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NAME

       MPI_Bcast -  Broadcasts a message from the process with rank "root" to all other processes
       of the communicator

SYNOPSIS

       int MPI_Bcast( void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype, int root,
                      MPI_Comm comm )

INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETER

       buffer - starting address of buffer (choice)

INPUT PARAMETERS

       count  - number of entries in buffer (integer)
       datatype
              - data type of buffer (handle)
       root   - rank of broadcast root (integer)
       comm   - communicator (handle)

THREAD AND INTERRUPT SAFETY

       This routine is thread-safe.  This means that this routine may be safely used by  multiple
       threads  without the need for any user-provided thread locks.  However, the routine is not
       interrupt safe.  Typically, this is due to the use of memory allocation routines  such  as
       malloc or other non-MPICH runtime routines that are themselves not interrupt-safe.

NOTES FOR FORTRAN

       All  MPI  routines  in  Fortran  (except  for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK ) have an additional
       argument ierr at the end of the argument list.  ierr  is  an  integer  and  has  the  same
       meaning  as  the  return  value  of  the  routine  in  C.   In  Fortran,  MPI routines are
       subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.

       All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype , MPI_Comm ) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.

ERRORS

       All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick ) return an error value;  C  routines  as
       the  value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.  Before the value is
       returned, the current MPI error handler is called.  By default, this error handler  aborts
       the  MPI  job.   The  error  handler  may  be  changed  with  MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for
       communicators), MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler  (for  RMA
       windows).   The  MPI-1  routine  MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but its use is deprecated.
       The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause  error  values  to  be
       returned.   Note  that  MPI  does  not  guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an
       error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever possible.

       MPI_SUCCESS
              - No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
       MPI_ERR_COMM
              - Invalid communicator.  A common error is to use a null  communicator  in  a  call
              (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank ).
       MPI_ERR_COUNT
              - Invalid count argument.  Count arguments must be non-negative; a count of zero is
              often valid.
       MPI_ERR_TYPE
              -  Invalid  datatype  argument.   May   be   an   uncommitted   MPI_Datatype   (see
              MPI_Type_commit ).
       MPI_ERR_BUFFER
              - Invalid buffer pointer.  Usually a null buffer where one is not valid.
       MPI_ERR_ROOT
              -  Invalid  root.  The root must be specified as a rank in the communicator.  Ranks
              must be between zero and the size of the communicator minus one.

LOCATION

       bcast.c

                                            3/28/2011                                MPI_Bcast(3)