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NAME

       sync_file_range - sync a file segment with disk

SYNOPSIS

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <fcntl.h>

       int sync_file_range(int fd, off64_t offset, off64_t nbytes,
                           unsigned int flags);

DESCRIPTION

       sync_file_range() permits fine control when synchronizing the open file referred to by the
       file descriptor fd with disk.

       offset is the starting byte of the file range to be synchronized.   nbytes  specifies  the
       length  of  the range to be synchronized, in bytes; if nbytes is zero, then all bytes from
       offset through to the end of file are synchronized.  Synchronization is in  units  of  the
       system  page size: offset is rounded down to a page boundary; (offset+nbytes-1) is rounded
       up to a page boundary.

       The flags bit-mask argument can include any of the following values:

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE
              Wait upon write-out of all pages in the specified  range  that  have  already  been
              submitted to the device driver for write-out before performing any write.

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE
              Initiate  write-out  of  all  dirty  pages  in  the  specified  range which are not
              presently submitted write-out.  Note that even this may block  if  you  attempt  to
              write more than request queue size.

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER
              Wait upon write-out of all pages in the range after performing any write.

       Specifying flags as 0 is permitted, as a no-op.

   Warning
       This system call is extremely dangerous and should not be used in portable programs.  None
       of these operations writes out the file's metadata.  Therefore, unless the application  is
       strictly   performing  overwrites  of  already-instantiated  disk  blocks,  there  are  no
       guarantees that the data will be available after a crash.  There is no user  interface  to
       know  if  a  write  is purely an overwrite.  On file systems using copy-on-write semantics
       (e.g., btrfs) an overwrite of existing allocated blocks is impossible.  When writing  into
       preallocated  space,  many file systems also require calls into the block allocator, which
       this system call does not sync out to disk.  This system call does not  flush  disk  write
       caches  and  thus  does not provide any data integrity on systems with volatile disk write
       caches.

   Some details
       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE and SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER will detect any I/O  errors  or
       ENOSPC conditions and will return these to the caller.

       Useful combinations of the flags bits are:

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE | SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE
              Ensures   that   all   pages   in   the  specified  range  which  were  dirty  when
              sync_file_range() was called are placed under write-out.  This  is  a  start-write-
              for-data-integrity operation.

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE
              Start  write-out  of all dirty pages in the specified range which are not presently
              under write-out.  This is an asynchronous flush-to-disk  operation.   This  is  not
              suitable for data integrity operations.

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE (or SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER)
              Wait  for completion of write-out of all pages in the specified range.  This can be
              used after an earlier SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE | SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE operation
              to wait for completion of that operation, and obtain its result.

       SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE | SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE | SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER
              This is a write-for-data-integrity operation that will ensure that all pages in the
              specified range which were dirty when sync_file_range() was called are committed to
              disk.

RETURN VALUE

       On  success,  sync_file_range()  returns  0; on failure -1 is returned and errno is set to
       indicate the error.

ERRORS

       EBADF  fd is not a valid file descriptor.

       EINVAL flags specifies an invalid bit; or offset or nbytes is invalid.

       EIO    I/O error.

       ENOMEM Out of memory.

       ENOSPC Out of disk space.

       ESPIPE fd refers to something other than a regular file, a block device, a directory, or a
              symbolic link.

VERSIONS

       sync_file_range() appeared on Linux in kernel 2.6.17.

CONFORMING TO

       This system call is Linux-specific, and should be avoided in portable programs.

NOTES

       Some  architectures (e.g., PowerPC, ARM) need 64-bit arguments to be aligned in a suitable
       pair of registers.  On such architectures, the  call  signature  of  sync_file_range()  is
       flawed,  since  it  forces  a  register  to be wasted as padding between the fd and offset
       arguments.  Therefore, these architectures define a different system call that orders  the
       arguments suitably:

           int sync_file_range2(int fd, unsigned int flags,
                                off64_t offset, off64_t nbytes);

       The behavior of this system call is otherwise exactly the same as sync_file_range().

       A  system call with this signature first appeared on the ARM architecture in Linux 2.6.20,
       with the name arm_sync_file_range().  It was renamed in Linux 2.6.22, when  the  analogous
       system  call  was  added  for  PowerPC.  On architectures where glibc support is provided,
       glibc transparently wraps sync_file_range2() under the name sync_file_range().

SEE ALSO

       fdatasync(2), fsync(2), msync(2), sync(2)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-
       pages/.