Provided by: mgetty-viewfax_1.1.36-1.6_i386 bug


       viewfax - display fax files in an X11 window


       viewfax   [-fnluirvW24]   [-hheight]   [-wwidth]  [-zzoom]  [-ddisplay]
       [-gwxh+x+y] [-bbell] [-mmemory] filename...


       viewfax displays one or more fax files in an  X11  window.   The  input
       files may be either raw, single-page faxes received by a fax modem with
       a program such as mgetty(1), or  tiff  files  such  as  those  used  by
       hylafax.   The  first  (or  only) page of "PC-Research"-style (DigiFAX)
       files produced by the ghostscript dfaxhigh or dfaxlow drivers can  also
       be displayed.

       Input  files  using  any  common  fax encoding such as group 3 (1 and 2
       dimensional) and group 4 can be displayed.

       The fax images are rendered at full resolution  and  then  successively
       scaled down by a linear factor of 2 prior to display, until they fit on
       the screen.  The display can be controlled  interactively  using  mouse
       and  keyboard  commands.   The left mouse button expands the image by a
       factor of two and the right button reduces it by the same  factor.   If
       the  image  is  bigger than the available window size, the middle mouse
       button can be used to reposition it within the window.  Hold  down  the
       middle button while dragging the image to its new position.

       If  the  mouse  has  a scroll-wheel it can be used to move an oversized
       image vertically.  With the shift  key  depressed,  the  wheel  scrolls
       through  the  pages.  The shift sense is inverted if viewfax is started
       with -W on the command-line.

       Further interaction is controlled by single-key commands:

       h or Help
              displays a page of help information.  Type 'q' to return to  the
              original document.

       p or Prior or PgUP or - or BackSpace
              displays the previous page from the command-line list.

       n or Next or PgDn or + or space
              displays the next page from the command-line list.

       Shift HOME
              displays the first page from the command-line list.

       Shift END
              displays the last page from the command-line list.

       z      zoom in (same as right mouse button).

       Shift Z
              zoom out (same as left mouse button).

       u      turns  the  image  upside  down,  which is useful if the fax was
              originally fed the wrong way into the machine.

       Shift U
              turns this and all following pages upside down.

       l      turns the image through 90 degrees, to view landscape text.

       Shift L
              turns this and all following pages sideways.

       m      produce a left/right mirror image of the page.

       Shift M
              mirror this and all following pages.

       cursor arrows
              reposition the displayed image if it exceeds the window size.

       HOME   repositions so that the top left corner is visible.

       END    makes the bottom right corner visible.

       Print  if  the  environment  variable  VIEWFAX_PRINT  is  defined,  the
              current  page  is  printed.   All  pages  are printed with Shift

       e      if the environment variable VIEWFAX_EDIT is defined, the current
              page  is  passed  to  the editor.  All input files can be edited
              with Shift e.

       q      terminates the program.

       Shift Q
              terminates the program with non-zero exit status.  Can  be  used
              to  abort  a  shell  script, e.g. when the user is previewing an
              outbound fax and decides not to send it.


       viewfax is designed to "do the right thing" when given just a filename.
       Special  cases  can  be handled with the following options.  (Note that
       tiff-files contain a header which overrides the -f, -n, -h, -w, -l, -m,
       and -u flags.)

       -f     indicates   that  raw  input  files  are  fine  resolution  (7.7
              lines/mm) faxes.  This is the default unless the filename begins
              with  "fn".   Tiff  and  "PC-Research" (DigiFAX) files are self-

       -n     indicates that raw  input  files  are  normal  resolution  (3.85
              lines/mm)  faxes.   Each fax line is duplicated in the displayed
              image  to  give  approximately  equal  vertical  and  horizontal

              specifies  the  number of fax lines.  If this option is missing,
              viewfax counts the number of lines in the input file.

              specifies the number of pixels in each scan-line.   The  default
              value is 1728.

       -l     display in landscape mode.

       -u     turn the image upside down.

       -i     invert pixels (black/white).

       -b     preferred  warning  style:  'a' for audible bell (console beep),
              'v' for visible bell (flash the window), 'n' for  neither.   'v'
              is the default.

       -d or -display
              use specified X server

       -g or -geometry
              the  preferred  size  and  position  of the window, specified as
              widthxheight+x+y.  If a position is  given  (x  and  y  values),
              viewfax  asks the window manager to place the window there.  The
              initial size  of  the  window  is  constrained  to  be  at  most

              If the window is subsequently resized due to the user zooming in
              or out, the geometry is taken as a constraint on the screen area
              which may be used by viewfax.

              If  you  do  not  supply a geometry value, everything works fine
              with ICCCM-compliant window managers like olwm,  mwm,  twm,  and
              tvtwm.  When fully zoomed out the viewfax window will occupy the
              entire screen.

              Users of fvwm will notice that the title bar and left border are
              moved  off  screen when viewfax repositions the window to (0,0).
              A workaround is to use -geometry +5+23  when  using  fvwm.   The
              proper   fix   would  be  for  someone  to  update  the  routine
              HandleConfigureRequest() in fvwm/events.c to correspond  to  the
              code in twm/events.c.

       -mmemory limit
              each  page  is  kept in memory after being fetched and expanded,
              which saves time if the user returns to it in the same  session.
              To  prevent  viewfax  from using all the available swap space, a
              limit is placed on  the  total  size  of  cached  images.   This
              defaults  to 4 MBytes, enough for about 6 typical pages.  If the
              memory limit is exceeded, old images are discarded and  must  be
              reloaded  from  disk if the user returns to them.  The operation
              of this mechanism  is  transparent  apart  from  the  occasional
              delays  due  to  reloading.   The value specified on the command
              line can be suffixed k or m for kilo- or megabytes.

       -r     the bit order of the bytes in the input file is  reversed.   The
              fax  specification  deals  only  with  serial data transmission.
              Modem  manufacturers  have  to  decide  whether  the  first  bit
              received  should  be placed in the most significant or the least
              significant position in a byte.  The consensus is to  pack  most
              significant first, but the -r flag is available to deal with the
              opposite order.

       -v     produce some informative messages (verbose mode).

       -zzoom specifies an initial zoom factor.  A full-scale fax will usually
              not  fit  on  the  screen.   If  the -z option is not specified,
              viewfax scales the image by a power of 2 such that it  is  fully
              visible  at  a  reduced  size.   The user can then use the mouse
              buttons (see above) to view expanded portions of the image.

       -2     Assume that raw input files use group 3 two dimensional coding.

       -4     Assume that raw input files use group 4 coding.  The  number  of
              fax lines (-h option) is required in this case.


              Defines a command that will print one or more fax pages.

              Defines  a  command that will calls an editor on one or more fax

       These two variables are optional.  If  a  variable  is  undefined,  the
       corresponding keyboard command is ignored.  If the variable is defined,
       it should contain the name of  a  command  or  executable  script  that
       performs  the  desired  function.   The command should process a single
       page if called with a -p page-number argument.  Alternatively,  if  can
       be  called with just a list of filenames, meaning that all pages should
       be processed.

       Here is an oversimplified example of a print  command.   Note  that  it
       assumes  that  the  format  is tiff and will fail when handed a raw fax

         case "$1" in
         -p) shift
             dopt=`expr $1 - 1`
             tiff2ps -d ${dopt} -2 -h 11.69 -w 8.27 "$1" | lp
         *)  tiff2ps -2 -h 11.69 -w 8.27 "$*" | lp


       mgetty   (   controls   data/fax/voice

       hylafax  ( is a full-function fax client/server

       g3topbm(1) and xv(1) can be used in a pipeline  to  view  faxes.   This
       will usually be slower than using viewfax, but xv has many capabilities
       for manipulating the image and saving it in other formats.

       ( a
       simple  dialog  for  viewing   FAX   messages   by   Ralph   Schleicher
       (   This  is  a  useful tool which provides a file
       menu from which  incoming  faxes  can  be  selected  for  display  with

       CCITT   (now  ITU)  Recommendation  T.4,  Standardization  of  Group  3
       Facsimile Apparatus for Document Transmission.

       CCITT (now ITU) Recommendation T.6, Facsimile Coding Schemes and Coding
       Control Functions for Group 4 Facsimile Apparatus.


       The user interface does not comply with any known style guide.
       The  help  text  looks moth-eaten because it is encoded as a fax.  This
       avoids dealing with X11 fonts.
       The program does not refer to the X resources database.


       Frank D. Cringle (