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NAME

       ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants

SYNOPSIS

           use ExtUtils::Constant qw (WriteConstants);
           WriteConstants(
               NAME => 'Foo',
               NAMES => [qw(FOO BAR BAZ)],
           );
           # Generates wrapper code to make the values of the constants FOO BAR BAZ
           #  available to perl

DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::Constant facilitates generating C and XS wrapper code to allow perl modules to
       AUTOLOAD constants defined in C library header files.  It is principally used by the
       "h2xs" utility, on which this code is based.  It doesn't contain the routines to scan
       header files to extract these constants.

USAGE

       Generally one only needs to call the "WriteConstants" function, and then

           #include "const-c.inc"

       in the C section of "Foo.xs"

           INCLUDE: const-xs.inc

       in the XS section of "Foo.xs".

       For greater flexibility use "constant_types()", "C_constant" and "XS_constant", with which
       "WriteConstants" is implemented.

       Currently this module understands the following types. h2xs may only know a subset. The
       sizes of the numeric types are chosen by the "Configure" script at compile time.

       IV  signed integer, at least 32 bits.

       UV  unsigned integer, the same size as IV

       NV  floating point type, probably "double", possibly "long double"

       PV  NUL terminated string, length will be determined with "strlen"

       PVN A fixed length thing, given as a [pointer, length] pair. If you know the length of a
           string at compile time you may use this instead of PV

       SV  A mortal SV.

       YES Truth.  ("PL_sv_yes")  The value is not needed (and ignored).

       NO  Defined Falsehood.  ("PL_sv_no")  The value is not needed (and ignored).

       UNDEF
           "undef".  The value of the macro is not needed.

FUNCTIONS

       constant_types
           A function returning a single scalar with "#define" definitions for the constants used
           internally between the generated C and XS functions.

       XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME
           A function to generate the XS code to implement the perl subroutine PACKAGE::constant
           used by PACKAGE::AUTOLOAD to load constants.  This XS code is a wrapper around a C
           subroutine usually generated by "C_constant", and usually named "constant".

           TYPES should be given either as a comma separated list of types that the C subroutine
           "constant" will generate or as a reference to a hash. It should be the same list of
           types as "C_constant" was given.  [Otherwise "XS_constant" and "C_constant" may have
           different ideas about the number of parameters passed to the C function "constant"]

           You can call the perl visible subroutine something other than "constant" if you give
           the parameter XS_SUBNAME. The C subroutine it calls defaults to the name of the perl
           visible subroutine, unless you give the parameter C_SUBNAME.

       autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER
           A function to generate the AUTOLOAD subroutine for the module PACKAGE VERSION is the
           perl version the code should be backwards compatible with.  It defaults to the version
           of perl running the subroutine.  If AUTOLOADER is true, the AUTOLOAD subroutine falls
           back on AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD for all names that the constant() routine doesn't
           recognise.

       WriteMakefileSnippet
           WriteMakefileSnippet ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...]

           A function to generate perl code for Makefile.PL that will regenerate the constant
           subroutines.  Parameters are named as passed to "WriteConstants", with the addition of
           "INDENT" to specify the number of leading spaces (default 2).

           Currently only "INDENT", "NAME", "DEFAULT_TYPE", "NAMES", "C_FILE" and "XS_FILE" are
           recognised.

       WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...]
           Writes a file of C code and a file of XS code which you should "#include" and
           "INCLUDE" in the C and XS sections respectively of your module's XS code.  You
           probably want to do this in your "Makefile.PL", so that you can easily edit the list
           of constants without touching the rest of your module.  The attributes supported are

           NAME
               Name of the module.  This must be specified

           DEFAULT_TYPE
               The default type for the constants.  If not specified "IV" is assumed.

           BREAKOUT_AT
               The names of the constants are grouped by length.  Generate child subroutines for
               each group with this number or more names in.

           NAMES
               An array of constants' names, either scalars containing names, or hashrefs as
               detailed in "C_constant".

           PROXYSUBS
               If true, uses proxy subs. See ExtUtils::Constant::ProxySubs.

           C_FH
               A filehandle to write the C code to.  If not given, then C_FILE is opened for
               writing.

           C_FILE
               The name of the file to write containing the C code.  The default is
               "const-c.inc".  The "-" in the name ensures that the file can't be mistaken for
               anything related to a legitimate perl package name, and not naming the file ".c"
               avoids having to override Makefile.PL's ".xs" to ".c" rules.

           XS_FH
               A filehandle to write the XS code to.  If not given, then XS_FILE is opened for
               writing.

           XS_FILE
               The name of the file to write containing the XS code.  The default is
               "const-xs.inc".

           XS_SUBNAME
               The perl visible name of the XS subroutine generated which will return the
               constants. The default is "constant".

           C_SUBNAME
               The name of the C subroutine generated which will return the constants.  The
               default is XS_SUBNAME.  Child subroutines have "_" and the name length appended,
               so constants with 10 character names would be in "constant_10" with the default
               XS_SUBNAME.

AUTHOR

       Nicholas Clark <nick@ccl4.org> based on the code in "h2xs" by Larry Wall and others