Provided by: libtiff-tools_3.9.5-2ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       tiffcp - copy (and possibly convert) a TIFF file

SYNOPSIS

       tiffcp [ options ] src1.tif ... srcN.tif dst.tif

DESCRIPTION

       tiffcp combines one or more files created according to the Tag Image File Format, Revision
       6.0 into a single TIFF file.  Because the output file may be compressed using a  different
       algorithm  than  the  input  files, tiffcp is most often used to convert between different
       compression schemes.

       By default, tiffcp will copy all the understood tags in a TIFF directory of an input  file
       to the associated directory in the output file.

       tiffcp  can be used to reorganize the storage characteristics of data in a file, but it is
       explicitly intended to not alter or convert the image data content in any way.

OPTIONS

       -b image
              subtract the following monochrome image from all others  processed.   This  can  be
              used  to remove a noise bias from a set of images.  This bias image is typically an
              image of noise the camera saw with its shutter closed.

       -B     Force output to be written with Big-Endian byte order.  This  option  only  has  an
              effect  when  the output file is created or overwritten and not when it is appended
              to.

       -C     Suppress the use of ``strip chopping'' when  reading  images  that  have  a  single
              strip/tile of uncompressed data.

       -c     Specify  the  compression  to  use for data written to the output file: none for no
              compression,  packbits  for  PackBits  compression,  lzw  for  Lempel-Ziv  &  Welch
              compression,  jpeg  for  baseline JPEG compression, zip for Deflate compression, g3
              for CCITT Group 3 (T.4) compression, and g4 for CCITT Group  4  (T.6)  compression.
              By  default tiffcp will compress data according to the value of the Compression tag
              found in the source file.

              The CCITT Group 3 and Group 4 compression algorithms can only be used with  bilevel
              data.

              Group 3 compression can be specified together with several T.4-specific options: 1d
              for 1-dimensional encoding, 2d for 2-dimensional encoding, and fill to  force  each
              encoded  scanline to be zero-filled so that the terminating EOL code lies on a byte
              boundary.  Group 3-specific options are specified by  appending  a  ``:''-separated
              list  to  the  ``g3'' option; e.g.  -c g3:2d:fill to get 2D-encoded data with byte-
              aligned EOL codes.

              LZW compression can be specified together with  a  predictor  value.   A  predictor
              value  of  2  causes  each  scanline  of  the  output  image  to undergo horizontal
              differencing before it is encoded; a value of 1 forces each scanline to be  encoded
              without   differencing.    LZW-specific   options  are  specified  by  appending  a
              ``:''-separated list to the ``lzw'' option; e.g.  -c lzw:2 for LZW compression with
              horizontal differencing.

       -f     Specify  the bit fill order to use in writing output data.  By default, tiffcp will
              create a new file with the same fill order as the original.  Specifying -f  lsb2msb
              will  force  data  to  be  written  with the FillOrder tag set to LSB2MSB, while -f
              msb2lsb will force data to be written with the FillOrder tag set to MSB2LSB.

       -i     Ignore non-fatal read errors and continue processing of the input file.

       -l     Specify the length of a  tile  (in  pixels).   tiffcp  attempts  to  set  the  tile
              dimensions so that no more than 8 kilobytes of data appear in a tile.

       -L     Force  output to be written with Little-Endian byte order.  This option only has an
              effect when the output file is created or overwritten and not when it  is  appended
              to.

       -M     Suppress the use of memory-mapped files when reading images.

       -p     Specify  the  planar  configuration to use in writing image data that has one 8-bit
              sample per pixel.  By default, tiffcp will create a new file with the  same  planar
              configuration  as the original.  Specifying -p contig will force data to be written
              with multi-sample data packed together, while -p separate will force samples to  be
              written in separate planes.

       -r     Specify  the number of rows (scanlines) in each strip of data written to the output
              file.  By default (or when value 0  is  specified),  tiffcp  attempts  to  set  the
              rows/strip  that no more than 8 kilobytes of data appear in a strip. If you specify
              special value -1 it will results in infinite number of  the  rows  per  strip.  The
              entire image will be the one strip in that case.

       -s     Force  the  output  file  to  be written with data organized in strips (rather than
              tiles).

       -t     Force the output file to be written with  data  organized  in  tiles  (rather  than
              strips).  options  can be used to force the resultant image to be written as strips
              or tiles of data, respectively.

       -w     Specify the width of  a  tile  (in  pixels).   tiffcp  attempts  to  set  the  tile
              dimensions  so  that  no  more  than  8 kilobytes of data appear in a tile.  tiffcp
              attempts to set the tile dimensions so that no more than 8 kilobytes of data appear
              in a tile.

       -x     Force the output file to be written with PAGENUMBER value in sequence.

       -,=character
              substitute  character for `,' in parsing image directory indices in files.  This is
              necessary if filenames contain commas.  Note that -,= with  whitespace  immediately
              following will disable the special meaning of the `,' entirely.  See examples.

EXAMPLES

       The following concatenates two files and writes the result using LZW encoding:
              tiffcp -c lzw a.tif b.tif result.tif

       To  convert  a G3 1d-encoded TIFF to a single strip of G4-encoded data the following might
       be used:
              tiffcp -c g4 -r 10000 g3.tif g4.tif
       (1000 is just a number that is larger than the number of rows in the source file.)

       To extract a selected set of images from a multi-image TIFF file, the  file  name  may  be
       immediately  followed by a `,' separated list of image directory indices.  The first image
       is always in  directory  0.   Thus,  to  copy  the  1st  and  3rd  images  of  image  file
       ``album.tif'' to ``result.tif'':
              tiffcp album.tif,0,2 result.tif

       A  trailing  comma  denotes remaining images in sequence.  The following command will copy
       all image with except the first one:
              tiffcp album.tif,1, result.tif

       Given file ``CCD.tif'' whose first image is a noise bias followed by images which  include
       that  bias,  subtract  the  noise from all those images following it (while decompressing)
       with the command:
              tiffcp -c none -b CCD.tif CCD.tif,1, result.tif

       If the file above were named ``CCD,X.tif'', the -,= option would be required to  correctly
       parse this filename with image numbers, as follows:
              tiffcp -c none -,=% -b CCD,X.tif CCD,X%1%.tif result.tif

SEE ALSO

       pal2rgb(1), tiffinfo(1), tiffcmp(1), tiffmedian(1), tiffsplit(1), libtiff(3TIFF)

       Libtiff library home page: http://www.remotesensing.org/libtiff/