Provided by: wml_2.0.11ds2-1build1_i386 bug


       WML - Website META Language




       wml [-I PATH] [-i PATH] [-D NAME=STR] [-D NAME~PATH] [-n] [-r] [-O
       level] [-o [SLICETERM":"]PATH[@CHMODOPT]] [-P PATH] [-E PATH] [-t] [-p
       STR] [-W STR] [-s] [-v [NUM]] [-q] [inputfile]

       wml [-V [NUM]] [-h]


       This is the control program of the Website META Language (WML), a free
       HTML generation toolkit for Unix, internally consisting of 9
       independent languages.

       The main idea of WML is a sequential filtering scheme where each
       language provides one of 9 processing passes.  So wml reads inputfile
       (or from stdin if inputfile is a dash or completely missing), applies
       passes 1-9 (or only the passes specified by -p) and finally produces
       one or more outputfiles.

       For more details on this processing scheme read the WML Introduction
       under wml_intro(7) and the WML Tutorial under wml_tutorial(7).


       -I, --include=PATH
           Adds a directory to the list of user include paths. Use this option
           to set the runtime environment for pass 1. See wml_p1_ipp(3) for
           more details.

       -i, --includefile=PATH
           Pre-loads a particular include file, i.e. virtually adds a

             #include "PATH"

           at the top of inputfile. Use this to automatically include default
           user include files. If you want to include a systems include file
           you have to surround the PATH with angle brackets, for instance use
           ``"-i" "<foo/bar.wml>"'' to include the file foo/bar.wml from the
           system include area.  Alternatively you can use the special syntax
           ``"wml::foo::bar"'' as with the "#use" directive.

       -D, --define=NAME=STR
           Defines a variable which can be interpolated in pass 1 (IPP) via
           "$(NAME)", in pass 2 (mp4h) via <"get-var NAME">, in pass 3 (ePerl)
           via "<:=$NAME:>" and in pass 4 (GNU m4) via "m4_NAME".  A special
           variant --define=NAME=UNDEF does the opposite, it deletes previous
           definitions (which may be different than undefining these
           variables, e.g. with system defined variables).

       -D, --define=NAME~PATH
           Similar to the above but defines a variable holding a pathname
           which is autoadjusted (see below).  It can be interpolated in the
           same ways as the "NAME=STR" variant from above.

       -n, --noshebang
           This forces WML to ignore a possibly contained shebang line in
           inputfile.  This is usually used by WMk, because WMk already parsed
           this line and supplied the options to WML.

       -r, --norcfile
           This forces WML to ignore all .wmlrc files.

       -c, --nocd
           When WML processes an input file from another directory, it jumps
           into that directory before parsing .wmlrc files, and jump back to
           current directory after.  If this option is set, no directory
           change is made and .wmlrc files are read reative to current working

       -O, --optimize=NUM
           This is the optimization option which is passed directly to pass 8
           (htmlfix). It controls the amount of optimization/stripping which
           is applied to the generated HTML markup code.

       -o, --outputfile=SLICETERM:outputfile[@CHMODOPT]
           This redirects the output to a file. Usually the whole file will be
           send to stdout (same as "ALL:-"). You can use this option more than
           once to output to more than one file while using the SLICETERM as a
           set theory term of slices to determine which contents will be
           included into each particular output file.  The optional CHMODOPT
           is intended for specifying options for a finally applied chmod
           command. For instance use ``"u+x"'' to create a file with the
           execution bit set (Apache's XBitHack feature).  See slice(1) for
           more details.

       -P, --prolog=PATH
           Runs an prolog filter over the input file.  This program receives
           the data to act on as STDIN and has to produce the filtered data on

       -E, --epilog=PATH
           Runs an epilogue program over the finally resulting output files.
           Currently the following WML-specific programs are known: htmlinfo,
           linklint, tidy and weblint.  But you can specify any program which
           is available in your "PATH". This program receives the file to act
           on as its first command line argument. Notice that output is not
           redirected to this file, so you have to use a wrapper or program
           specific flags if you want to modify output files.

       -t, --settime
           This sets the modification time of all output files to the
           modification time of intputfile plus 1 second. This is useful
           because Webservers will generate "Last-Modified" headers and there
           the editing time is more important than the generation time. The 1
           second offset is for the dependencies of Makefiles.

       -M, --depend[=OPTIONS]
           Output a rule suitable for `make' describing the dependencies of
           each output file, as `gcc' does. It has only sense when the -o
           option is used.  No processing is done except for the first pass.

           The D flag option writes the rule to a dependency file. The name of
           this file is obtained by replacing the suffix of the output file by

           The M flag option deletes the system files from the list of

       -p, --pass=STR
           Specifies which of the passes described above are actually applied
           under runtime. The argument STR is a comma-separated list of pass
           numbers with one special case: You can write "X-Y" for all passes
           "X...Y".  When pass 9 is not part of STR the resulting output is
           written to STDOUT. Default is the string ``"1-9"''.

       -W, --passoption=NUM,STR
           Set option STR for the pass NUM.

       -s, --safe
           This disables some Perl hacks inside WML which speedup processing
           by reducing the forking overhead when running the various passes.

           Without this option WML pre-compiles the passes 1,5,6,7,8 (which
           are written in Perl!) into a different namespace of the currently
           running Perl interpreter instead of running them externally via
           "system()". The effect is that these programs are run from within
           the same Perl interpreter thus saving five CPU- and time-intensive
           "fork()"'s. The actual gain is between 2 and 4 seconds of
           processing time. Although experience showed that it works great,
           the theoretical problem still is, that this approach is somewhat
           risky due to internal Perl variable conflicts.

           Use this option to disable these speedups by forcing WML to use the
           safe "fork()" approach.

       -v, --verbose[=NUM]
           This sets verbose mode (from 1 to 9) where some processing
           information will be given on the console. Useful for debugging.
           This option also gets passed to some of the filtering programs.
           Default is no verbosity and just -v means -v1.

       -q, --quiet
           This sets quiet mode where the processing prop is no longer
           displayed.  Use this option when running wml as a batch job.  This
           option is automatically forced when inputfile is missing.  Then WML
           automatically reads from stdin in quiet mode.

       -V, --version[=NUM]
           Gives the version identification string and disclaimer (no NUM or
           NUM >= 1), the WML build information (NUM >= 2) and the Perl build
           information (NUM >= 3). Use this option to get a brief description
           of your installed WML system, especially when reporting bugs to the

       -h, --help
           Prints the usage summary page.


       The following variables are always defined by wml under runtime and are
       usually interpolated via <"get-var NAME"> inside Pass 2 and via $NAME
       in Pass 3.

           The current working directory from where wml was started.  An
           absolute Unix filesystem path.

           The name of the inputfile from the command line. Useful when
           running wml on a bulk of files and includefiles have to determine
           in which they are included.

           The basename of the inputfile, i.e. the "WML_SRC_FILENAME", but
           with the extension already stripped.

           The last modification time of inputfile in "time()" format.  Useful
           inside footers when customized date format is needed.

           The last modification time of inputfile in "ctime()" format.
           Useful inside footers include files.

           The last modification time of inputfile in ISO "yyyy-mm-dd
           hh:mm:ss" format.  Useful inside footers include files.

           The Unix username of the user who own inputfile.

           The realname of the user who own inputfile.

           The current time of generation in "time()" format.  Useful inside
           footers when customized date format is needed.

           The current time of generation in "ctime()" format.  Useful inside
           footers include files.

           The current time of generation in ISO "yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss" format.
           Useful inside footers include files.

           The Unix username of the user who runs the wml process.

           The realname of the user who runs the wml process.

           The name of the host on which the wml command runs.

           The location prefix where WML was installed to at built time.

           The directory where WML's binaries were installed to at built time.

           The directory where WML's library files were installed to at built

           The directory where WML's data files were installed to at built

           The directory where WML's manual pages were installed to at built

           The version identification string of WML.  Use this for instance in
           HTML comments inside header includes to identify the generation
           tools version.

           This variable can contain a string of options.  Usually this is
           used by Bourne-Shell users like

             $ WMLOPTS="-DNAME1=VALUE2 -DNAME2=VALUE2"
             $ export WMLOPTS

           and by C-Shell users like

             $ setenv WMLOPTS "-DNAME1=VALUE2 -DNAME2=VALUE2"

           to make sure some variables are defined for all runs of wml.

           This variable contains the pager WML is to use. WML uses a pager
           when called with the --verbose=NUM or -vNUM option respectively and
           NUM is 3 or higher and therefore showing the processed data after
           each pass.  Default is 'more'.

           This variable contains the directory WML stores its temporary files
           in.  Default is '/tmp'.


       $HOME/.wmlrc and (../)*.wmlrc
           These files can also contain option strings, one option per line.
           Usually the contents is one or more -D options, especially auto-
           adjusted ones:



       WML is shipped with a standard set of include files.  You can directly
       include them via

         #use wml::category::name

       and read their own documentation via

         $ man wml::category::name

       See wml::all(3) for a description of all available include files.


       The WML control frontend provides a few special features on its own:

       Shebang Line Support
           WML recognizes a shebang line (``"#!wml" options'') in the .wml
           files and automatically adds options to its command line. This line
           is also used by WMk. Two special features in contrast to shebang
           lines for the Unix loader are available: WML's shebang line can be
           continued via a backslash character and the constructs %DIR and
           %<BASE> are interpolated (where %DIR is the path to the directory
           the source while resides and %BASE is the filename of the source
           file without any extension).


             #!wml -o (ALL-LANG_*)+LANG_EN:%BASE.en.html \
                   -o (ALL-LANG_*)

       Data Protection Container Tag
           WML provides an own internal container tag named "<protect
           [pass=SPEC]>"..."</protect>" which can be used to protect any type
           of data from being processed by any WML pass. When no "pass"
           attribute is given SPEC defaults to "1-9". When you use "pass" then
           SPEC can be either "#-", "-#", "#-#" or a comma separated list of
           passes, while "#" can be between 1 and 9.


              <script language="JavaScript">
              <protect pass=2>
              output = "<PRE><DIV ALIGN=\"CENTER\"><B>" + help_string + "</B></DIV></PRE>"


           Since WML 2.0.3, pass 1 includes extra stuff to help keeping
           information about line numbers relevant (a la cpp).  So when

              <protect pass=2>
              #include 'foo'

           these extra commands will not be interpreted during pass 2 and will
           remain on output.  To suppress them, either compile with "-W1,-N"
           flag, or write

              <protect pass=2>
              #include 'foo' IPP_NOSYNCLINES


        Ralf S. Engelschall

        Denis Barbier


       wmd(1), wml_faq(7), wml_intro(7), wml_tutorial(7), wml_tags(7),