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NAME

       DS2437 - Smart Battery Monitor

SYNOPSIS

       Temperature Voltages and Memory.

       1E   [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[   current  |  date  |  disconnect/date  |  disconnect/udate  |
       endcharge/date | endcharge/udate | Ienable | pages/page.[0-7|ALL] | temperature | udate  |
       VAD | VDD | address | crc8 | id | locator | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]

FAMILY CODE

       1E

SPECIAL PROPERTIES

   date
       read-write, ascii
       26 character date representation of the counter value. Increments once per second.
       Setting date to a null string will put the current system time.
       Accepted date formats are:
         Sat[urday] March 12 12:23:59 2001
         Apr[il] 4 9:34:56 2002
         3/23/04 23:34:57
         current locale setting (your system's format)

   current
       read-only, integer
       Current reading. Actual current depends on Rsens resistor (see datasheet).
       The formula for current is I = current /(4096*Rsens)
       with units in Amps and Ohms.
       Current  measurement  will  be temporarily enabled (see Ienable ) if not currently enabled
       (pun intended) for this reading.

   disconnect/date
       read-write, ascii
       26 character date representation of the disconnect/udate value. Time when the battery pack
       waws removed from the charger. Format is the same as the date property.

   disconnect/udate
       read-write, unsigned integer
       Representation of disconnect/date as a number. See udate for details.

   endcharge/date
       read-write, ascii
       26  character  date representation of the endcharge/udate value. Format is the same as the
       date property.

   endcharge/udate
       read-write, unsigned integer
       Representation of endcharge/date as a number. See udate for details.

   Ienable
       read-write, unsigned integer
       Status  of  current  monitoring.  When  enabled,  current  sensing  is   performed   36.41
       times/second. Values of Ienable are:

       0      no current conversion

       1      current conversion enabled

       2      current conversion and accumulation

       3      current conversion and accumulation with EEPROM backup

   pages/page.0 ... pages/page.7 pages/page.ALL
       read-write, binary
       Memory is split into 8 pages of 8 bytes each. Only the pages 3-7 are really available, and
       some of that appears to be reserved. See the datasheet for details.
       ALL is an aggregate of the pages. Each page is accessed sequentially.

   temperature
       read-only, floating point
       Temperature read by the chip at high resolution (~13 bits). Units are  selected  from  the
       invoking  command  line.  See  owfs(1)  or  owhttpd(1)  for  choices.  Default is Celsius.
       Conversion takes ~20 msec.

   udate
       read-write, unsigned integer
       Time represented as a number.  udate increments once per second.
       Usually set to unix time standard: number of seconds since Jan 1,  1970.  The  date  field
       will  be  the unix representation (ascii text) of udate and setting either will change the
       other.

   VAD VDD
       read-only, floating point
       Voltage read (~10 bits) at the one of the chip's two supply voltages. Range VDD=  2.4V  to
       10V, VAD=1.5 to 10V.

STANDARD PROPERTIES

   address
   r_address
       read-only, ascii
       The entire 64-bit unique ID. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
       address starts with the family code
       r  address  is the address in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and
       labeling.

   crc8
       read-only, ascii
       The 8-bit error correction portion.  Uses  cyclic  redundancy  check.  Computed  from  the
       preceding  56  bits of the unique ID number. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-
       F).

   family
       read-only, ascii
       The 8-bit family code. Unique to each type of device.  Given  as  upper  case  hexidecimal
       digits (0-9A-F).

   id
   r_id
       read-only, ascii
       The  48-bit  middle  portion  of the unique ID number. Does not include the family code or
       CRC. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
       r id is the id in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.

   locator
   r_locator
       read-only, ascii
       Uses an extension of the 1-wire design from iButtonLink  company  that  associated  1-wire
       physical connections with a unique 1-wire code. If the connection is behind a Link Locator
       the locator will show a unique 8-byte number  (16  character  hexidecimal)  starting  with
       family code FE.
       If no Link Locator is between the device and the master, the locator field will be all FF.
       r locator is the locator in reverse order.

   present (DEPRECATED)
       read-only, yes-no
       Is the device currently present on the 1-wire bus?

   type
       read-only, ascii
       Part  name  assigned  by Dallas Semi. E.g.  DS2401 Alternative packaging (iButton vs chip)
       will not be distiguished.

ALARMS

       None.

DESCRIPTION

   1-Wire
       1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices  designed  and  manufactured  by  Dallas
       Semiconductor,  Inc.  The bus is a low-power low-speed low-connector scheme where the data
       line can also provide power.

       Each device is uniquely and unalterably numbered during  manufacture.  There  are  a  wide
       variety  of  devices,  including memory, sensors (humidity, temperature, voltage, contact,
       current), switches, timers and data  loggers.  More  complex  devices  (like  thermocouple
       sensors)  can  be  built with these basic devices. There are also 1-wire devices that have
       encryption included.

       The 1-wire scheme uses a single bus master and multiple slaves on the same wire.  The  bus
       master  initiates  all  communication.  The  slaves  can  be  individually  discovered and
       addressed using their unique ID.

       Bus masters come in a variety of configurations including serial, parallel,  i2c,  network
       or USB adapters.

   OWFS design
       OWFS  is  a  suite of programs that designed to make the 1-wire bus and its devices easily
       accessible. The underlying priciple is to create a virtual filesystem, with the unique  ID
       being the directory, and the individual properties of the device are represented as simple
       files that can be read and written.

       Details of the individual slave or master design are hidden behind a consistent interface.
       The  goal  is to provide an easy set of tools for a software designer to create monitoring
       or control applications. There are some performance enhancements  in  the  implementation,
       including  data  caching,  parallel  access  to  bus  masters,  and  aggregation of device
       communication.  Still  the  fundemental  goal  has  been  ease  of  use,  flexibility  and
       correctness rather than speed.

   DS2437
       The  DS2437  (3) is an obsolete version of the DS2438 (3) battery chip. Current sensing is
       available, but not implemented. The major advantage compared to the  DS2436  is  that  two
       voltages  can  be  read,  allowing  correcting circuit nmeasurements to supply voltage and
       temperature. A better comparison is the DS276x family of chips.

ADDRESSING

       All 1-wire devices are factory assigned a unique 64-bit address. This address  is  of  the
       form:

       Family Code
              8 bits

       Address
              48 bits

       CRC    8 bits

       Addressing under OWFS is in hexidecimal, of form:

              01.123456789ABC

       where 01 is an example 8-bit family code, and 12345678ABC is an example 48 bit address.

       The dot is optional, and the CRC code can included. If included, it must be correct.

DATASHEET

       http://pdfserv.maxim-ic.com/en/ds/DS2437.pdf
       http://pdfserv.maxim-ic.com/en/an/humsensor.pdf

SEE ALSO

   Programs
       owfs  (1)  owhttpd  (1) owftpd (1) owserver (1) owdir (1) owread (1) owwrite (1) owpresent
       (1) owtap (1)

   Configuration and testing
       owfs (5) owtap (1) owmon (1)

   Language bindings
       owtcl (3) owperl (3) owcapi (3)

   Clocks
       DS1427 (3) DS1904(3) DS1994 (3) DS2404 (3) DS2404S (3) DS2415 (3) DS2417 (3)

   ID
       DS2401 (3) DS2411 (3) DS1990A (3)

   Memory
       DS1982 (3) DS1985 (3) DS1986 (3) DS1991 (3) DS1992 (3) DS1993 (3) DS1995  (3)  DS1996  (3)
       DS2430A (3) DS2431 (3) DS2433 (3) DS2502 (3) DS2506 (3) DS28E04 (3) DS28EC20 (3)

   Switches
       DS2405 (3) DS2406 (3) DS2408 (3) DS2409 (3) DS2413 (3) DS28EA00 (3)

   Temperature
       DS1822  (3) DS1825 (3) DS1820 (3) DS18B20 (3) DS18S20 (3) DS1920 (3) DS1921 (3) DS1821 (3)
       DS28EA00 (3) DS28E04 (3) EDS0064 (3) EDS0065 (3)  EDS0066  (3)  EDS0067  (3)  EDS0068  (3)
       EDS0071 (3) EDS0072 (3)

   Humidity
       DS1922 (3) DS2438 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0068 (3)

   Voltage
       DS2450 (3)

   Resistance
       DS2890 (3)

   Multifunction (current, voltage, temperature)
       DS2436  (3)  DS2437  (3) DS2438 (3) DS2751 (3) DS2755 (3) DS2756 (3) DS2760 (3) DS2770 (3)
       DS2780 (3) DS2781 (3) DS2788 (3) DS2784 (3)

   Counter
       DS2423 (3)

   LCD Screen
       LCD (3) DS2408 (3)

   Crypto
       DS1977 (3)

   Pressure
       DS2406 (3) -- TAI8570 EDS0066 (3) EDS0068 (3)

AVAILABILITY

       http://www.owfs.org

AUTHOR

       Paul Alfille (paul.alfille@gmail.com)