that the build dependencies will not be
           checked. For postbuild, this means that the resulting files won't
           be moved, and lintian will not be run.

           Defaults: Off.

           With this parameter svn-buildpackage will not interact with the

           Default: Off.

           By default, svn-buildpackage used to create .svn/deb-layout on
           every invocation. Since version 0.6.22 this behaviour is

           With this parameter svn-buildpackage will (partly) replicate the
           old behaviour. In contrast to the deprecated behaviour, the
           .svn/deb-layout is regarded as a local override; the old behaviour
           simply ignored any versioned layout information if it found

           This option was provided since it can be useful when creating a
           local override file.

           Default: Off.

           This option makes svn-buildpackage try to download the upstream
           tarball using apt and uscan.

           Default: Off.

           More verbose program output.

           Default: Off.

       -h | --help
           Show the help message.


       For more detailed information on how to use svn-buildpackage, see the

       To start working with existing native Debian package from a *.dsc file,
       import it into the repository with command:

           svn-inject package_0.1.dsc svn://host/debian/devel/packages

       To start working with existing upstream package in Debian from a *.dsc
       file, import it into the repository with command:

           svn-inject -o package_0.1-2.dsc svn://host/debian/devel/packages

       Before building an upstream package, ensure the original source is
       available, e.g. if uscan is working:

           svn mkdir ../tarballs
           svn propset svn:ignore "*" ../tarballs
           uscan --force-download --destdir ../tarballs

       To test building the package from Subversion repository, use command
       below. Refer to dpkg-buildpackage(1) manual page for the -us etc.

           svn-buildpackage --svn-lintian -us -uc -rfakeroot

       To check that package build in a clean state, test it with pbuilder(1):

           svn mkdir ../build-area  # To store results
           svn propset svn:ignore "*" ../build-area
           svn-buildpackage --svn-ignore-new --svn-builder=pdebuild

       When a new upstream release becomes available, commit all changes and
       have the working tree in clean state. Then use svn-upgrade(1) to import
       the new release:

           svn status   # Check that there are no uncommited changes
           svn-upgrade --verbose ../package-2.0.tar.gz


       svn-buildpackage's behaviour can be modified using the file
       ~/.svn-buildpackage.conf. Additional parts can be added in each package
       working directory using the file .svn/svn-buildpackage.conf. It is
       essentially a list of the long command line options (without leading
       minus signs), one argument per line (without quotes surrounding
       multi-word arguments). The variables are expanded with the system shell
       if shell variables are found there. Avoid ~ sign because of unreliable
       expansion: it is better to use $HOME instead. Example:

           svn-builder=debuild -EPATH
           # svn-ignore-new


       By default, svn-buildpackage expects a configuration file with path/url
       declaration, .svn/deb-layout. The values there can be overridden with
       the --svn-override option, see above. If a config file could not be
       found, the settings are autodetected following the usual assumptions
       about local directories and repository layout. In addition, the
       contents of a custom file debian/svn-deblayout will be imported during
       the initial configuration. Package maintainers can store this file in
       the repository to pass correct defaults to new svn-buildpackage users.
       The format is the same as in the file .svn/deb-layout. As an
       alternative to the debian/svn-deblayout file, maintainers can set
       Subversion properties for the debian/ directory; any properties of
       debian/ which have a name of the form svn-bp:PROP will be the source of
       a PROP setting which has the value indicated by the first line of the
       property value. If a full svn URL is not given, the repository root
       will be prepended to this value.


       The following environment variables are exported by svn-buildpackage
       and can be used in hook commands or the package build system.

       PACKAGE, package
           The source package name.

           Version of svn-buildpackage.

       TAG_VERSION, debian_version
           The complete Debian version string, also used for the tag copy.

           Same as debian_version but without any epoch strings.

           Same as debian_version but without Debian extensions

           Guessed upstream source package name in the pool, something like

           (experimental) shows the location of generated diff file

       All the layout properties are exported to the environment, too. The
       following ones have meaning to svn-buildpackage.

           the location of build area directory

           the URL of the trunk directory for the current package.

           the URL of the tags base directory for the current package.

           the local directory where the orig tarball should be located.

           the URL from where the orig tarball for the current package can be
           pulled from.

       The following variables are understood by svn-buildpackage:

           Ignore the signs of an incomplete changelog and tag the repository

           Export upstream source from the repository even if
           mergeWithUpstream property is set.

           If DEBIAN_FRONTEND is set to 'noninteractive' --svn-noninteractive
           is called silently.


       Use shell aliases. Here are some examples for Bash:

           alias svn-b="svn-buildpackage -us -uc -rfakeroot --svn-ignore"
           alias svn-br="svn-b --svn-dont-purge --svn-reuse"
           alias svn-bt="svn-buildpackage --svn-tag -rfakeroot"

       Those commands have respective meanings: build regardless of new or
       changed files; build regardless of new or changed files and reuse the
       build directory; build (for upload) and tag.

       SSH is the easiest way to access remote repositories, although it
       usually requires entering a password more frequently with
       svn-buildpackage. Workarounds include using an ssh key without a
       passphrase (although this is insecure and still relatively slow), or
       the SSH connection caching feature present in recent versions of SSH.
       For details, see the svn-buildpackage manual.

       Another way to get a remote link is using the Subversion DAV module
       (with SSL and Apache user authentication), see the svn-buildpackage
       HOWTO manual for details.


           The svn-buildpackage HOWTO manual

           puts a Debian source package into Subversion repository

           upgrade source package from a new upstream revision

           Subversion command line client tool

           Debian source package tools

           Debian package checker


       Eduard Bloch
           This manual page was written by Eduard Bloch in roff.

       Goneri Le Bouder
           Converted manpages to SGML.

       Neil Williams
           Converted manpages to DocBook XML and current Debian maintainer


       Copyright © 2009 Eduard Bloch