Provided by: manpages-dev_3.35-0.1ubuntu1_all
subpage_prot - define a subpage protection for an address range
long subpage_prot(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
The PowerPC-specific subpage_prot() system call provides the facility
to control the access permissions on individual 4kB subpages on systems
configured with a page size of 64kB.
The protection map is applied to the memory pages in the region
starting at addr and continuing for len bytes. Both of these arguments
must be aligned to a 64-kB boundary.
The protection map is specified in the buffer pointed to by map. The
map has 2 bits per 4kB subpage; thus each 32-bit word specifies the
protections of 16 4kB subpages inside a 64kB page (so, the number of
32-bit words pointed to by map should equate to the number of 64-kB
pages specified by len). Each 2-bit field in the protection map is
either 0 to allow any access, 1 to prevent writes, or 2 or 3 to prevent
On success, subpage_prot() returns 0. Otherwise, one of the error
codes specified below is returned.
EFAULT The buffer referred to by map is not accessible.
EINVAL The addr or len arguments are incorrect. Both of these
arguments must be aligned to a multiple of the system page size,
and they must not refer to a region outside of the address space
of the process or to a region that consists of huge pages.
ENOMEM Out of memory.
This system call is provided on the PowerPC architecture since Linux
2.6.25. The system call is provided only if the kernel is configured
with CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES. No library support is provided.
This system call is Linux-specific.
Normal page protections (at the 64-kB page level) also apply; the
subpage protection mechanism is an additional constraint, so putting 0
in a 2-bit field won't allow writes to a page that is otherwise write-
This system call is provided to assist writing emulators that operate
using 64-kB pages on PowerPC systems. When emulating systems such as
x86, which uses a smaller page size, the emulator can no longer use the
memory-management unit (MMU) and normal system calls for controlling
page protections. (The emulator could emulate the MMU by checking and
possibly remapping the address for each memory access in software, but
that is slow.) The idea is that the emulator supplies an array of
protection masks to apply to a specified range of virtual addresses.
These masks are applied at the level where hardware page-table entries
(PTEs) are inserted into the hardware page table based on the Linux
PTEs, so the Linux PTEs are not affected. Implicit in this is that the
regions of the address space that are protected are switched to use
4-kB hardware pages rather than 64-kB hardware pages (on machines with
hardware 64-kB page support).
the kernel source file Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt.
This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project. A
description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.