Provided by: libapache2-mod-perl2_2.0.5-5ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       APR::Bucket - Perl API for manipulating APR Buckets

Synopsis

         use APR::Bucket ();
         my $ba = $c->bucket_alloc;

         $b1 = APR::Bucket->new($ba, "aaa");
         $b2 = APR::Bucket::eos_create($ba);
         $b3 = APR::Bucket::flush_create($ba);

         $b2->is_eos;
         $b3->is_flush;

         $len = $b1->length;
         $len = $b1->read($data);
         $type = $b1->type;

         $b1->insert_after($b2);
         $b1->insert_before($b3);
         $b1->remove;
         $b1->destroy;

         $b2->delete; # remove+destroy

         $b4 = APR::Bucket->new($ba, "to be setaside");
         $b4->setaside($pool);

Description

       "APR::Bucket" allows you to create, manipulate and delete APR buckets.

       You will probably find the various insert methods confusing, the tip is to read the
       function right to left. The following code sample helps to visualize the operations:

         my $bb = APR::Brigade->new($r->pool, $ba);
         my $d1 = APR::Bucket->new($ba, "d1");
         my $d2 = APR::Bucket->new($ba, "d2");
         my $f1 = APR::Bucket::flush_create($ba);
         my $f2 = APR::Bucket::flush_create($ba);
         my $e1 = APR::Bucket::eos_create($ba);
                                  # head->tail
         $bb->insert_head(  $d1); # head->d1->tail
         $d1->insert_after( $d2); # head->d1->d2->tail
         $d2->insert_before($f1); # head->d1->f1->d2->tail
         $d2->insert_after( $f2); # head->d1->f1->d2->f2->tail
         $bb->insert_tail(  $e1); # head->d1->f1->d2->f2->e1->tail

API

       "APR::Bucket" provides the following functions and/or methods:

   "delete"
       Tell the bucket to remove itself from the bucket brigade it belongs to, and destroy
       itself.

         $bucket->delete();

       obj: $bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       If the bucket is not attached to any bucket brigade then this operation just destroys the
       bucket.

       "delete" is a convenience wrapper, internally doing:

         $b->remove;
         $b->destroy;

       Examples:

       Assuming that $bb already exists and filled with buckets, replace the existing data
       buckets with new buckets with upcased data;

         for (my $b = $bb->first; $b; $b = $bb->next($b)) {
            if ($b->read(my $data)) {
                 my $nb = APR::Bucket->new($bb->bucket_alloc, uc $data);
                 $b->insert_before($nb);
                 $b->delete;
                 $b = $nb;
             }
         }

   "destroy"
       Free the resources used by a bucket. If multiple buckets refer to the same resource it is
       freed when the last one goes away.

         $bucket->destroy();

       obj: $bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       A bucket needs to be destroyed if it was removed from a bucket brigade, to avoid memory
       leak.

       If a bucket is linked to a bucket brigade, it needs to be removed from it, before it can
       be destroyed.

       Usually instead of calling:

         $b->remove;
         $b->destroy;

       it's better to call "delete" which does exactly that.

   "eos_create"
       Create an EndOfStream bucket.

         $b = APR::Bucket::eos_create($ba);

       arg1: $ba ( "APR::BucketAlloc object" )
           The freelist from which this bucket should be allocated

       ret: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The new bucket

       since: 2.0.00

       This bucket type indicates that there is no more data coming from down the filter stack.
       All filters should flush any buffered data at this point.

       Example:

         use APR::Bucket ();
         use Apache2::Connection ();
         my $ba = $c->bucket_alloc;
         my $eos_b = APR::Bucket::eos_create($ba);

   "flush_create"
       Create a flush bucket.

         $b = APR::Bucket::flush_create($ba);

       arg1: $ba ( "APR::BucketAlloc object" )
           The freelist from which this bucket should be allocated

       ret: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The new bucket

       since: 2.0.00

       This bucket type indicates that filters should flush their data.  There is no guarantee
       that they will flush it, but this is the best we can do.

   "insert_after"
       Insert a list of buckets after a specified bucket

         $after_bucket->insert_after($add_bucket);

       obj: $after_bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The bucket to insert after

       arg1: $add_bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The buckets to insert. It says buckets, since $add_bucket may have more buckets
           attached after itself.

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

   "insert_before"
       Insert a list of buckets before a specified bucket

         $before_bucket->insert_before($add_bucket);

       obj: $before_bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The bucket to insert before

       arg1: $add_bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The buckets to insert. It says buckets, since $add_bucket may have more buckets
           attached after itself.

       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

   "is_eos"
       Determine if a bucket is an EOS bucket

         $ret = $bucket->is_eos();

       obj: $bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $ret ( boolean )
       since: 2.0.00

   "is_flush"
       Determine if a bucket is a FLUSH bucket

         $ret = $bucket->is_flush();

       obj: $bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $ret ( boolean )
       since: 2.0.00

   "length"
       Get the length of the data in the bucket.

         $len = $b->length;

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $len ( integer )
           If the length is unknown, $len value will be -1.

       since: 2.0.00

   "new"
       Create a new bucket and initialize it with data:

         $nb = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data);
         $nb =          $b->new($ba, $data);
         $nb = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data, $offset);
         $nb = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data, $offset, $len);

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object or class" )
       arg1: $ba ( "APR::BucketAlloc object" )
       arg2: $data ( string )
           The data to initialize with.

           Important: in order to avoid unnecessary data copying the variable is stored in the
           bucket object. That means that if you modify $data after passing it to "new()" you
           will modify the data in the bucket as well. To avoid that pass to "new()" a copy which
           you won't modify.

       opt arg3: $offset ( number )
           Optional offset inside $data. Default: 0.

       opt arg4: $len ( number )
           Optional partial length to read.

           If $offset is specified, then:

             length $buffer - $offset;

           will be used. Otherwise the default is to use:

             length $buffer;

       ret: $nb ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           a newly created bucket object

       since: 2.0.00

       Examples:

       ·   Create a new bucket using a whole string:

             use APR::Bucket ();
             my $data = "my data";
             my $b = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data);

           now the bucket contains the string 'my data'.

       ·   Create a new bucket using a sub-string:

             use APR::Bucket ();
             my $data   = "my data";
             my $offset = 3;
             my $b = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data, $offset);

           now the bucket contains the string 'data'.

       ·   Create a new bucket not using the whole length and starting from an offset:

             use APR::Bucket ();
             my $data   = "my data";
             my $offset = 3;
             my $len    = 3;
             my $b = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data, $offset, $len);

           now the bucket contains the string 'dat'.

   "read"
       Read the data from the bucket.

         $len = $b->read($buffer);
         $len = $b->read($buffer, $block);

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
           The bucket to read from

       arg1: $buffer ( SCALAR )
           The buffer to fill. All previous data will be lost.

       opt arg2: $block ( "APR::Const :read_type constant" )
           optional reading mode constant.

           By default the read is blocking, via "APR::Const::BLOCK_READ constant".

       ret: $len ( number )
           How many bytes were actually read

           $buffer gets populated with the string that is read. It will contain an empty string
           if there was nothing to read.

       since: 2.0.00
       excpt: "APR::Error"

       It's important to know that certain bucket types (e.g. file bucket), may perform a split
       and insert extra buckets following the current one. Therefore never call "$b->remove",
       before calling "$b->read", or you may lose data.

       Examples:

       Blocking read:

         my $len = $b->read(my $buffer);

       Non-blocking read:

         use APR::Const -compile 'NONBLOCK_READ';
         my $len = $b->read(my $buffer, APR::Const::NONBLOCK_READ);

   "remove"
       Tell the bucket to remove itself from the bucket brigade it belongs to.

         $bucket->remove();

       obj: $bucket ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: no return value
       since: 2.0.00

       If the bucket is not attached to any bucket brigade then this operation doesn't do
       anything.

       When the bucket is removed, it's not not destroyed. Usually this is done in order to move
       the bucket to another bucket brigade. Or to copy the data way before destroying the
       bucket.  If the bucket wasn't moved to another bucket brigade it must be destroyed.

       Examples:

       Assuming that $bb1 already exists and filled with buckets, move every odd bucket number to
       $bb2 and every even to $bb3:

         my $bb2 = APR::Brigade->new($c->pool, $c->bucket_alloc);
         my $bb3 = APR::Brigade->new($c->pool, $c->bucket_alloc);
         my $count = 0;
         while (my $bucket = $bb->first) {
             $count++;
             $bucket->remove;
             $count % 2
                 ? $bb2->insert_tail($bucket)
                 : $bb3->insert_tail($bucket);
         }

   "setaside"
       Ensure the bucket's data lasts at least as long as the given pool:

         my $status = $b->setaside($pool);

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       arg1: $pool ( "APR::Pool object" )
       ret: ( "APR::Const status constant" )
           On success, "APR::Const::SUCCESS" is returned. Otherwise a failure code is returned.

       excpt: "APR::Error"
           when your code deals only with mod_perl buckets, you don't have to ask for the return
           value. If this method is called in the "VOID" context, i.e.:

             $b->setaside($pool);

           mod_perl will do the error checking on your behalf, and if the return code is not
           "APR::Const::SUCCESS", an "APR::Error exception" will be thrown.

           However if your code doesn't know which bucket types it may need to setaside, you may
           want to check the return code and deal with any errors. For example one of the
           possible error codes is "APR::Const::ENOTIMPL". As of this writing the pipe and socket
           buckets can't "setaside()", in which case you may want to look at the
           "ap_save_brigade()" implementation.

       since: 2.0.00

       Usually setaside is called by certain output filters, in order to buffer socket writes of
       smaller buckets into a single write. This method works on all bucket types (not only the
       mod_perl bucket type), but as explained in the exceptions section, not all bucket types
       implement this method.

       When a mod_perl bucket is setaside, its data is detached from the original perl scalar and
       copied into a pool bucket. That allows downstream filters to deal with the data originally
       owned by a Perl interpreter, making it possible for that interpreter to go away and do
       other things, or be destroyed.

   "type"
       Get the type of the data in the bucket.

         $type = $b->type;

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $type ( "APR::BucketType object" )
       since: 2.0.00

       You need to invoke "APR::BucketType" methods to access the data.

       Example:

       Create a flush bucket and read its type's name:

         use APR::Bucket ();
         use APR::BucketType ();
         my $b = APR::Bucket::flush_create($ba);
         my $type = $b->type;
         my $type_name =  $type->name; # FLUSH

       The type name will be 'FLUSH' in this example.

Unsupported API

       "APR::Socket" also provides auto-generated Perl interface for a few other methods which
       aren't tested at the moment and therefore their API is a subject to change. These methods
       will be finalized later as a need arises. If you want to rely on any of the following
       methods please contact the the mod_perl development mailing list so we can help each other
       take the steps necessary to shift the method to an officially supported API.

   "data"
         $data = $b->data;

       Gives a C pointer to the address of the data in the bucket. I can't see what use can be
       done of it in Perl.

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $data ( C pointer )
       since: subject to change

   "start"
         $start = $b->start;

       It gives the offset to when a new bucket is created with a non-zero offset value:

         my $b = APR::Bucket->new($ba, $data, $offset, $len);

       So if the offset was 3. $start will be 3 too.

       I fail to see what it can be useful for to the end user (it's mainly used internally).

       obj: $b ( "APR::Bucket object" )
       ret: $start ( offset number )
       since: subject to change

See Also

       mod_perl 2.0 documentation.

Copyright

       mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache Software License,
       Version 2.0.

Authors

       The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.