Provided by: lire-devel-doc_2.1-1.1_all bug

NAME

       Lire::XMLParser - Base object-oriented XML parser.

SYNOPSIS

           package MyParser;

           use base qw/ Lire::XMLParser /;

DESCRIPTION

       This module makes it possible to write object-oriented parser using the non-oo XML::Parser
       module.

CLIENT METHODS

   parse( $xml )
       Parse the XML and returns the result. $xml can either be a string or a reference to an
       open filehandle or IO::Handle object.

   parsefile( $file )
       Parses the XML contained in $file and returns the result.

META-INFORMATION TEMPLATE METHODS

       Two template methods must be implemented by subclasses. These methods gives information on
       the content model of the XML expected by the parser.

   namespaces()
       This method should return an hash reference. The keys are XML namespaces understood by the
       parser. The value is the prefix which is used for that namespace in the elements_spec()
       method.

   elements_spec()
       This method should return an hash reference. The key are the known XML elements. An error
       will be thrown by the parser when an element not defined in this hash is encountered.

       The key should be of the form [ prefix : ] element_name. If prefix is used it should be
       defined in the namespaces() method.

       The value of the hash are element specification. This specification can be used to
       configure the event handlers that will be called as well as specifying the content model
       of the elements. This specification is an hash reference with the following keys:

       content
           This is an array reference that should contains the name of the elements allowed to
           appear in that element. These names are in the same format than for the
           elements_spec() keys. If that element is omitted, the element is considered to be
           empty and thus cannot contains any other element. If the element can contain PCDATA,
           the string 'PCDATA' should be listed in the array.

       start
           This specify the handler called when the opening tag for this element is encountered.
           This can be either a function reference or a method name. If this element is omitted,
           the handler will be the method named element_end if it exists, or no handler
           otherwise. '_' is substituted for invalid method name characters, i.e. report-spec
           becomes report_spec_start.

       end This specify the handler called when the closing tag for this element is encountered.
           This can be either a function reference or a method name. If this element is omitted,
           the handler will be the method named element_end if it exists, or no handler
           otherwise. '_' is substituted for invalid method name characters, i.e. report-spec
           becomes report_spec_end.

       char
           This specify the handler called when PCDATA is encountered within the element. This
           can only happen if 'PCDATA' appeared in the 'content' attribute. This can be either a
           function reference or a method name.  If this element is omitted, the handler will be
           the method named element_char if it exists, or no handler otherwise. '_' is
           substituted for invalid method name characters, i.e. list-item becomes list_item_char.

       The specification can also be an array reference, in that case it will be interpreted as
       the content of the 'content' hash attribute.

       Errors will be reported for invalid specification.

UTILITY METHODS

   expat()
       During the parse, this returns the underlying Lire::XMLParser::Expat parser object.

   error( $msg )
       Will terminate parsing with error message $msg. The current parsing context will be
       appended to the message.

   warning( $msg )
       Will print a warning message $msg. The current parsing context will be appended to the
       message.

   context()
       Returns as an array reference the names of the currently opened elements. In start and end
       tag, the last element will be the tag of the parent element. The name of the elements will
       be in the same format than the one used by elements_spec().

   current_element()
       Returns the name of the innermost currently opened element. In start and end tag, the last
       element will be the tag of the parent element.  The name of the elements will be in the
       same format than the one used by elements_spec().

   in_element( $element_name )
       This returns true if the innermost currently opened element has the same name as
       $element_name. $element_name should be one of the elements defined by elements_spec(),
       otherwise the method will croak.

       Example:

           if ( $self->in_element( "lire:report") ) {
               # Parent element is a Lire report element.
           } elsif ( $self->in_element( "listitem" ) ) {
               # We are in a DocBook listitem element
           }

   within_element( $element_name )
       This returns the number of times an element is opened in the current element ancestor.
       Like for the in_element(), the element's name should have been defined by elements_spec(),
       otherwise the method will croak.

   recognized_string()
       Returns the string that trigger the current event.

   depth()
       Returns the number of opened and not yet closed elements. In start and end handlers, the
       current elemnt is part of that list.

EVENT HANDLERS METHODS

       These are methods that are called during the XML parsing.

   parse_start()
       This methods is invoked once before the document is parsed. It can be used for any
       initialization the processor has to do. Default implementation does nothing.

   parse_end( )
       This methods is invoked once after all the XML file was processed. The value that this
       method returns will be returned by the parse() or parsefile() method (whichever was used
       to start the parsing). Default implementation does nothing.

   element_start( $name, $attributes )
       Called when a valid element is opened. $name contains the name of the element. This name
       is the canonical form, that is that if the element is within a namespace, it will be
       prefixed with the prefix declared by the namespaces() method. $attributes contains the
       defined attributes in an hash reference.

       The default method will dispatch to the handlers defined by elements_spec().

   element_end( $name )
       Called when a valid element is closed. $name contains the name of the element. Default
       implementation dispatch to the handler defined by elements_spec().

   pcdata( $text )
       Called when parsed character data are encountered in an element which is allowed to
       contain PCDATA. Default implementation dispatch to the handler defined by elements_spec().

   ignorable_ws( $ws )
       Called when whitespace is encountered while processing an element which cannot contain
       PCDATA. Default implementation does nothing. This is mainly used by parser which want to
       keep the user's format.

HELPERS METHODS

       Two common tasks when writing event-based parsers is to use "stacks" and "collectors". The
       XMLParser object offers some method to manage these common objects.

   init_collector( $name )
       This initialize a collector with the name $name. If there was already a collector defined
       under this name, its content will be reset to the empty string ''.

   collect( $name, $text )
       Appends $text to the collector $name. An exception will be thrown if no collector $name
       was previously defined.

   get_collector( $name )
       Returns the content accumulated in the collector $name. An exception will be thrown if no
       collector $name was previously defined.

   collector_start( $element, $attributes )
       This is a method which can be used as a start event handler. It will define a collector
       with the same name than the element which is started.

   collector_char( $text )
       This is a method which can be used as a char event handler. It will append $text to the
       collector named under the element in which this text occurs.

   init_stack( $name )
       Initialize a stack object named $name.

   stack_push( $name, $value )
       Returns true if the stack $name is empty. An exception will be raise if no stack $name was
       defined.

   stack_depth( $name )
       Returns the number of element on the stack $name. An exception will be raise if no stack
       $name was defined.

   stack_push( $name, $value )
       Pushes $value onto the stack $name. An exception will be raise if no stack $name was
       defined.

   stack_pop( $name )
       Removes and returns the top value on the stack $name. An exception will be raised if no
       stack $name was defined or if the stack is empty.

   stack_peek( $name )
       Returns the top value of the stack $name. An exception will be raised if no stack $name
       was defined or if the stack is empty.

SEE ALSO

        Lire::Config::SpecParser(3pm), Lire::ReportParser(3pm),
        Lire::XMLSpecContainer(3pm)

AUTHOR

         Francis J. Lacoste <flacoste@logreport.org>

VERSION

       $Id: XMLParser.pm,v 1.11 2006/07/23 13:16:30 vanbaal Exp $

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2004 Stichting LogReport Foundation LogReport@LogReport.org

       This file is part of Lire.

       Lire is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
       General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
       the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program
       (see COPYING); if not, check with http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html.