Provided by: yaz_4.2.18-1build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       yaz-client - Z39.50/SRU client for implementors

SYNOPSIS

       yaz-client [-a apdulog] [-b berdump] [-c cclfile] [-d dump] [-f cmdfile] [-k size]
                  [-m marclog] [-p proxy-addr] [-q cqlfile] [-t dispcharset] [-u auth]
                  [-v loglevel] [-V] [-x] [server-addr]

DESCRIPTION

       yaz-client is a Z39.50[1]/SRU[2] client (origin) with a simple command line interface that
       allows you to test behavior and performance of Z39.50 targets and SRU servers.

       From YAZ version 4.1.0 yaz-client may also operate as a SOLR[3] Web Service client.

       If the server-addr is specified, the client creates a connection to the Z39.50/SRU target
       at the address given.

       When yaz-client is started it tries to read commands from one of the following files:

       ·   Command file if it is given by option -f.

       ·    .yazclientrc in current working directory.

       ·    .yazclientrc in the user's home directory. The value of the HOME is used to determine
           the home directory. Normally, HOME is only set on POSIX systems such as Linux,
           FreeBSD, Solaris.

OPTIONS

       -a filename
           If specified, logging of protocol packages will be appended file given. If filename is
           specified as -, the output is written to stdout.

       -b filename
           If specified, YAZ will dump BER data in readable notation to the file specified. If
           filename is specified as - the output is written to stdout.

       -c filename
           If specified, CCL configuration will be read from the file given.

       -d dump
           If specified, YAZ will dump BER data for all PDUs sent and received to individual
           files, named dump.DDD.raw, where DDD is 001, 002, 003, ..

       -f cmdfile
           Reads commands from cmdfile. When this option is used, YAZ client does not read
           .yazclientrc from current directory or home directory.

       -k size
           Sets preferred messages and maximum record size for Initialize Request in kilobytes.
           Default value is 1024 (1 MB).

       -m filename
           If specified, retrieved records will be appended to the file given.

       -p proxy-addr
           If specified, the client will use the proxy at the address given. YAZ client will
           connect to a proxy on the address and port given. The actual target will be specified
           as part of the InitRequest to inform the proxy about actual target.

       -q filename
           If specified, CQL configuration will be read from the file given.

       -t displaycharset
           If displaycharset is given, it specifies name of the character set of the output (on
           the terminal on which YAZ client is running).

       -u auth
           If specified, the auth string will be used for authentication.

       -v level
           Sets the LOG level to level. Level is a sequence of tokens separated by comma. Each
           token is a integer or a named LOG item - one of fatal, debug, warn, log, malloc, all,
           none.

       -V
           Prints YAZ version.

       -x
           Makes the YAZ client print hex dumps of packages sent and received on standard output.

COMMANDS

       The YAZ client accepts the following commands.

       open zurl
           Opens a connection to a server. The syntax for zurl is the same as described above for
           connecting from the command line.

           Syntax:

           [(tcp|ssl|unix|http)':']host [:port][/base]

       quit
           Quits YAZ client

       find query
           Sends a Search Request using the query given. By default the query is assumed to be
           PQF. See command querytype for more information.

       delete setname
           Deletes result set with name setname on the server.

       base base1 base2 ...
           Sets the name(s) of the database(s) to search. One or more databases may be specified
           separated by blanks. This commands overrides the database given in zurl.

       show [start[+number]]
           Fetches records by sending a Present Request from the start position given by start a
           number of records given by number. If start is not given, then the client will fetch
           from position of the last retrieved record plus 1. If number is not given, then one
           record will be fetched at a time.

       scan term
           Scans database index for a term. The syntax resembles the syntax for find. If you want
           to scan for the word water you could write

                   scan water

           but if you want to scan only in, say the title field, you would write

                   scan @attr 1=4 water

       setscan set term
           Scans database index for a term within a result set. This is similar to the scan
           command but has a result set as its first argument.

       scanpos pos
           Sets preferred position for scan. This value is used in next scan. By default position
           is 1.

       scansize size
           Sets number of entries to be returned by scan. Default number of entries is 20.

       scanstep step
           Set step-size for scan. This value is used in next scan sent to the target. By default
           step-size is 0.

       sort sortspecs
           Sorts a result set. The sort command takes a sequence of space-separated sort
           specifications, with each sort specification consisting of two space-separated words
           (so that the whole specification list is made up of an even number of words). The
           first word of each specification holds a field (sort criterion) and the second holds
           flags. If the sort criterion includes = it is assumed that the SortKey is of type
           sortAttributes using Bib-1: in this case the integer before = is the attribute type
           and the integer following = is the attribute value. If no = is in the criterion it is
           treated as a sortfield of type InternationalString. The flags word of each sort
           specification must consist of s for case sensitive or i for case insensitive, and <
           for ascending order or > for descending order.

       sort+
           Same as sort but stores the sorted result set in a new result set.

       authentication openauth
           Sets up a authentication string if a server requires authentication (v2 OpenStyle).
           The authentication string is first sent to the server when the open command is issued
           and the Z39.50 Initialize Request is sent, so this command must be used before open in
           order to be effective. A common convention for the authopen string is that the
           username - and password is separated by a slash, e.g.  myusername/mysecret.

       sru method version
           Selects Web Service method and version. Must be one of POST, GET, SOAP (default) or
           SOLR. Version should be either 1.1 or 1.2 for SRU. Other versions are allowed - for
           testing purposes (version negotiation with SRU server). The version is currently not
           used for SOLR Web Services

       list_all
           This command displays status and values for many settings.

       lslb n
           Sets the limit for when no records should be returned together with the search result.
           See the Z39.50 standard on set bounds[4] for more details.

       ssub n
           Sets the limit for when all records should be returned with the search result. See the
           Z39.50 standard on set bounds[4] for more details.

       mspn n
           Sets the number of records should be returned if the number of records in the result
           set is between the values of lslb and ssub. See the Z39.50 standard on set bounds[4]
           for more details.

       status
           Displays the values of lslb, ssub and mspn.

       setname
           Switches named result sets on and off. Default is on.

       cancel
           Sends a Trigger Resource Control Request to the target.

       format oid
           Sets the preferred transfer syntax for retrieved records. yaz-client supports all the
           record syntaxes that currently are registered. See Z39.50 Record Syntax Identifiers[5]
           for more details. Commonly used records syntaxes include usmarc, sutrs and xml.

       elements e
           Sets the element set name for the records. Many targets support element sets are B
           (for brief) and F (for full).

       close
           Sends a Z39.50 Close APDU and closes connection with the peer

       querytype type
           Sets the query type as used by command find. The following is supported: prefix for
           Prefix Query Notation (Type-1 Query); ccl for CCL search (Type-2 Query), cql for CQL
           (Type-104 search with CQL OID), ccl2rpn for CCL to RPN conversion (Type-1 Query).
           cql2rpn for CQL to RPN conversion (Type-1 Query).

       attributeset set
           Sets attribute set OID for prefix queries (RPN, Type-1).

       refid id
           Sets reference ID for Z39.50 Request(s).

       itemorder type no
           Sends an Item Order Request using the ILL External.  type is either 1 or 2 which
           corresponds to ILL-Profile 1 and 2 respectively. The no is the Result Set position of
           the record to be ordered.

       update action recid doc
           Sends Item Update Request. The action argument must be the action type: one of insert,
           replace, delete and update. The second argument, recid, is the record identifier (any
           string). Third argument which is optional is the record document for the request. If
           doc is preceded with "<", then the following characters are treated as a filename with
           the records to be updated. Otherwise doc is treated as a document itself. The doc may
           also be quited in double quotes. If doc is omitted, the last received record (as part
           of present response or piggybacked search response) is used for the update.

       source filename
           Executes list of commands from file filename, just like source on most UNIX shells. A
           single dot (.) can be used as an alternative.

       ! args
           Executes command args in subshell using the system call.

       push_command command
           The push_command takes another command as its argument. That command is then added to
           the history information (so you can retrieve it later). The command itself is not
           executed. This command only works if you have GNU readline/history enabled.

       set_apdufile filename
           Sets that APDU should be logged to file filename. Another way to achieve APDU log is
           by using command-line option -a.

       set_auto_reconnect flag
           Specifies whether YAZ client automatically reconnect if target closes connection
           (Z39.50 only).

           flag must be either on or off.

       set_auto_wait flag
           Specifies whether YAZ client should wait for response protocol packages after a
           request. By default YAZ client waits (on) for response packages immediately after a
           command (find, show) has been issued. If off is used, YAZ client does not attempt to
           receive packages automatically. These will have to be manually received when command
           wait_response is used.

           flag must be either on or off.

       set_marcdump filename
           Specifies that all retrieved records should be appended to file filename. This command
           does the thing as option -m.

       schema schemaid
           Specifies schema for retrieval. Schema may be specified as an OID for Z39.50. For SRU,
           schema is a simple string URI.

       charset negotiationcharset [displaycharset] [[marccharset]]
           Specifies character set (encoding) for Z39.50 negotiation / SRU encoding and/or
           character set for output (terminal).

           negotiationcharset is the name of the character set to be negotiated by the server.
           The special name - for negotiationcharset specifies no character set to be negotiated.

           If displaycharset is given, it specifies name of the character set of the output (on
           the terminal on which YAZ client is running). To disable conversion of characters to
           the output encoding, the special name - (dash) can be used. If the special name auto
           is given, YAZ client will convert strings to the encoding of the terminal as returned
           by nl_langinfo call.

           If marcharset is given, it specifies name of the character set of retrieved MARC
           records from server. See also marcharset command.

               Note
               Since character set negotiation takes effect in the Z39.50 Initialize Request you
               should issue this command before command open is used.

               Note
               MARC records are not covered by Z39.50 character set negotiation, so that's why
               there is a separate character that must be known in order to do meaningful
               conversion(s).

       negcharset charset
           Specifies character set for negotiation (Z39.50). The argument is the same as second
           argument for command charset.

       displaycharset charset
           Specifies character set for output (display). The argument is the same as second
           argument for command charset.

       marccharset charset
           Specifies character set for retrieved MARC records so that YAZ client can display them
           in a character suitable for your display. See charset command. If auto is given, YAZ
           will assume that MARC21/USMARC is using MARC8/UTF8 and ISO-8859-1 for all other MARC
           variants. The charset argument is the same as third argument for command charset.

       querycharset charset
           Specifies character set for query terms for Z39.50 RPN queries and Z39.50 Scan
           Requests (termListAndStartPoint). This is a pure client-side conversion which converts
           from displayCharset to queryCharset.

       set_cclfile filename
           Specifies that CCL fields should be read from file file filename. This command does
           the thing as option -c.

       set_cqlfile filename
           Specifies that CQL fields should be read from file file filename. This command does
           the thing as option -q.

       register_oid name class OID
           This command allows you to register your own object identifier - so that instead of
           entering a long dot-notation you can use a short name instead. The name is your name
           for the OID, class is the class, and OID is the raw OID in dot notation. Class is one
           appctx, absyn, attet, transyn, diagset, recsyn, resform, accform, extserv, userinfo,
           elemspec, varset, schema, tagset, general. If you're in doubt use the general class.

       register_tab command string
           This command registers a TAB completion string for the command given.

       sleep seconds
           This command makes YAZ client sleep (be idle) for the number of seconds given.

       wait_response [ number]
           This command makes YAZ client wait for a number of response packages from target. If
           number is omitted, 1 is assumed.

           This command is rarely used and is only useful if command set_auto_wait is set to off.

       xmles OID doc
           Sends XML Extended Services request using the OID and doc given.

       zversion ver
           This command sets Z39.50 version for negotiation. Should be used before open. By
           default 3 (version 3) is used.

       options op1 op2..
           This command sets Z39.50 options for negotiation. Should be used before open.

           The following options are supported: search, present, delSet, resourceReport,
           triggerResourceCtrl, resourceCtrl, accessCtrl, scan, sort, extendedServices,
           level_1Segmentation, level_2Segmentation, concurrentOperations, namedResultSets,
           encapsulation, resultCount, negotiationModel, duplicationDetection, queryType104,
           pQESCorrection, stringSchema.

EXAMPLE

       The simplest example of a Prefix Query would be something like

               f knuth

       or

               f "donald knuth"

       In those queries no attributes was specified. This leaves it up to the server what fields
       to search but most servers will search in all fields. Some servers does not support this
       feature though, and require that some attributes are defined. To add one attribute you
       could do:

               f @attr 1=4 computer

       where we search in the title field, since the use(1) is title(4). If we want to search in
       the author field and in the title field, and in the title field using right truncation it
       could look something like this:

               f @and @attr 1=1003 knuth @attr 1=4 @attr 5=1 computer

       Finally using a mix of Bib-1 and GILS attributes could look something like this:

               f @attrset Bib-1 @and @attr GILS 1=2008 Washington @attr 1=21 weather

FILES

       yaz-<version>/client/client.c

       $HOME/.yazclientrc

       $HOME/.yazclient.history

SEE ALSO

       yaz(7) bib1-attr(7)

NOTES

        1. Z39.50
           http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/

        2. SRU
           http://www.loc.gov/standards/sru/

        3. SOLR
           http://lucene.apache.org/solr/

        4. Z39.50 standard on set bounds
           http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/markup/04.html#3.2.2.1.6

        5. Z39.50 Record Syntax Identifiers
           http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/defns/oids.html#5