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NAME

       IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class

SYNOPSIS

           use IPC::SysV qw(IPC_PRIVATE S_IRUSR S_IWUSR);
           use IPC::SharedMem;

           $shm = IPC::SharedMem->new(IPC_PRIVATE, 8, S_IRWXU);

           $shm->write(pack("S", 4711), 2, 2);

           $data = $shm->read(0, 2);

           $ds = $shm->stat;

           $shm->remove;

DESCRIPTION

       A class providing an object based interface to SysV IPC shared memory.

METHODS

       new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS )
           Creates a new shared memory segment associated with "KEY". A new segment is created if

           ·   "KEY" is equal to "IPC_PRIVATE"

           ·   "KEY" does not already have a shared memory segment associated with it, and "FLAGS
               & IPC_CREAT" is true.

           On creation of a new shared memory segment "FLAGS" is used to set the permissions.  Be
           careful not to set any flags that the Sys V IPC implementation does not allow: in some
           systems setting execute bits makes the operations fail.

       id  Returns the shared memory identifier.

       read ( POS, SIZE )
           Read "SIZE" bytes from the shared memory segment at "POS". Returns the string read, or
           "undef" if there was an error. The return value becomes tainted. See shmread.

       write ( STRING, POS, SIZE )
           Write "SIZE" bytes to the shared memory segment at "POS". Returns true if successful,
           or false if there is an error. See shmwrite.

       remove
           Remove the shared memory segment from the system or mark it as removed as long as any
           processes are still attached to it.

       is_removed
           Returns true if the shared memory segment has been removed or marked for removal.

       stat
           Returns an object of type "IPC::SharedMem::stat" which is a sub-class of
           "Class::Struct". It provides the following fields. For a description of these fields
           see you system documentation.

               uid
               gid
               cuid
               cgid
               mode
               segsz
               lpid
               cpid
               nattach
               atime
               dtime
               ctime

       attach ( [FLAG] )
           Permanently attach to the shared memory segment. When a "IPC::SharedMem" object is
           attached, it will use memread and memwrite instead of shmread and shmwrite for
           accessing the shared memory segment.  Returns true if successful, or false on error.
           See shmat.

       detach
           Detach from the shared memory segment that previously has been attached to. Returns
           true if successful, or false on error. See shmdt.

       addr
           Returns the address of the shared memory that has been attached to in a format
           suitable for use with "pack('P')". Returns "undef" if the shared memory has not been
           attached.

SEE ALSO

       IPC::SysV, Class::Struct

AUTHORS

       Marcus Holland-Moritz <mhx@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

       Version 2.x, Copyright (C) 2007-2010, Marcus Holland-Moritz.

       Version 1.x, Copyright (c) 1997, Graham Barr.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.