Provided by: tree_1.5.3-2_i386 bug


       tree - list contents of directories in a tree-like format.


       tree  [-adfghilnopqrstuvxACDFNS]  [-L  level  [-R]]  [-H  baseHREF] [-T
       title] [-o filename] [--nolinks] [-P pattern] [-I  pattern]  [--inodes]
       [--device] [--noreport] [--dirsfirst] [--version] [--help] [--filelimit
       #] [directory ...]


       Tree is a recursive directory listing program  that  produces  a  depth
       indented  listing  of  files,  which  is colorized ala dircolors if the
       LS_COLORS environment variable is set and output is to  tty.   With  no
       arguments,  tree  lists  the  files  in  the  current  directory.  When
       directory  arguments  are  given,  tree  lists  all  the  files  and/or
       directories  found  in  the  given  directories  each  in  turn.   Upon
       completion of listing all files/directories  found,  tree  returns  the
       total number of files and/or directories listed.

       By  default,  when  a  symbolic  link is encountered, the path that the
       symbolic link refers to is printed after the name of the  link  in  the

           name -> real-path

       If  the  `-l' option is given and the symbolic link refers to an actual
       directory, then tree will follow the path of the symbolic link as if it
       were a real directory.


       Tree understands the following command line switches:

       --help Outputs a verbose usage listing.

              Outputs the version of tree.

       -a     All  files  are  printed.  By default tree does not print hidden
              files (those beginning with a dot `.').  In no event  does  tree
              print  the  file  system  constructs `.' (current directory) and
              `..' (previous directory).

       -d     List directories only.

       -f     Prints the full path prefix for each file.

       -i     Makes tree not print the indentation lines, useful when used  in
              conjunction with the -f option.

       -l     Follows  symbolic links if they point to directories, as if they
              were directories. Symbolic links that will result  in  recursion
              are avoided when detected.

       -x     Stay on the current file-system only.  Ala find -xdev.

       -P pattern
              List  only  those files that match the wild-card pattern.  Note:
              you must  use  the  -a  option  to  also  consider  those  files
              beginning with a dot `.' for matching.  Valid wildcard operators
              are  `*'  (any  zero  or  more  characters),  `?'  (any   single
              character),   `[...]'   (any  single  character  listed  between
              brackets (optional - (dash) for character range may be used: ex:
              [A-Z]),  and  `[^...]'  (any  single  character  not  listed  in
              brackets) and `|' separates alternate patterns.

       -I pattern
              Do not list those files that match the wild-card pattern.

              Omits printing of the file and directory report at  the  end  of
              the tree listing.

       -p     Print  the  file  type  and permissions for each file (as per ls

       -s     Print the size of each file in bytes along with the name.

       -h     Print the size of each file but in a more  human  readable  way,
              e.g.  appending  a size letter for kilobytes (K), megabytes (M),
              gigabytes (G), terrabytes (T), petabytes (P) and exabytes (E).

       -u     Print the username, or UID # if no username is available, of the

       -g     Print the group name, or GID # if no group name is available, of
              the file.

       -D     Print the date of  the  last  modification  time  for  the  file

              Prints the inode number of the file or directory

              Prints the device number to which the file or directory belongs

       -F     Append  a `/' for directories, a `=' for socket files, a `*' for
              executable files and a `|' for FIFO's, as per ls -F

       -q     Print non-printable characters in filenames  as  question  marks
              instead of the default caret notation.

       -N     Print  non-printable  characters  as  is  instead of the default
              carrot notation.

       -v     Sort the output by version.

       -r     Sort the output in reverse alphabetic order.

       -t     Sort  the  output  by  last   modification   time   instead   of

              List directories before files.

       -n     Turn colorization off always, over-ridden by the -C option.

       -C     Turn  colorization  on  always, using built-in color defaults if
              the LS_COLORS  environment  variable  is  not  set.   Useful  to
              colorize output to a pipe.

       -A     Turn  on  ANSI  line graphics hack when printing the indentation

       -S     Turn on ASCII line graphics (useful  when  using  linux  console
              mode fonts). This option is now equivalent to `--charset=IBM437'
              and will eventually be depreciated.

       -L level
              Max display depth of the directory tree.

       --filelimit #
              Do not descend directories that contain more than # entries.

       -R     Recursively cross down the tree each level directories  (see  -L
              option),  and  at  each  of  them  execute tree again adding `-o
              00Tree.html' as a new option.

       -H baseHREF
              Turn on HTML output, including HTTP references. Useful  for  ftp
              sites.   baseHREF  gives  the  base ftp location when using HTML
              output. That is, the local directory  may  be  `/local/ftp/pub',
              but         it        must        be        referenced        as
              `ftp://hostname.organization.domain/pub'  (baseHREF  should   be
              `ftp://hostname.organization.domain').   Hint:  don't  use  ANSI
              lines with this option, and don't give more than  one  directory
              in  the  directory  list.  If  you  wish  to  use colors via CCS
              stylesheet, use the -C option in  addition  to  this  option  to
              force color output.

       -T title
              Sets the title and H1 header string in HTML output mode.

       --charset charset
              Set  the  character set to use when outputting HTML and for line

              Turns off hyperlinks in HTML output.

       -o filename
              Send output to filename.


       /etc/DIR_COLORS          System color database.
       ~/.dircolors             Users color database.


       LS_COLORS      Color information created by dircolors
       TREE_CHARSET   Character set for tree to use in HTML mode.
       LC_CTYPE       Locale for filename output.


       Steve Baker (
       HTML output hacked by Francesc Rocher (
       Charsets and OS/2 support by Kyosuke Tokoro (


       Tree does not prune "empty" directories when the -P and -I options  are
       used.   Tree  prints  directories  as  it  comes  to  them,  so  cannot
       accumulate information on files and directories beneath  the  directory
       it is printing.

       The  -h  option  rounds  to  the  nearest  whole  number  unlike the ls
       implementation of -h which rounds up always.  The  IEC  standard  names
       for powers of 2 cooresponding to metric powers of 10 (KiBi, et al.) are

       Pruning files and directories with the -I, -P and  --filelimit  options
       will lead to incorrect file/directory count reports.

       Probably more.


       dircolors(1L), ls(1L), find(1L)