Provided by: uudeview_0.5.20-3.2_amd64 bug


       UUDeview - a powerful decoder for binary files


       uudeview [options] [@file] file(s)


       UUDeview  is  a  smart  decoder for attachments that you have received in encoded form via
       electronic mail or from the usenet. It is similar to the standard uudecode(1) command, yet
       with  more comfort and flexibility.  UUDeview supports the uuencoding, xxencoding, Base64,
       yEncoding and BinHex encoding methods, and is able to handle split-files (which have  been
       sent  in  multiple  parts) as well as multiple files at once, thus greatly simplifying the
       decoding process. Usually, you will not have to manually edit files to  prepare  them  for

       After  invoking  uudeview,  it  will  scan all given files for encoded data, sort them and
       their parts and then present you with the list of files that seem like they can be decoded
       properly. You can then pick files individually for decoding.


       -i     Disables  interactivity.  After  scanning the files and sorting everything out, the
              program will not promt you for whether a file shall be decoded or not,  but  batch-
              decodes all available files.  This is the default when reading from standard input.

       -a     Autorename option. If a target file already exists, and this option is given, a dot
              and a unique sequence number is appended to the file name.  I.e.,  foo.gif  becomes
              foo.gif.1 if decoded a second time.

       +a     An  alternative  incarnation  of  autorename.  If  a target file already exists, an
              underscore and a unique sequence number is inserted into the  filename  before  the
              first dot, i.e., foo.gif becomes foo_1.gif.

       -o     Gives  the  OK  to overwrite existing files when decoding. In interactive mode, the
              default is to prompt the user whether to overwrite, rename or skip the  file.  This
              option  takes precedence over -a.  In non-interactive mode (using -f ), the default
              is to overwrite files without asking.

       +o     Says it's not OK to overwrite files. This is useful  in  non-interactive  mode,  so
              that existing files are untouched. This has lesser precedence than -a.

       -c     Autoclear.  Remove  all  input files that were successfully decoded. Use with care!
              UUDeview only checks if any data was decoded from an input file, but does not  care
              about  any  other  contents  of  that  input  file,  or whether a file also held an
              incomplete attachment.

       -p path
              Sets the path where decoded files shall  be  written  to.  This  must  be  a  valid
              pathname,  or  you'll  get  errors  when trying to decode anything. Defaults to the
              current working directory.

       -m     Ignore file mode. Uuencoded and xxencoded files have the original file  permissions
              stored  on  the begin line. Unless this option is given, UUDeview will restore them
              without checking if they are sensible. With this option, the permissions are  reset
              to a default of 0666.

       -z     Enforces  stricter MIME adherance. Normally, the program tries to find encoded data
              even in "text/plain" plaintext parts of MIME  messages.  With  this  option  given,
              UUDeview  will  limit  this  capability,  and will not accept apparently incomplete
              encoded messages (for example,  seemingly  uuencoded  data  without  begin  or  end
              lines).   You can tighten this option even more by using it twice, or by using -z2.
              Then, UUDeview will not check plaintext sections of MIME messages for encoded  data
              at  all  and  behave  fully MIME-compliant.  Neither option affects the behavior on
              non-MIME input files. This option needs a better name, but I'm slowly  running  out
              of option letters.

       -f     Uses fast mode for file scanning. The program assumes that each input file holds at
              most one part, which is usually true for files in  a  news  spool  directory.  This
              option  breaks decoding of input files with multiple articles. Also, certain sanity
              checks are disabled, probably causing erroneous files to be presented for decoding.
              Sometimes  you'll  get  error messages when decoding, sometimes you'll just receive
              invalid files. Don't use -f if you can't live with these problems.

       -r     Ignore reply messages, i.e. all messages whose subject starts with Re:

       -t     Use plaintext messages. Usually, UUDeview only presents encoded data for  decoding.
              Plaintext  messages  are only shown if they have an associated file name. With this
              option set, unnamed text parts from MIME messages and non-encoded messages are also
              offered.  Unnamed  messages  are assigned a unique name in the form of a sequential
              four-digit number.

       -d     Sets the program into desperate mode. It will then offer you to  decode  incomplete
              files.  This  is useful if you are missing the last part of a 50-parts posting, but
              in most cases the desperately-decoded files will simply be  corrupt  and  unusable.
              The degree of usefulness of an incomplete file depends on the file type.

       -b     This  changes  UUDeview's  "bracket policy."  UUDeview looks at a message's subject
              line, and reads numbers in brackets as the part number, as in (3/7), which is  read
              as  the  third  message in a series of seven. By default, numbers in parentheses ()
              are preferred over numbers in brackets []. You can change this using either -b  or,
              for clarity -b[].

       -s     Read  "minus smartness". This option turns off automatic part number detection from
              the subject line. Try this option if UUDeview  fails  to  parse  the  subject  line
              correctly  and  makes  errors  at  guessing  part  numbers,  resulting in incorrect
              ordering of the parts. With this option, parts are always put together sequentially
              (so the parts must be correctly ordered in the input file). Also, with this option,
              the program cannot detect that parts are missing.  Note: The  correct  part  number
              found  in proper MIME files is still evaluated.  If this option is given twice, the
              subject itself is ignored, too, and won't be  used  to  group  parts.  Use  if  the
              messages that the parts come delivered in have different subject lines.

       -q     (Quiet) Disables verbosity. Normally, the program prints some status messages while
              reading the input files, which can be very helpful if something  should  go  wrong.
              Use if these messages disturb you.  Disables progress bars. See -n option.

       -v     (disables  Verbosity)  Disables verbose messages, i.e. notes are not displayed, but
              does not remove warnings and errors. Is not as quiet as the -q (Quiet) option.

       -n     No progress bars. Normally, UUDeview prints ASCII bars crawling up to 100  percent,
              but  does not check if your terminal is capable of displaying them. Use this switch
              if your terminal isn't, or if you find the bars annoying.

       +e exts
              Selects only the files with the given  extensions  for  decoding,  others  will  be
              ignored.   +e  .gif.jpg  would  decode all gif and jpeg files, but not tif or other
              files. The list of extensions works case-insensitive.

       -e exts
              The reverse of the above.

       You will experience unwanted results if you try to mix +e and -e options  on  the  command

              The files to be scanned for encoded files. You can also give a single hyphen ´-´ to
              read from standard input. Any number of files may be given, but there is usually  a
              limitation  of  128  options imposed by the shell. If you are composing the list of
              files with wildcards, make sure you don't accidentally feed the program with binary
              files. This will result in undefined behaviour.

       @file  Makes  UUDeview read further options from the file. Each line of the file must hold
              exactly one option. The file is erased after the program finishes. This feature may
              be  used  to  specify an unlimited number of files to be scanned. Combined with the
              powers of find(1), entire directory trees (like the news spool  directory)  can  be

       Options  may  also  be  set  in  the  $UUDEVIEW environment variable, which is read before
       processing the options on the command line.


       After all input files have been scanned, you are asked for each file what do do  with  it.
       Of  course,  the  usual answer is to decode it, but there are other possibilities. You can
       use the following commands (each command is a single letter):

       d      (D)ecode the file and write the decoded file to disk, with the given name.

       y      (Y)es does the same as (d).

       x      E(x)tract also decodes the file.

       a      Decodes all remaining files without prompting.

       n      Skips this file without decoding it.

       b      Steps back to the previous file.

       r      Rename. You can choose a different name for the file in order to save it under this
              new name.

       p      Set  the  path  where  decoded files shall be written to. This path can also be set
              with the -p command line option.

       i      Displays info about the file, if present. If a  multipart  posting  had  a  zeroeth
              part, it is printed, otherwise the first part up to the encoded data is printed.

       e      Execute  a command. You can enter any arbitrary command, possibly using the current
              file as an argument. All dollar signs '$' in this command line  are  replaced  with
              the  filename  of  the  current  file  (speaking correctly, the name of a temporary
              file). You should not background processes using this temporary file,  as  programs
              might get confused if their input file suddenly disappears.

       l      List  a  file.  Use  this  command  only if you know that the file in question is a
              textfile, otherwise, you'll get a load of junk.

       q      Quits the program immediately.

       ?      Prints a short description of all these commands.

       If you don't enter a command and simply hit return at the  prompt,  the  default  command,
       decoding the file, is used.


       In  verbose  mode  (that is, if you didn't disable verbosity with the -v option), progress
       messages will appear.  They are extremely helpful in tracing what the  program  does,  and
       can  be used to figure out the reason why files cannot be decoded, if you understand them.
       This section explains how to interpret them.  Understanding this section is not  essential
       to operate the program.

       First,  there  are  "Loading"  messages,  which  begin with the string "Loaded". Each line
       should feature the following items:

       Source File
              The first item is the source file from which a part was loaded. Many parts  can  be
              detected within a single file.

       Subject Line
              The complete subject is reproduced in single quotes.

              The  program derives a unique identification for this thread from the subject line,
              for grouping articles that look like they belong to the same file.  The  result  of
              this algorithm is presented in braces.

              If  a filename was detected on the subject line or within the data (for example, on
              a begin line, or as part of the Content-Type information).

       Part Number
              The part number derived from the subject line, or, in the case  of  properly  MIME-
              formatted messages, from the "part" information.

              If a "begin" or "end" token was detected, it is printed here.

       Encoding Type
              If  encoded data was detected within this part, either "UUdata", "Base64", "XXdata"
              or "Binhex" is printed here.

       More messages are printed after scanning has completed. A single line will be printed  for
       each  group  of  articles.  The contents of this line are best understood by looking at an
       example. Here is one:

       Found 'mailfile.gz' State 16 UUData Parts begin 1 2 3 4 5 end 6 OK

       This indicates that the file mailfile.gz has been found. The file was uuencoded ("UUData")
       and  consists  of  6  parts.  The "begin" token was found in the first part, and the "end"
       token was found in the sixth part. Because it looks like everything's there, this file  is
       tagged as being "OK". The State is a set of bits, where the following values may be or'ed:

       1      Missing Part

       2      No Begin

       4      No End

       8      No encoded data found.

       16     File looks Ok

       32     An error occured during decoding of the file.

       64     File was successfully decoded.


       Because  the program cannot receive terminal input when a file is being read from standard
       input, interactivity is automatically disabled in this case.

       UUDeview is aware of MIME messages, but normally ignores strict MIME compliance  in  favor
       of finding unproperly encoded data within them, e.g. to succeed when individual parts of a
       uuencoded file have been sent with a MIME mailer as MIME messages. For that,  it  subjects
       all  "text/plain" parts of a message to encoding detection. You can use the -z option (see
       above) for more strict RFC2045 compliance.

       The scanner tends to ignore short Base64 data (less  than  four  lines)  outside  of  MIME
       messages.  Some  checks  for this condition are used in desperate mode, but they may cause
       misdetection of encoded data, resulting in some invalid files.

       Files are always decoded into a temporary file first, then this  file  is  copied  to  the
       final  location. This is to prevent accidentally overwriting existing files with data that
       turns out too late to be undecodeable. Thus be careful to have twice the  necessary  space
       available.  Also,  when reading from standard input, all the data is dumped to a temporary
       file before starting the usual scanning process on that file.

       uudeview tries to derive all necessary information from the Subject: line if present.   If
       it  holds  garbage,  or  if the program fails to find a unique identification and the part
       number there, uudeview might still be able to decode the file using other heuristics,  but
       you'll need major luck then.
       Yet  this  is only a concern with split-files. If all encoded files only consist of single
       parts, don't worry.

       If you rename, copy or link the program to uudecode, it may act as a smart replacement for
       the standard, accepting the same command-line options. This has not been well-tested yet.


       uuenview(1), uudecode(1), uuencode(1).
       The UUDeview homepage on the Web,


       To read a file whose name starts with a hyphen '-', prepend a path name, for example './'.

       The checksums found in BinHex data are ignored.

       The  program cannot fully handle partial multipart messages (MIME-style multipart messages
       split over several mail messages). The individual parts are recognized  and  concatenated,
       and the embedded multipart message is "decoded" into a plain-text file, which must then be
       fed again to uudeview.  Don't worry, these kinds of messages are rare.

       UUDeview cannot decipher RFC 1522 headers.

                                            June 2001                                 UUDEVIEW(1)