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NAME

     setpgid, setpgrp — set process group

LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     setpgid(pid_t pid, pid_t pgrp);

     int
     setpgrp(pid_t pid, pid_t pgrp);

DESCRIPTION

     The setpgid() system call sets the process group of the specified process pid to the
     specified pgrp.  If pid is zero, then the call applies to the current process.

     If the affected process is not the invoking process, then it must be a child of the invoking
     process, it must not have performed an exec(3) operation, and both processes must be in the
     same session.  The requested process group ID must already exist in the session of the
     caller, or it must be equal to the target process ID.

RETURN VALUES

     The setpgid() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned
     and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.

COMPATIBILITY

     The setpgrp() system call is identical to setpgid(), and is retained for calling convention
     compatibility with historical versions of BSD.

ERRORS

     The setpgid() system call will fail and the process group will not be altered if:

     [EINVAL]           The requested process group ID is not legal.

     [ESRCH]            The requested process does not exist.

     [ESRCH]            The target process is not the calling process or a child of the calling
                        process.

     [EACCES]           The requested process is a child of the calling process, but it has
                        performed an exec(3) operation.

     [EPERM]            The target process is a session leader.

     [EPERM]            The requested process group ID is not in the session of the caller, and
                        it is not equal to the process ID of the target process.

SEE ALSO

     getpgrp(2)

STANDARDS

     The setpgid() system call is expected to conform to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (“POSIX.1”).