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       HTTP::Tiny - A small, simple, correct HTTP/1.1 client


       version 0.012


           use HTTP::Tiny;

           my $response = HTTP::Tiny->new->get('');

           die "Failed!\n" unless $response->{success};

           print "$response->{status} $response->{reason}\n";

           while (my ($k, $v) = each %{$response->{headers}}) {
               for (ref $v eq 'ARRAY' ? @$v : $v) {
                   print "$k: $_\n";

           print $response->{content} if length $response->{content};


       This is a very simple HTTP/1.1 client, designed primarily for doing simple GET requests
       without the overhead of a large framework like LWP::UserAgent.

       It is more correct and more complete than HTTP::Lite.  It supports proxies (currently only
       non-authenticating ones) and redirection.  It also correctly resumes after EINTR.


           $http = HTTP::Tiny->new( %attributes );

       This constructor returns a new HTTP::Tiny object.  Valid attributes include:

       ·   agent

           A user-agent string (defaults to 'HTTP::Tiny/$VERSION')

       ·   default_headers

           A hashref of default headers to apply to requests

       ·   max_redirect

           Maximum number of redirects allowed (defaults to 5)

       ·   max_size

           Maximum response size (only when not using a data callback).  If defined, responses
           larger than this will die with an error message

       ·   proxy

           URL of a proxy server to use.

       ·   timeout

           Request timeout in seconds (default is 60)

           $response = $http->get($url);
           $response = $http->get($url, \%options);

       Executes a "GET" request for the given URL.  The URL must have unsafe characters escaped
       and international domain names encoded.  Internally, it just calls "request()" with 'GET'
       as the method.  See "request()" for valid options and a description of the response.

           $response = $http->mirror($url, $file, \%options)
           if ( $response->{success} ) {
               print "$file is up to date\n";

       Executes a "GET" request for the URL and saves the response body to the file name
       provided.  The URL must have unsafe characters escaped and international domain names
       encoded.  If the file already exists, the request will includes an "If-Modified-Since"
       header with the modification timestamp of the file.  You may specificy a different
       "If-Modified-Since" header yourself in the "$options->{headers}" hash.

       The "success" field of the response will be true if the status code is 2XX or 304

       If the file was modified and the server response includes a properly formatted
       "Last-Modified" header, the file modification time will be updated accordingly.

           $response = $http->request($method, $url);
           $response = $http->request($method, $url, \%options);

       Executes an HTTP request of the given method type ('GET', 'HEAD', 'POST', 'PUT', etc.) on
       the given URL.  The URL must have unsafe characters escaped and international domain names
       encoded.  A hashref of options may be appended to modify the request.

       Valid options are:

       ·   headers

           A hashref containing headers to include with the request.  If the value for a header
           is an array reference, the header will be output multiple times with each value in the
           array.  These headers over-write any default headers.

       ·   content

           A scalar to include as the body of the request OR a code reference that will be called
           iteratively to produce the body of the response

       ·   trailer_callback

           A code reference that will be called if it exists to provide a hashref of trailing
           headers (only used with chunked transfer-encoding)

       ·   data_callback

           A code reference that will be called for each chunks of the response body received.

       If the "content" option is a code reference, it will be called iteratively to provide the
       content body of the request.  It should return the empty string or undef when the iterator
       is exhausted.

       If the "data_callback" option is provided, it will be called iteratively until the entire
       response body is received.  The first argument will be a string containing a chunk of the
       response body, the second argument will be the in-progress response hash reference, as
       described below.  (This allows customizing the action of the callback based on the
       "status" or "headers" received prior to the content body.)

       The "request" method returns a hashref containing the response.  The hashref will have the
       following keys:

       ·   success

           Boolean indicating whether the operation returned a 2XX status code

       ·   status

           The HTTP status code of the response

       ·   reason

           The response phrase returned by the server

       ·   content

           The body of the response.  If the response does not have any content or if a data
           callback is provided to consume the response body, this will be the empty string

       ·   headers

           A hashref of header fields.  All header field names will be normalized to be lower
           case. If a header is repeated, the value will be an arrayref; it will otherwise be a
           scalar string containing the value

       On an exception during the execution of the request, the "status" field will contain 599,
       and the "content" field will contain the text of the exception.


       HTTP::Tiny is conditionally compliant with the HTTP/1.1 specification
       <>.  It attempts to meet all "MUST"
       requirements of the specification, but does not implement all "SHOULD" requirements.

       Some particular limitations of note include:

       ·   HTTP::Tiny focuses on correct transport.  Users are responsible for ensuring that
           user-defined headers and content are compliant with the HTTP/1.1 specification.

       ·   Users must ensure that URLs are properly escaped for unsafe characters and that
           international domain names are properly encoded to ASCII. See URI::Escape,
           URI::_punycode and Net::IDN::Encode.

       ·   Redirection is very strict against the specification.  Redirection is only automatic
           for response codes 301, 302 and 307 if the request method is 'GET' or 'HEAD'.
           Response code 303 is always converted into a 'GET' redirection, as mandated by the
           specification.  There is no automatic support for status 305 ("Use proxy")

       ·   Persistant connections are not supported.  The "Connection" header will always be set
           to "close".

       ·   Direct "https" connections are supported only if IO::Socket::SSL is installed.  There
           is no support for "https" connections via proxy.  Any SSL certificate that matches the
           host is accepted -- SSL certificates are not verified against certificate authorities.

       ·   Cookies are not directly supported.  Users that set a "Cookie" header should also set
           "max_redirect" to zero to ensure cookies are not inappropriately re-transmitted.

       ·   Proxy environment variables are not supported.

       ·   There is no provision for delaying a request body using an "Expect" header.
           Unexpected "1XX" responses are silently ignored as per the specification.

       ·   Only 'chunked' "Transfer-Encoding" is supported.

       ·   There is no support for a Request-URI of '*' for the 'OPTIONS' request.


       ·   LWP::UserAgent


   Bugs / Feature Requests
       Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to "bug-http-tiny at", or
       through the web interface at
       <>. You will be automatically
       notified of any progress on the request by the system.

   Source Code
       This is open source software.  The code repository is available for public review and
       contribution under the terms of the license. <

         git clone git://


       ·   Christian Hansen <>

       ·   David Golden <>


       This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Christian Hansen.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.