Provided by: xstow_0.5.1-7ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       XStow - replacement for GNU Stow


       xstow        [OPTION ...] PACKAGE


       XStow is a replacement of GNU Stow (stow) written in C++. It supports all features of Stow
       with some extensions.

       XStow as GNU Stow, are programs for managing the installation of software packages,
       keeping them separate (/usr/local/stow/emacs vs. /usr/local/stow/perl, for example) while
       making them appear to be installed in the same place (/usr/local).


       xstow [OPTION ...] PACKAGE

       Install a package

               xstow foobar

       Uninstall package

               xstow -D foobar


       -dl -debug-level INT
         Set's the debug level. An unsigned integer is accepted. The default value is 0.

       -dm -debug-module [ALL|ARG|MAIN|TREE|CPPDIR]
         Filter messages from a specific module.

       -h -help
         Shows a help screen.

       -V -Version
         Displays XStows version number and supported features.

       -n -no
         Do not actually make changes

       -c -conflicts
         Scan for conflicts, implies -n.

       -s -simulate
         Simulate installation. If this option is set permission problems will be ignored and
         -verbose will be set to 1.

       -d -dir DIR
         Set stow dir to DIR. The default is the current directory.

       -t -target DIR
         Set target to DIR. The default is the parent of the stow directory.

       -v -verbose [0|1|2|3]
         Increase verboseness. Possible levels are 0,1,2 or 3. Simple setting -v or -verbose adds

       -D -delete
         Unstow instead of stow. Deinstall the package.

       -R -restow
         The same like -delete followed by an reinstall.

       -ap -absolute-path
         Create symlinks with absolute path names. XStow can always handle packages which were
         installed with this option. Installing one package with absolute path names and one
         without is no problem. Only the creation of the symlinks will be affected by this
         option. This will cause that if one package is installed with this option and one
         without, some of the symlinks of the first package, when they have to be recreated will
         be recreated as relative ones. It is not good idea doing this, even XStow does not have
         any problems with it.  Warning: Breaks compatibility with Stow!

       -tr -traversable LINKS
         A list of links pointing to directories, that can be ignored.  eg.: /usr/local/man is a
         link to /usr/local/share/man Warning: Breaks compatibility with Stow!

       -tkt -tr-keep-targets
         Add the list of traversable links also to the keep targets list. This prevents the
         targets of the links from beeing removed by XStow, which would cause that the
         traversable link becomes a dead link.

       -tre -tr-auto PATTERN
         Automatically add links which target matches this pattern.

       -tre -tr-auto-regex REGEX
         Automatically add links which target matches this pattern.

       kd -keep-dirs DIR
         A list of directories, that should not be removed when a package will be removed.
         Warning: Breaks compatibility with Stow!

       -i -ignore PATTERN
         Ignore files that matches this pattern.

       -ire -ignore-regex REGEX
         Ignore files that matches this expression.

       -ni -nignore PATTERN
         Ignore everything except file and directories matching this expression. eg:
         "systree/bintree systree/headertree".  For using nignore support fnmatch and
         configration file support has to be enabled. For more details see xstow.ini(5).

       -cp -copy PATTERN
         Copy files or directories that matching this pattern.

       -cre -copy-regex REGEX
         Copy files or directories that matching this expression.

       -sd -stow-dirs DIR
         A list of other stow dirs, that xstow is allowed change

       -sda -sd-auto PATTERN
         Automatically add directories to the list when matching this expression.

       -sde -sd-auto-regex REGEX
         Automatically add directories to the list when matching this expression.

       -pd -protect-dirs DIR
         A list of other dirs, that xstow is not allowed change

       -pda -pd-auto PATTERN
         Automatically add directories to the list when matching this expression.

       -pde -pd-auto-regex REGEX
         Automatically add directories to the list when matching this expression.

       -pdt -pd-targets DIRS
         A list of dirs, xstow is allowed to change.

       -pta -pdt-add-traversable DIRS
         Automatically add the targets of traversable links to the targets list.

       -f -force
         Skip conflicts if possible.

       -C -no-curses
         Do not detect the terminal width by using curses.  There is more description at the
         environment variable section.

       -F file
         Read this configuration file too.


       0 On success.

       1 On a missspelled call of stow.

       2 If an internal error occours. This does not include if stowing a package fails. If a
         package cannot be installed 0 is returned.

       3 Installing the package failed of some reason.


       Since the debugging of the command line parsing can be hard if the debugging level is set
       by the command line there are two evironment variables:

         Same as the -debug-level option.

         Same as the -debug-module option.

         Both values will be overwritten by the settings of the command line, after the command
         line was parsed.

         Same as the -no-curses option.

         In later versions xstow tried detecting the terminal width and height, by default at the
         startup routine. Even if this value is only used by the help screen. The result was:

             $ TERM="" xstow
             Error opening terminal: unknown.

         The error message is reported by the ncurses lib. This can cause problems if you wan't
         start xstow as a cron job.  Now xstow tries detecting the terminal width not in it's
         startup, but when the help screen is printed out. As an extra option you can set the
         environment variable XSTOW_USE_CURSES="0" this will tell xstow not using curses anyway.


       The configuration file xstow.ini can be located in /etc and/or in the current stow
       directory. For possible settings and syntax of this file see xstow.ini(5)

       In this manpage there are some detailed informations of some special settings of XStow
       too. Please read it!


   Common Usage
       As an example we install the ixlib library into the /usr/local/ tree.

               tar xvfz ixlib-0.96.2.tar.gz
               cd ixlib-0.96.2

       So far, this was business as usual.

       Note: by default the configure script prepares the application for beeing installed into
       /usr/local/. Have a look at configure --help for more info.

       Now installation is done by not installing ixlib directly into /usr/local/, we install it
       into /usr/local/stow/ixlib-0.96.2/.

               make install prefix=/usr/local/stow/ixlib-0.96.2/

       The last point is creating all necessare symlinks so that ixlib's include files can be
       found by the compiler in /usr/local/include. Therefore we are using xstow.

               cd /usr/local/stow
               xstow ixlib-0.96.2

       And all symlinks will be created.

   Installing XStow by using XStow
       After calling the configure script and make, XStow is installed into the stow directory as
       I showed it in the upper example.

               make install prefix=/usr/local/stow/xstow-0.1.0

       Then you switch to the stow directory and call XStow

               cd /usr/local/stow
               xstow-0.1.0/bin/xstow xstow-0.1.0

       That is it.


   Link Creation
       By default XStow is fully Stow compatible. The usage of some of the advanced features can
       cause that Stow cannot handle the tree any more.

   Command Line Options
       XStow supports all command line options of Stow. Even it's format.

       Eg.:      xstow --verbose=2 foobar


       There are some nitty gritty cases, but no known bugs.


       Stow requires Perl. But what's on systems where no Perl is available, or not yet
       installed? I tried compiling Stow with perlcc, but it failed.


       XStow was written by Martin Oberzalek <>.


       XStow a replacement of GNU Stow written in C++.

       Copyright (C) 2002-2003 by Martin Oberzalek <>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139,


       xstow.ini(5) stow(1)

       GNU Stow has an excelent documentation. Have a look at the manual.