Provided by: x11-xserver-utils_7.6+3_i386 bug


       xrandr - primitive command line interface to RandR extension


       xrandr  [-help]   [-display  display]  [-q] [-v] [--verbose] [--dryrun]
       [--screen snum] [--q1] [--q12]
       RandR version 1.3 options
       [--current] [--noprimary]
       Per-output options
       [--scale xxy] [--transform a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i] [--primary]
       RandR version 1.2 options
       [--prop]  [--fb  widthxheight]  [--fbmm   widthxheight]   [--dpi   dpi]
       [--newmode   name   mode]   [--rmmode  name]  [--addmode  output  name]
       [--delmode output name]
       Per-output options
       [--output output] [--auto]  [--mode  mode]  [--preferred]  [--pos  xxy]
       [--rate  rate] [--reflect reflection] [--rotate orientation] [--left-of
       output] [--right-of output] [--above output] [--below output]  [--same-
       as  output]  [--set  property  value]  [--off]  [--crtc  crtc] [--gamma
       red:green:blue] [--brightness brightness]

       RandR version 1.0 and version 1.1 options
       [-o orientation] [-s size] [-r rate] [-x] [-y]


       Xrandr is used to set the size, orientation and/or  reflection  of  the
       outputs for a screen. It can also set the screen size.

       If  invoked  without any option, it will dump the state of the outputs,
       showing the existing modes for each of  them,  with  a  '+'  after  the
       preferred mode and a '*' after the current mode.

       There  are  a  few global options. Other options modify the last output
       that is specified in earlier parameters in the command  line.  Multiple
       outputs  may  be modified at the same time by passing multiple --output
       options followed immediately by their corresponding modifying options.

       -help  Print out a summary of the usage and exit.

       -v, --version
              Print out the RandR version reported by the X server and exit.

              Causes xrandr to be more verbose. When used with -q (or  without
              other  options),  xrandr will display more information about the
              server  state.  Please  note  that  the  gamma  and   brightness
              informations  are  only  approximations  of  the  complete color
              profile stored in the server. When used along with options  that
              reconfigure   the   system,  progress  will  be  reported  while
              executing the configuration changes.

       -q, --query
              When this option is present, or when  no  configuration  changes
              are  requested,  xrandr  will  display  the current state of the

              Performs all the actions specified except that  no  changes  are

              Apply  the  modifications without grabbing the screen. It avoids
              to block other applications during the update but it might  also
              cause some applications that detect screen resize to receive old

       -d, -display name
              This option selects the X display to use. Note  this  refers  to
              the X screen abstraction, not the monitor (or output).

       --screen snum
              This option selects which screen to manipulate. Note this refers
              to the X screen abstraction, not the monitor (or output).

       --q1   Forces the usage of the RandR version 1.1 protocol,  even  if  a
              higher version is available.

       --q12  Forces  the usage of the RandR version 1.2 protocol, even if the
              display does not report it as supported or a higher  version  is

RandR version 1.3 options

       Options  for  RandR 1.3 are used as a superset of the options for RandR

              Return the current screen  configuration,  without  polling  for
              hardware changes.

              Don't define a primary output.

       Per-output options

              This  option sets the panning parameters.  As soon as panning is
              enabled, the CRTC position can change with every  pointer  move.
              The  first  four  parameters specify the total panning area, the
              next four the pointer tracking area (which defaults to the  same
              area).  The  last four parameters specify the border and default
              to 0. A width or height set to  zero  disables  panning  on  the
              according  axis.  You typically have to set the screen size with
              --fb simultaneously.

       --transform a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i
              Specifies a  transformation  matrix  to  apply  on  the  output.
              Automatically  a  bilinear filter is selected.  The mathematical
              form corresponds to:
                     a b c
                     d e f
                     g h i
              The transformation is  based  on  homogeneous  coordinates.  The
              matrix  multiplied  by  the  coordinate vector of a pixel of the
              output gives the transformed coordinate vector of a pixel in the
              graphic  buffer.  More precisely, the vector (x y) of the output
              pixel is extended to  3  values  (x  y  w),  with  1  as  the  w
              coordinate  and  multiplied against the matrix. The final device
              coordinates of the pixel are then calculated with the  so-called
              homogenic  division  by  the transformed w coordinate.  In other
              words, the device coordinates (x' y') of the  transformed  pixel
                     x' = (ax + by + c) / w'   and
                     y' = (dx + ey + f) / w'   ,
                     with  w' = (gx + hy + i)  .
              Typically,  a  and  e  corresponds to the scaling on the X and Y
              axes, c and f corresponds to the translation on those axes,  and
              g,  h, and i are respectively 0, 0 and 1. The matrix can also be
              used to express more complex transformations  such  as  keystone
              correction,  or  rotation.   For  a rotation of an angle T, this
              formula can be used:
                     cos T  -sin T   0
                     sin T   cos T   0
                      0       0      1
              As a special argument, instead of passing a matrix, one can pass
              the  string  none,  in which case the default values are used (a
              unit matrix without filter).

       --scale xxy
              Changes the dimensions of the output picture. Values superior to
              1 will lead to a compressed screen (screen dimension bigger than
              the dimension of the output mode), and values below 1 leads to a
              zoom  in  on  the  output.  This  option  is actually a shortcut
              version of the --transform option.

              Set the output as primary.  It will be sorted first in  Xinerama
              and RANDR geometry requests.

RandR version 1.2 options

       These  options are only available for X server supporting RandR version
       1.2 or newer.

       --prop, --properties
              This option causes xrandr to display the contents of  properties
              for each output. --verbose also enables --prop.

       --fb widthxheight
              Reconfigures  the  screen  to the specified size. All configured
              monitors must fit within this size.  When  this  option  is  not
              provided,  xrandr  computes  the  smallest screen size that will
              hold the set of configured outputs; this option provides  a  way
              to override that behaviour.

       --fbmm widthxheight
              Sets  the  reported  values for the physical size of the screen.
              Normally, xrandr resets the reported  physical  size  values  to
              keep the DPI constant.  This overrides that computation.

       --dpi dpi
              This  also sets the reported physical size values of the screen,
              it uses the  specified  DPI  value  to  compute  an  appropriate
              physical size using whatever pixel size will be set.

       --newmode name mode
              New  modelines  can  be  added to the server and then associated
              with  outputs.   This  option  does  the  former.  The  mode  is
              specified  using  the ModeLine syntax for xorg.conf: clock hdisp
              hsyncstart hsyncend  htotal  vdisp  vsyncstart  vsyncend  vtotal
              flags.  flags  can  be  zero  or more of +HSync, -HSync, +VSync,
              -VSync, Interlace, DoubleScan, CSync,  +CSync,  -CSync.  Several
              tools permit to compute the usual modeline from a height, width,
              and refresh rate, for instance you can use cvt.

       --rmmode name
              This removes a mode from the server if it is otherwise unused.

       --addmode output name
              Add a mode to the set of valid modes for an output.

       --delmode output name
              Remove a mode from the set of valid modes for an output.

       Per-output options

       --output output
              Selects an output to reconfigure. Use either  the  name  of  the
              output or the XID.

       --auto For  connected but disabled outputs, this will enable them using
              their preferred mode (or, something close to 96dpi if they  have
              no  preferred  mode). For disconnected but enabled outputs, this
              will disable them.

       --mode mode
              This selects a mode. Use either the name or the XID for mode

              This  selects  the  same  mode  as  --auto,   but   it   doesn't
              automatically enable or disable the output.

       --pos xxy
              Position  the  output within the screen using pixel coordinates.
              In case reflection or rotation is applied,  the  translation  is
              applied after the effects.

       --rate rate
              This marks a preference for refresh rates close to the specified
              value, when multiple modes have the same name, this will  select
              the one with the nearest refresh rate.

       --reflect reflection
              Reflection  can be one of 'normal' 'x', 'y' or 'xy'. This causes
              the output contents to be reflected across the specified axes.

       --rotate rotation
              Rotation can be one of 'normal', 'left', 'right' or  'inverted'.
              This  causes  the output contents to be rotated in the specified
              direction. 'right' specifies a clockwise rotation of the picture
              and 'left' specifies a counter-clockwise rotation.

       --left-of, --right-of, --above, --below, --same-as another-output
              Use  one of these options to position the output relative to the
              position of another output. This  allows  convenient  tiling  of
              outputs  within  the  screen.   The  position is always computed
              relative to the new position of the other output, so it  is  not
              valid to say --output a --left-of b --output b --left-of a.

       --set property value
              Sets  an output property. Integer properties may be specified as
              a valid (see --prop) decimal or hexadecimal (with a leading  0x)
              value. Atom properties may be set to any of the valid atoms (see
              --prop). String properties may be set to any value.

       --off  Disables the output.

       --crtc crtc
              Uses the specified crtc (either as an index in the list of CRTCs
              or XID).  In normal usage, this option is not required as xrandr
              tries to make sensible choices about which crtc to use with each
              output.  When  that  fails  for  some  reason,  this  option can
              override the normal selection.

       --gamma red:green:blue
              Set the specified floating point values as gamma  correction  on
              the crtc currently attached to this output. Note that you cannot
              get two different values for cloned outputs (i.e.:  which  share
              the  same  crtc)  and  that  switching an output to another crtc
              doesn't change the crtc gamma corrections at all.

       --brightness brightness
              Multiply the gamma values on the crtc currently attached to  the
              output  to specified floating value. Useful for overly bright or
              overly  dim  outputs.   However,  this  is   a   software   only
              modification,  if  your  hardware has support to actually change
              the brightness, you will probably prefer to use xbacklight.

RandR version 1.1 options

       These options are available for X servers supporting RandR version  1.1
       or  older.  They  are  still  valid for newer X servers, but they don't
       interact sensibly with version 1.2 options on the same command line.

       -s, --size size-index or --size widthxheight
              This sets the screen size, either matching by size or using  the
              index into the list of available sizes.

       -r, --rate, --refresh rate
              This sets the refresh rate closest to the specified value.

       -o, --orientation rotation
              This  specifies the orientation of the screen, and can be one of
              normal, inverted, left or right.

       -x     Reflect across the X axis.

       -y     Reflect across the Y axis.


       Sets an output called LVDS to its preferred mode, and on its right  put
       an  output  called  VGA  to  preferred  mode of a screen which has been
       physically rotated clockwise:
              xrandr --output LVDS --auto --rotate normal --pos  0x0  --output
              VGA --auto --rotate left --right-of LVDS

       Forces to use a 1024x768 mode on an output called VGA:
              xrandr  --newmode "1024x768" 63.50  1024 1072 1176 1328  768 771
              775 798 -hsync +vsync
              xrandr --addmode VGA 1024x768
              xrandr --output VGA --mode 1024x768

       Enables panning on a 1600x768 desktop while displaying 1024x768 mode on
       an output called VGA:
              xrandr  --fb  1600x768  --output  VGA  --mode 1024x768 --panning

       Have one small 1280x800 LVDS screen showing a small version of  a  huge
       3200x2000 desktop, and have a big VGA screen display the surrounding of
       the mouse at normal size.
              xrandr --fb 3200x2000 --output LVDS --scale 2.5x2.5 --output VGA
              --pos 0x0 --panning 3200x2000+0+0/3200x2000+0+0/64/64/64/64

       Displays  the  VGA  output  in  trapezoid  shape so that it is keystone
       corrected when the projector is slightly above the screen:
              xrandr    --fb     1024x768     --output     VGA     --transform


       Xrandr(3), cvt(1), xkeystone(1), xbacklight(1)


       Keith  Packard,  Open Source Technology Center, Intel Corporation.  and
       Jim Gettys, Cambridge Research Laboratory, HP Labs, HP.