Provided by: perl-doc_5.14.2-6ubuntu2_all bug

NAME

       IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

SYNOPSIS

           use IO::File;

           $fh = IO::File->new();
           if ($fh->open("< file")) {
               print <$fh>;
               $fh->close;
           }

           $fh = IO::File->new("> file");
           if (defined $fh) {
               print $fh "bar\n";
               $fh->close;
           }

           $fh = IO::File->new("file", "r");
           if (defined $fh) {
               print <$fh>;
               undef $fh;       # automatically closes the file
           }

           $fh = IO::File->new("file", O_WRONLY|O_APPEND);
           if (defined $fh) {
               print $fh "corge\n";

               $pos = $fh->getpos;
               $fh->setpos($pos);

               undef $fh;       # automatically closes the file
           }

           autoflush STDOUT 1;

DESCRIPTION

       "IO::File" inherits from "IO::Handle" and "IO::Seekable". It extends these classes with
       methods that are specific to file handles.

CONSTRUCTOR

       new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )
           Creates an "IO::File".  If it receives any parameters, they are passed to the method
           "open"; if the open fails, the object is destroyed.  Otherwise, it is returned to the
           caller.

       new_tmpfile
           Creates an "IO::File" opened for read/write on a newly created temporary file.  On
           systems where this is possible, the temporary file is anonymous (i.e. it is unlinked
           after creation, but held open).  If the temporary file cannot be created or opened,
           the "IO::File" object is destroyed.  Otherwise, it is returned to the caller.

METHODS

       open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )
       open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS )
           "open" accepts one, two or three parameters.  With one parameter, it is just a front
           end for the built-in "open" function.  With two or three parameters, the first
           parameter is a filename that may include whitespace or other special characters, and
           the second parameter is the open mode, optionally followed by a file permission value.

           If "IO::File::open" receives a Perl mode string (">", "+<", etc.)  or an ANSI C
           fopen() mode string ("w", "r+", etc.), it uses the basic Perl "open" operator (but
           protects any special characters).

           If "IO::File::open" is given a numeric mode, it passes that mode and the optional
           permissions value to the Perl "sysopen" operator.  The permissions default to 0666.

           If "IO::File::open" is given a mode that includes the ":" character, it passes all the
           three arguments to the three-argument "open" operator.

           For convenience, "IO::File" exports the O_XXX constants from the Fcntl module, if this
           module is available.

       binmode( [LAYER] )
           "binmode" sets "binmode" on the underlying "IO" object, as documented in "perldoc -f
           binmode".

           "binmode" accepts one optional parameter, which is the layer to be passed on to the
           "binmode" call.

NOTE

       Some operating systems may perform  "IO::File::new()" or "IO::File::open()" on a directory
       without errors.  This behavior is not portable and not suggested for use.  Using
       "opendir()" and "readdir()" or "IO::Dir" are suggested instead.

SEE ALSO

       perlfunc, "I/O Operators" in perlop, IO::Handle, IO::Seekable, IO::Dir

HISTORY

       Derived from FileHandle.pm by Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>.