Provided by: vnstat_1.11-1_i386 bug


       vnStat - a console-based network traffic monitor


       vnstat  [ -Ddhlmqrstuvw?  ] [ --cleartop ] [ --config file ] [ --days ]
       [ --delete ] [ --dbdir directory ] [ --debug ] [ --disable ] [ --dumpdb
       ]  [  --enable  ]  [  --help  ]  [ --hours ] [ -i interface ] [ --iface
       interface ] [ --iflist ]  [  --live  mode  ]  [  --locale  locale  ]  [
       --longhelp ] [ --months ] [ --nick nickname ] [ --oneline ] [ --query ]
       [ --rateunit ] [ --rebuildtotal ] [ --reset ] [ -ru ] [ --savemerged  ]
       [  --short  ]  [  --showconfig  ]  [  --style  number  ]  [  --sync ] [
       --testkernel ] [ --top10 ] [ -tr time ] [ --traffic time ] [ --update ]
       [ --version ] [ --weeks ] [ --xml ]


       vnStat  is  a  console-based network traffic monitor. It keeps a log of
       hourly,  daily  and  monthly   network   traffic   for   the   selected
       interface(s).   However,   it  isn't  a  packet  sniffer.  The  traffic
       information is analyzed from the proc(5) and sys filesystems  depending
       on  availability.  That  way  vnStat  can  be  used  even  without root
       permissions on most systems.


              Remove all top10 entries.

       --config file
              Use file as config file instead  of  using  normal  config  file
              search function.

       -d, --days
              Show traffic for days.

       --dbdir directory
              Use  directory  as  database  directory  instead  of  using  the
              directory specified in the configuration file or  the  hardcoded
              default if no configuration file is available.

       -D, --debug
              Show additional debug output.

              Delete   the  database  for  the  selected  interface  and  stop
              monitoring it.

              Instead of showing the database with  a  formated  output,  this
              output  will  dump the whole database in a format that should be
              easy to parse with most script languages. Use this  for  example
              with  PHP,  Perl  or  Python to make a custom  webpage. The dump
              uses ; as field delimeter.

                    active;1             activity status
                    interface;eth0       name for the interface
                    nick;inet            nick (if given)
                    created;1023895272   creation date in Unix time
                    updated;1065467100   when the database was updated
                    totalrx;569605       all time total received MiB
                    totaltx;2023708      all time total transmitted MiB
                    currx;621673719      latest rx value in /proc
                    curtx;981730184      latest tx value in /proc
                    totalrxk;644         total rx KiB counter
                    totaltxk;494         total tx KiB counter
                    btime;1059414541     system boot time in Unix time

              Then follows 30 lines like the following


              where d = days, 0  =  day  number  in  database  (0  is  today),
              1077314401  date in Unix time, 559 = rx MiB, 7433 = tx MiB, 68 =
              rx KiB, 557 = tx KiB and 1 tells that  vnStat  has  filled  this
              value and it is in use.

                    m;0;1078092000;48649;139704;527;252;1   (x12)
                    t;0;1078351200;5979;47155;362;525;1     (x10)
                    h;0;1078699800;118265;516545            (x24)

              m = months, t = top10 and h = hours, all other fields are in the
              same order as in days except hours that doesn't have a  separate
              KiB  value.  For hours the forth and fifth fields have values in

       --enable, --disable
              Enable or disable updates for  selected  interface.  Useful  for
              interfaces  that  aren't  always  available,  like  ppp0. If the
              interface goes down it should be  disabled  in  order  to  avoid
              errors.  Add  something  like vnstat -r --disable -i ppp0 to the
              script that's executed when the interface goes down  and  vnstat
              --enable  -i  ppp0  to  the  up script. These two options aren't
              needed when the daemon is used.

       -h, --hours
              Show traffic for the last 24 hours.

       -i, --iface interface
              Select one specific interface and apply actions to only it.

              Show list of currently available interfaces.

       -l, --live mode
              Display current transfer rate for the selected interface in real
              time   until   interrupted.   Statistics  will  be  shown  after
              interruption if  the  runtime  was  more  than  10  seconds.  An
              optional  mode  parameter  can  be  used  to  select between the
              displaying of packets per second (mode 0) and transfer  counters
              (mode  1)  during execution.  --style can also be used to affect
              the layout of the output.

       --locale locale
              Use locale instead of using the locale setting specified in  the
              configuration  file  or  the  system default if no configuration
              file is available.

              Show complete options list.

       -m, --months
              Show traffic for months.

       --nick nickname
              Set the selected interfaces nickname as an  alias  the  will  be
              displayed  in  queries.  Usage  of  -u  is  required to save the

              Show traffic summary for selected interface using one line  with
              a parseable format. The output contains 15 fields with ; used as
              field delimeter. The 1st field contains the version  information
              of  the output that will be changed in future versions of vnStat
              if the field structure changes. The following fields in order 2)
              interface  name,  3) timestamp for today, 4) rx for today, 5) tx
              for today, 6) total for  today,  7)  average  traffic  rate  for
              today,  8) timestamp for current month, 9) rx for current month,
              10) tx for current month,  11)  total  for  current  month,  12)
              average  traffic  rate for today, 13) all time total rx, 14) all
              time total tx, 15) all time total traffic.

       -q, --query
              Force database query mode.

       -r, --reset
              Reset the internal counters in the  database  for  the  selected
              interface.  Use  this  if  the  interface goes down and back up,
              otherwise that interface will get  some  extra  traffic  to  its

              Reset  the  total  traffic  counters  and  recount  those  using
              recorded months.

       -ru, --rateunit
              Swap the configured rate unit. If rate has been configured to be
              shown in bytes then rate will be shown in bits if this option is
              present. In the same way, if rate  has  been  configured  to  be
              shown  in bits then rate will be shown in bytes when this option
              is present. Alternatively 0 or 1 can be given as  parameter  for
              this  option  in  order to select between bytes (0) and bits (1)
              regardless of the configuration file setting.

              Write the end result of a database merge to  the  file  mergeddb
              that  can  then  be  used  as  a  new database if renamed. Top10
              traffic days isn't included in the merge and will start empty in
              the new database.

       -s, --short
              Use  short  output mode. This mode is also used if more than one
              database is available.

       --style number
              Modify the content and style of outputs. Set number to 0  for  a
              more  narrow  output,  1  for enabling bar column, 2 for same as
              previous but with average traffic rate visible  in  summary  and
              weekly  outputs  and  3 for enabling average traffic rate in all
              outputs where it is supported. 4 disables the  use  of  terminal
              control characters in -l / --live mode.

       --sync Synchronize  internal  counters  in  the database with interface
              counters for the selected interface. Use this if the  system  is
              rebooted  but  interface counters aren't reseted. Such can occur
              when suspend to ram/disk is used.

              Test if the kernel boot time information always stays  the  same
              like it should or if it's shifting.

       -t, --top10
              Show all time top10 traffic days.

       -tr time
              Calculate  how  much traffic goes through the selected interface
              during the given time seconds. The time will be 5 seconds  if  a
              number parameter isn't included.

       -u, --update
              Update  all  enabled databases or only the one specified with -i

       -v, --version
              Show current version.

       -w, --weeks
              Show traffic for 7 days, current and previous week.

       --xml  Show database content for selected interface or  all  interfaces
              in xml format. All traffic values in the output are in KiB.

       -?, --help
              Show a command summary.


              This  directory  contains  all databases the program uses. Files
              are named according to the monitored interfaces.

              Config file that will be used unless $HOME/.vnstatrc exists. See
              vnstat.conf(5) for more information.


       vnstat Display traffic summary for the default interface.

       vnstat -i eth0+eth1+eth3
              Display traffic summary for a merge of interfaces eth0, eth1 and

       vnstat -i eth2 --xml
              Output all information about interface eth2 in xml format.

       vnstat -u -i eth0
              Force a  database  update  for  interface  eth0  or  create  the
              database  if it doesn't exist. This is usually the first command
              used after a fresh install.

       vnstat -u -i eth0 --nick local
              Give interface eth0 the nickname "local". That information  will
              be  later  later  visible  as  a label when eth0 is queried. The
              database will also be updated when this command is  executed  or
              created if the database doesn't exist.

       vnstat -i eth2 --delete
              Delete database of interface eth2 and stop monitoring it.


       Updates  needs  to  be executed at least as often as it is possible for
       the interface to generate enough traffic to wrap the  kernel  interface
       traffic  counter.  Otherwise  it is possible that some traffic won't be
       seen. This isn't an issue for 64 bit kernels but at  least  one  update
       every  hour  is always required in order to provide proper input.  With
       32 bit kernels the maximum time between two updates depends on how fast
       the interface can transfer 4 GiB. Calculated theoretical times are:

              10 Mbit:        54 minutes
              100 Mbit:        5 minutes
              1000 Mbit:      30 seconds

       However, for 1000 Mbit interfaces updating once every minute is usually
       still a working option.

       Estimated traffic values are likely to be somewhat inaccurate if  daily
       traffic  is  low  because only the MiB counter is used to calculate the

       Virtual and aliased interfaces cannot be monitored because  the  kernel
       doesn't  provide  traffic information for that type of interfaces. Such
       interfaces are usually named eth0:0, eth0:1, eth0:2 etc. where eth0  is
       the actual interface being aliased.


       Teemu Toivola <tst at iki dot fi>


       vnstatd(1), vnstati(1), vnstat.conf(5), proc(5), ifconfig(8), units(7)