Provided by: xpdf_3.02-21build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       xpdf - Portable Document Format (PDF) file viewer for X (version 3.02)

SYNOPSIS

       xpdf [options] [PDF-file [page | +dest]]

DESCRIPTION

       Xpdf is a viewer for Portable Document Format (PDF) files.  (These are also sometimes also
       called 'Acrobat' files, from the name of Adobe's PDF software.)  Xpdf  runs  under  the  X
       Window System on UNIX, VMS, and OS/2.

       To run xpdf, simply type:

              xpdf file.pdf

       where file.pdf is your PDF file.  The file name can be followed by a number specifying the
       page which should be displayed first, e.g.:

              xpdf file.pdf 18

       You can also give a named destination, prefixed with '+' in  place  of  the  page  number.
       (This is only useful with PDF files that provide named destination targets.)

       You can also start xpdf without opening any files:

              xpdf

       Various compressed formats (gz, bz2, xz, and Z) are also supported, for example::

              xpdf file.pdf.gz

CONFIGURATION FILE

       Xpdf  reads  a  configuration  file at startup.  It first tries to find the user's private
       config file, ~/.xpdfrc.  If that doesn't exist, it looks for a  system-wide  config  file,
       /etc/xpdf/xpdfrc.  See the xpdfrc(5) man page for details.

OPTIONS

       Many  of the following options can be set with configuration file commands or X resources.
       These are listed in square brackets with the description of the corresponding command line
       option.

       -g geometry
              Set  the  initial  window  geometry.   (-geometry  is  equivalent.)   [X  resource:
              xpdf.geometry]

       -title title
              Set the window title.  By default, the title will be "xpdf: foo.pdf".  [X resource:
              xpdf.title]

       -cmap  Install  a  private  colormap.  This is ignored on TrueColor visuals.  [X resource:
              xpdf.installCmap]

       -rgb number
              Set the size of largest RGB cube xpdf will try to allocate.  The default is 5  (for
              a  5x5x5  cube);  set to a smaller number to conserve color table entries.  This is
              ignored  with  private  colormaps  and  on   TrueColor   visuals.    [X   resource:
              xpdf.rgbCubeSize]

       -rv    Set  reverse video mode.  This reverses the colors of everything except images.  It
              may not always produce great results for PDF  files  which  do  weird  things  with
              color.   This  also  causes  the  paper  color  to  default to black.  [X resource:
              xpdf.reverseVideo]

       -papercolor color
              Set the "paper color", i.e., the background of the page  display.   This  will  not
              work  too well with PDF files that do things like filling in white behind the text.
              [X resource: xpdf.paperColor]

       -mattecolor color
              Set the matte color, i.e., the color used for background outside  the  actual  page
              area.   (There  is  a  separate setting, xpdf.fullScreenMatteColor, for full-screen
              mode.)  [X resource: xpdf.matteColor]

       -z zoom
              Set the initial zoom factor.  A number specifies a zoom percentage, where 100 means
              72  dpi.  You may also specify ´page', to fit the page to the window size, ´width',
              to fit the page width to the window width, or ´height', to fit the page  height  to
              the window height.  [config file: initialZoom; or X resource: xpdf.initialZoom]

       -cont  Start  in  continuous  view  mode, i.e., with one vertical scroll bar for the whole
              document.  [config file: continuousView]

       -t1lib yes | no
              Enable or disable t1lib (a Type  1  font  rasterizer).   This  defaults  to  "yes".
              [config file: enableT1lib]

       -freetype yes | no
              Enable or disable FreeType (a TrueType / Type 1 font rasterizer).  This defaults to
              "yes".  [config file: enableFreeType]

       -aa yes | no
              Enable or disable font anti-aliasing.   This  defaults  to  "yes".   [config  file:
              antialias]

       -aaVector yes | no
              Enable  or  disable  vector  anti-aliasing.  This defaults to "yes".  [config file:
              vectorAntialias]

       -ps PS-file
              Set the default file name for PostScript output (i.e., the name which  will  appear
              in  the  print  dialog).   This  can  also  be  of  the form '|command' to pipe the
              PostScript through a command.  [config file: psFile]

       -paper size
              Set the paper size to one of "letter", "legal", "A4", or "A3".  This  can  also  be
              set  to  "match",  which will set the paper size to match the size specified in the
              PDF file.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -paperw size
              Set the paper width, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -paperh size
              Set the paper height, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -level1
              Generate Level 1 PostScript.  The resulting PostScript files will be  significantly
              larger  (if  they  contain  images), but will print on Level 1 printers.  This also
              converts all images to black and white.  [config file: psLevel]

       -enc encoding-name
              Sets the encoding to use for text output.  The encoding-name must be  defined  with
              the  unicodeMap  command  (see  xpdfrc(5)).   This defaults to "Latin1" (which is a
              built-in encoding).  [config file: textEncoding]

       -eol unix | dos | mac
              Sets the end-of-line convention to use for text output.  [config file: textEOL]

       -opw password
              Specify the owner password for the  PDF  file.   Providing  this  will  bypass  all
              security restrictions.

       -upw password
              Specify the user password for the PDF file.

       -fullscreen
              Open xpdf in full-screen mode, useful for presentations.

       -remote name
              Start/contact  xpdf  remote  server with specified name (see the REMOTE SERVER MODE
              section below).

       -exec command
              Execute a command (see the COMMANDS section below) in an xpdf remote server  window
              (with -remote only).

       -reload
              Reload xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -raise Raise xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -quit  Kill xpdf remote server (with -remote only).

       -cmd   Print   commands  as  they're  executed  (useful  for  debugging).   [config  file:
              printCommands]

       -q     Don't print any messages or errors.  [config file: errQuiet]

       -cfg config-file
              Read config-file in place of ~/.xpdfrc or the system-wide config file.

       -v     Print copyright and version information.

       -h     Print usage information.  (-help and --help are equivalent.)

       -m file1 file2 ...
              Open multiple pdf files: file1  file2  ...   etc.   NOTE:  The  list  of  files  is
              terminated  once an argument starting with a dash is encountered.  In order to view
              file names starting with a dash, simply append  "./".   -m  may  be  used  multiple
              times.

       Several other standard X options and resources will work as expected:

       -display display
              [X resource: xpdf.display]

       -fg color
              (-foreground is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Foreground]

       -bg color
              (-background is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Background]

       -font font
              (-fn is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*fontList]

       The  color  and  font options only affect the user interface elements, not the PDF display
       (the 'paper').

       The following X resources do not have command line option equivalents:

       xpdf.toolTipEnable
              Enables (if set to true) or disables (if set to false) the tool-tips on the toolbar
              buttons.

       xpdf.fullScreenMatteColor
              Sets  the  matte  color  to  be  used  in full-screen mode.  The default setting is
              "black".

CONTROLS

   On-screen controls, at the bottom of the xpdf window
       left/right arrow buttons
              Move to the previous/next page.

       double left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward by ten pages.

       dashed left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward along the history path.

       'Page' entry box
              Move to a specific page number.  Click in the box to activate  it,  type  the  page
              number, then hit return.

       zoom popup menu
              Change the zoom factor (see the description of the -z option above).

       binoculars button
              Find a text string.

       print button
              Bring  up a dialog for generating a PostScript file.  The dialog has options to set
              the pages to be printed and the PostScript file name.  The file name can be '-' for
              stdout or '|command' to pipe the PostScript through a command, e.g., '|lpr'.

       '?' button
              Bring up the 'about xpdf' window.

       link info
              The  space  between  the '?' and 'Quit' buttons is used to show the URL or external
              file name when the mouse is over a link.

       'Quit' button
              Quit xpdf.

   Menu
       Pressing the right mouse button will post a popup menu with the following commands:

       Open...
              Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       Open in new window...
              Create a new window and open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       Reload Reload the current PDF file.  Note that Xpdf will reload the file automatically (on
              a page change or redraw) if it has changed since it was last loaded.

       Save as...
              Save the current file via a file requester.

       Continuous view
              Toggles between single page and continuous view modes.

       Rotate counterclockwise
              Rotate the page 90 degrees counterclockwise.

       Rotate clockwise
              Rotate  the  page  90  degrees  clockwise.   The  two  rotate commands are intended
              primarily for PDF files where the rotation isn't correctly specified in the file.

       Zoom to selection
              Zoom in to the currently selected rectangle.

       Close  Close the current window.  If this is the only open window, the document is closed,
              but the window is left open (i.e., this menu command won't quit xpdf).

       Quit   Quit xpdf.

   Outline
       If  the  PDF contains an outline (a.k.a., bookmarks), there will be an outline pane on the
       left side of the window.  The width of the outline pane  is  adjustable  with  a  vertical
       split bar via the knob near its bottom end.

   Text selection
       Dragging  the  mouse with the left button held down will highlight an arbitrary rectangle.
       Any text inside this rectangle will be copied to the X selection buffer.

   Links
       Clicking on a hyperlink will jump to the  link's  destination.   A  link  to  another  PDF
       document will make xpdf load that document.  A 'launch' link to an executable program will
       display a dialog, and if you click 'ok', execute the program.  URL links call an  external
       command (see the WEB BROWSERS section below).

   Panning
       Dragging the mouse with the middle button held down pans the window.

   Key bindings
       o      Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       r      Reload the current PDF file.  Note that Xpdf will reload the file automatically (on
              a page change or redraw) if it has changed since it was last loaded.

       control-L
              Redraw the current page.

       control-W
              Close the current window.

       f or control-F
              Find a text string.

       control-G
              Find next occurrence.

       control-P
              Print.

       n      Move to the next page.  Scrolls to the top of  the  page,  unless  scroll  lock  is
              turned on.

       p      Move  to  the previous page.  Scrolls to the top of the page, unless scroll lock is
              turned on.

       <Space> or <PageDown> or <Next>
              Scroll down on the current page; if already at bottom, move to next page.

       <Backspace> or <Delete> or <PageUp> or <Previous>
              Scroll up on the current page; if already at top, move to previous page.

       v      Move forward along the history path.

       b      Move backward along the history path.

       <Home> Scroll to top of current page.

       <End>  Scroll to bottom of current page.

       control-<Home>
              Scroll to first page of document.

       control-<End>
              Scroll to last page of document.

       arrows Scroll the current page.

       g      Activate the page number text field ("goto page").

       0      Set the zoom factor to 125% (ready for increment and decrement).

       +      Zoom in (increment the zoom factor by 1).

       -      Zoom out (decrement the zoom factor by 1).

       z      Set the zoom factor to 'page' (fit page to window).

       w      Set the zoom factor to 'width' (fit page width to window).

       h      Set the zoom factor to 'height' (fit page height to window).

       alt-F  Toggle full-screen mode.

       q      Quit xpdf.

WEB BROWSERS

       If you want to run  xpdf  automatically  from  netscape  or  mosaic  (and  probably  other
       browsers)  when  you click on a link to a PDF file, you need to edit (or create) the files
       .mime.types and .mailcap in your home directory.  In .mime.types add the line:

              application/pdf pdf

       In .mailcap add the lines:

              # Use xpdf to view PDF files.
              application/pdf; xpdf -q %s

       Make sure that xpdf is on your executable search path.

       When you click on a URL link in a PDF file, xpdf will execute the command specified by the
       urlCommand config file option, replacing an occurrence of '%s' with the URL.  For example,
       to call netscape with the URL, add this line to your config file:

              urlCommand "netscape -remote 'openURL(%s)'"

COMMANDS

       Xpdf's key and mouse bindings are user-configurable, using the bind and unbind options  in
       the  config  file  (see  xpdfrc(5)).   The  bind command allows you to bind a key or mouse
       button to a sequence of one or more commands.

   Available Commands
       The following commands are supported:

       gotoPage(page)
              Go to the specified page.

       gotoPageNoScroll(page)
              Go to the specified page, with the current relative scroll position.

       gotoDest(dest)
              Go to a named destination.

       gotoLastPage
              Go to the last page in the PDF file.

       gotoLastPageNoScroll
              Go to the last page in the PDF file, with the current relative scroll position.

       nextPage
              Go to the next page.

       nextPageNoScroll
              Go to the next page, with the current relative scroll position.

       prevPage
              Go to the previous page.

       prevPageNoScroll
              Go to the previous page, with the current relative scroll position.

       pageUp Scroll up by one screenful.

       pageDown
              Scroll down by one screenful.

       scrollLeft(n)
              Scroll left by n pixels.

       scrollRight(n)
              Scroll right by n pixels.

       scrollUp(n)
              Scroll up by n pixels.

       scrollDown(n)
              Scroll down by n pixels.

       scrollUpPrevPage(n)
              Scroll up by n pixels, moving to the previous page if appropriate.

       scrollDownPrevPage(n)
              Scroll down by n pixels, moving to the next page if appropriate.

       scrollToTopEdge
              Scroll to the top edge of the current page, with no horizontal movement.

       scrollToBottomEdge
              Scroll to the bottom edge of the current page, with no horizontal movement.

       scrollToLeftEdge
              Scroll to the left edge of the current page, with no vertical movement.

       scrollToRightEdge
              Scroll to the right edge of the current page, with no vertical movement.

       scrollToTopLeft
              Scroll to the top-left corner of the current page.

       scrollToBottomRight
              Scroll to the bottom-right corner of the current page.

       goForward
              Move forward along the history path.

       goBackward
              Move backward along the history path.

       zoomPercent(z)
              Set the zoom factor to z%.

       zoomFitPage
              Set the zoom factor to fit-page.

       zoomFitWidth
              Set the zoom factor to fit-width.

       zoomFitHeight
              Set the zoom factor to fit-height.

       zoomIn Zoom in - go to the next higher zoom factor.

       zoomOut
              Zoom out - go the next lower zoom factor.

       continuousMode
              Go to continuous view mode.

       singlePageMode
              Go to single-page view mode.

       toggleContinuousMode
              Toggle between continuous and single page view modes.

       fullScreenMode
              Go to full-screen mode.

       windowMode
              Go to window (non-full-screen) mode.

       toggleFullScreenMode
              Toggle between full-screen and window modes.

       open   Open a PDF file in this window, using the open dialog.

       openInNewWin
              Open a PDF file in a new window, using the open dialog.

       openFile(file)
              Open a specified PDF file in this window.

       openFileInNewWin(file)
              Open a specified PDF file in a new window.

       openFileAtDest(file,dest)
              Open a specified PDF file in this window and go to a named destination.

       openFileAtDestInNewWin(file,dest)
              Open a specified PDF file in a new window and go to a named destination.

       reload Reload the current PDF file.

       redraw Redraw the window.

       raise  Raise the window to the front.

       closeWindow
              Close the window.

       run(external-command-string)
              Run an external command.  The following escapes are allowed in the command string:

                  %f => PDF file name (or an empty string if no
                        file is open)
                  %b => PDF file base name, i.e., file name minus
                        the extension (or an empty string if no
                        file is open)
                  %u => link URL (or an empty string if not over
                        a URL link)
                  %x => selection upper-left x coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %y => selection upper-left y coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %X => selection lower-right x coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %Y => selection lower-right y coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %% => %

       openOutline
              Open the outline pane.

       closeOutline
              Close the outline pane.

       toggleOutline
              Toggle the outline pane between open and closed.

       scrollOutlineDown(n)
              Scroll the outline down by n increments.

       scrollOutlineUp(n)
              Scroll the outline up by n increments.

       focusToDocWin
              Set the keyboard focus to the main document window.

       focusToPageNum
              Set the keyboard focus to the page number text box.

       find   Open the 'find' dialog.

       findNext
              Finds the next occurrence of the search string (no dialog).

       print  Open the 'print' dialog.

       about  Open the 'about' dialog.

       quit   Quit from xpdf.

       The following commands depend on the current mouse position:

       startSelection
              Start a selection, which will be extended as the mouse moves.

       endSelection
              End a selection.

       startPan
              Start a pan, which will scroll the document as the mouse moves

       endPan End a pan.

       postPopupMenu
              Display the popup menu.

       followLink
              Follow a hyperlink (does nothing if the mouse is not over a link).

       followLinkInNewWin
              Follow a hyperlink, opening PDF files in a new window (does nothing if the mouse is
              not  over  a  link).   For  links  to  non-PDF  files, this command is identical to
              followLink.

       followLinkNoSel
              Same as followLink, but does nothing if there is a non-empty selection.   (This  is
              useful as a mouse button binding.)

       followLinkInNewWinNoSel
              Same  as  followLinkInNewWin,  but  does nothing if there is a non-empty selection.
              (This is useful as a mouse button binding.)

   Default Bindings
       The default mouse bindings are as follows:

           bind mousePress1    any         startSelection
           bind mouseRelease1  any         endSelection followLinkNoSel
           bind mousePress2    any         startPan
           bind mouseRelease2  any         endPan
           bind mousePress3    any         postPopupMenu
           bind mousePress4    any         scrollUpPrevPage(16)
           bind mousePress5    any         scrollDownNextPage(16)
           bind mousePress6    any         scrollLeft(16)
           bind mousePress7    any         scrollRight(16)

       The default key bindings are as follows:

           bind ctrl-home      any         gotoPage(1)
           bind home           any         scrollToTopLeft
           bind ctrl-end       any         gotoLastPage
           bind end            any         scrollToBottomRight
           bind pgup           any         pageUp
           bind backspace      any         pageUp
           bind delete         any         pageUp
           bind pgdn           any         pageDown
           bind space          any         pageDown
           bind left           any         scrollLeft(16)
           bind right          any         scrollRight(16)
           bind up             any         scrollUp(16)
           bind down           any         scrollDown(16)
           bind o              any         open
           bind O              any         open
           bind r              any         reload
           bind R              any         reload
           bind f              any         find
           bind F              any         find
           bind ctrl-f         any         find
           bind ctrl-g         any         findNext
           bind ctrl-p         any         print
           bind n              scrLockOff  nextPage
           bind N              scrLockOff  nextPage
           bind n              scrLockOn   nextPageNoScroll
           bind N              scrLockOn   nextPageNoScroll
           bind p              scrLockOff  prevPage
           bind P              scrLockOff  prevPage
           bind p              scrLockOn   prevPageNoScroll
           bind P              scrLockOn   prevPageNoScroll
           bind v              any         goForward
           bind b              any         goBackward
           bind g              any         focusToPageNum
           bind 0              any         zoomPercent(125)
           bind +              any         zoomIn
           bind -              any         zoomOut
           bind z              any         zoomFitPage
           bind w              any         zoomFitWidth
           bind h              any         zoomFitHeight
           bind alt-f          any         toggleFullScreenMode
           bind ctrl-l         any         redraw
           bind ctrl-w         any         closeWindow
           bind ?              any         about
           bind q              any         quit
           bind Q              any         quit

       Previous versions of xpdf included a "viKeys" X resource.  It is no longer available,  but
       the following bindings are equivalent:

           bind h any scrollLeft(16)
           bind l any scrollRight(16)
           bind k any scrollUp(16)
           bind j any scrollDown(16)

REMOTE SERVER MODE

       Xpdf  can be started in remote server mode by specifying a server name (in addition to the
       file name and page number).  For example:

              xpdf -remote myServer file.pdf

       If there is currently no xpdf running in server mode with the name 'myServer', a new  xpdf
       window will be opened.  If another command:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 9

       is  issued,  a new copy of xpdf will not be started.  Instead, the first xpdf (the server)
       will load another.pdf and display page nine.  If the file name is the same:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 4

       the xpdf server will simply display the specified page.

       The -raise option tells the server to raise its  window;  it  can  be  specified  with  or
       without a file name and page number.

       The -quit option tells the server to close its window and exit.

EXIT CODES

       The Xpdf tools use the following exit codes:

       0      No error.

       1      Error opening a PDF file.

       2      Error opening an output file.

       3      Error related to PDF permissions.

       99     Other error.

AUTHOR

       The xpdf software and documentation are copyright 1996-2007 Glyph & Cog, LLC.

SEE ALSO

       pdftops(1), pdftotext(1), pdfinfo(1), pdffonts(1), pdftoppm(1), pdfimages(1), xpdfrc(5)
       http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/

                                         27 February 2007                                 xpdf(1)