Provided by: libprima-perl_1.28-1.1_amd64 bug

NAME

       Prima::TextView - rich text browser widget

DESCRIPTION

       Prima::TextView accepts blocks of formatted text, and provides basic functionality -
       scrolling and user selection. The text strings are stored as one large text chunk,
       available by the "::text" and "::textRef" properties.  A block of a formatted text is an
       array with fixed-length header and the following instructions.

       A special package "tb::" provides the block constants and simple functions for text block
       access.

   Capabilities
       Prima::TextView is mainly the text block functions and helpers. It provides function for
       wrapping text block, calculating block dimensions, drawing and converting coordinates from
       (X,Y) to a block position. Prima::TextView is centered around the text functionality, and
       although any custom graphic of arbitrary complexity can be embedded in a text block, the
       internal coordinate system is used ( TEXT_OFFSET, BLOCK ), where TEXT_OFFSET is a text
       offset from the beginning of a block and BLOCK is an index of a block.

       The functionality does not imply any text layout - this is up to the class descendants,
       they must provide they own layout policy. The only policy Prima::TextView requires is that
       blocks' BLK_TEXT_OFFSET field must be strictly increasing, and the block text chunks must
       not overlap. The text gaps are allowed though.

       A text block basic drawing function includes change of color, backColor and font, and the
       painting of text strings. Other types of graphics can be achieved by supplying custom
       code.

   Block header
       A block's fixed header consists of "tb::BLK_START - 1" integer scalars, each of those is
       accessible via the corresponding "tb::BLK_XXX" constant.  The constants are separated into
       two logical groups:

               BLK_FLAGS
               BLK_WIDTH
               BLK_HEIGHT
               BLK_X
               BLK_Y
               BLK_APERTURE_X
               BLK_APERTURE_Y
               BLK_TEXT_OFFSET

       and

               BLK_FONT_ID
               BLK_FONT_SIZE
               BLK_FONT_STYLE
               BLK_COLOR
               BLK_BACKCOLOR

       The second group is enclosed in "tb::BLK_DATA_START" - "tb::BLK_DATA_END" range, like the
       whole header is contained in 0 - "tb::BLK_START - 1" range.  This is done for the backward
       compatibility, if the future development changes the length of the header.

       The first group fields define the text block dimension, aperture position and text offset
       ( remember, the text is stored as one big chunk ). The second defines the initial color
       and font settings. Prima::TextView needs all fields of every block to be initialized
       before displaying. block_wrap method can be used for automated assigning of these fields.

   Block parameters
       The scalars, beginning from "tb::BLK_START", represent the commands to the renderer.
       These commands have their own parameters, that follow the command. The length of a command
       is located in @oplen array, and must not be changed. The basic command set includes
       "OP_TEXT", "OP_COLOR", "OP_FONT", "OP_TRANSPOSE", and "OP_CODE".  The additional codes are
       "OP_WRAP" and "OP_MARK", not used in drawing but are special commands to block_wrap.

       OP_TEXT - TEXT_OFFSET, TEXT_LENGTH, TEXT_WIDTH
           "OP_TEXT" commands to draw a string, from offset "tb::BLK_TEXT_OFFSET + TEXT_OFFSET",
           with a length TEXT_LENGTH. The third parameter TEXT_WIDTH contains the width of the
           text in pixels. Such the two-part offset scheme is made for simplification or an
           imaginary code, that would alter ( insert to, or delete part of ) the big text chunk;
           the updating procedure would not need to traverse all commands, but just the block
           headers.

           Relative to: "tb::BLK_TEXT_OFFSET".

       OP_COLOR - COLOR
           "OP_COLOR" sets foreground or background color. To set the background, COLOR must be
           or-ed with "tb::BACKCOLOR_FLAG" value. In addition to the two toolkit supported color
           values ( RRGGBB and system color index ), COLOR can also be or-ed with
           "tb::COLOR_INDEX" flags, in such case it is an index in "::colormap" property array.

           Relative to: "tb::BLK_COLOR", "tb::BLK_BACKCOLOR".

       OP_FONT - KEY, VALUE
           As the font is a complex property, that itself includes font name, size, direction,
           etc keys, "OP_FONT" KEY represents one of the three parameters - "tb::F_ID",
           "tb::F_SIZE", "tb::F_STYLE". All three have different VALUE meaning.

           Relative to: "tb::BLK_FONT_ID", "tb::BLK_FONT_SIZE", "tb::BLK_FONT_STYLE".

           F_STYLE
               Contains a combination of "fs::XXX" constants, such as "fs::Bold", "fs::Italic"
               etc.

               Default value: 0

           F_SIZE
               Contains the relative font size. The size is relative to the current widget's font
               size. As such, 0 is a default value, and -2 is the widget's default font decreased
               by 2 points. Prima::TextView provides no range checking ( but the toolkit does ),
               so while it is o.k. to set the negative "F_SIZE" values larger than the default
               font size, one must be vary when relying on the combined font size value .

               If "F_SIZE" value is added to a "F_HEIGHT" constant, then it is treated as a font
               height in pixels rather than font size in points. The macros for these opcodes are
               named respectively "tb::fontSize" and "tb::fontHeight", while the opcode is the
               same.

           F_ID
               All other font properties are collected under an 'ID'. ID is a index in the
               "::fontPalette" property array, which contains font hashes with the other font
               keys initialized - name, encoding, and pitch. These three are minimal required
               set, and the other font keys can be also selected.

       OP_TRANSPOSE X, Y, FLAGS
           Contains a mark for an empty space. The space is extended to the relative coordinates
           (X,Y), so the block extension algorithms take this opcode in the account. If FLAGS
           does not contain "tb::X_EXTEND", then in addition to the block expansion, current
           coordinate is also moved to (X,Y). In this regard, "(OP_TRANSPOSE,0,0,0)" and
           "(OP_TRANSPOSE,0,0,X_EXTEND)" are identical and are empty operators.

           There are formatting-only flags,in effect with block_wrap function.
           "X_DIMENSION_FONT_HEIGHT" indicates that (X,Y) values must be multiplied to the
           current font height.  Another flag "X_DIMENSION_POINT" does the same but multiplies by
           current value of resolution property divided by 72 ( basically, treats X and Y not as
           pixel but point values).

           "OP_TRANSPOSE" can be used for customized graphics, in conjunction with "OP_CODE" to
           assign a space, so the rendering algorithms do not need to be re-written every time
           the new graphic is invented. As an example, see how Prima::PodView deals with the
           images.

       OP_CODE - SUB, PARAMETER
           Contains a custom code pointer SUB with a parameter PARAMETER, passed when a block is
           about to be drawn. SUB is called with the following format:

                   ( $widget, $canvas, $text_block, $font_and_color_state, $x, $y, $parameter);

           $font_and_color_state ( or $state, through the code ) contains the state of font and
           color commands in effect, and is changed as the rendering algorithm advances through a
           block.  The format of the state is the same as of text block, so one may notice that
           for readability F_ID, F_SIZE, F_STYLE constants are paired to BLK_FONT_ID,
           BLK_FONT_SIZE and BLK_FONT_STYLE.

           The SUB code is executed only when the block is about to draw.

       OP_WRAP ON_OFF
           "OP_WRAP" is only in effect in block_wrap method. ON_OFF is a boolean flag, selecting
           if the wrapping is turned on or off. block_wrap does not support stacking for the wrap
           commands, so the "(OP_WRAP,1,OP_WRAP,1,OP_WRAP,0)" has same effect as "(OP_WRAP,0)".
           If ON_OFF is 1, wrapping is disabled - all following commands treated an non-wrapable
           until "(OP_WRAP,0)" is met.

       OP_MARK PARAMETER, X, Y
           "OP_MARK" is only in effect in block_wrap method and is a user command.  block_wrap
           only sets (!) X and Y to the current coordinates when the command is met.  Thus,
           "OP_MARK" can be used for arbitrary reasons, easy marking the geometrical positions
           that undergo the block wrapping.

       As can be noticed, these opcodes are far not enough for the full-weight rich text viewer.
       However, the new opcodes can be created using "tb::opcode", that accepts the opcode length
       and returns the new opcode value.

   Rendering methods
       block_wrap
           "block_wrap" is the function, that is used to wrap a block into a given width.  It
           returns one or more text blocks with fully assigned headers. The returned blocks are
           located one below another, providing an illusion that the text itself is wrapped.  It
           does not only traverses the opcodes and sees if the command fit or not in the given
           width; it also splits the text strings if these do not fit.

           By default the wrapping can occur either on a command boundary or by the spaces or tab
           characters in the text strings. The unsolicited wrapping can be prevented by using
           "OP_WRAP" command brackets. The commands inside these brackets are not wrapped;
           "OP_WRAP" commands are removed from the output blocks.

           In general, "block_wrap" copies all commands and their parameters as is, ( as it is
           supposed to do ), but some commands are treated especially:

           - "OP_TEXT"'s third parameter, "TEXT_WIDTH", is disregarded, and is recalculated for
           every "OP_TEXT" met.

           - If "OP_TRANSPOSE"'s third parameter, "X_FLAGS" contains "X_DIMENSION_FONT_HEIGHT"
           flag, the command coordinates X and Y are multiplied to the current font height and
           the flag is cleared in the output block.

           - "OP_MARK"'s second and third parameters assigned to the current (X,Y) coordinates.

           - "OP_WRAP" removed from the output.

       block_draw CANVAS, BLOCK, X, Y
           The "block_draw" draws BLOCK onto CANVAS in screen coordinates (X,Y).  It can not only
           be used for drawing inside begin_paint/end_paint brackets; CANVAS can be an arbitrary
           "Prima::Drawable" descendant.

   Coordinate system methods
       Prima::TextView employs two its own coordinate systems: (X,Y)-document and
       (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK)-block.

       The document coordinate system is isometric and measured in pixels. Its origin is located
       into the imaginary point of the beginning of the document ( not of the first block! ), in
       the upper-left point. X increases to the right, Y increases downwards.  The block header
       values BLK_X and BLK_Y are in document coordinates, and the widget's pane extents (
       regulated by "::paneSize", "::paneWidth" and "::paneHeight" properties ) are also in
       document coordinates.

       The block coordinate system in an-isometric - its second axis, BLOCK, is an index of a
       text block in the widget's blocks storage, "$self->{blocks}", and its first axis,
       TEXT_OFFSET is a text offset from the beginning of the block.

       Below described different coordinate system converters

       screen2point X, Y
           Accepts (X,Y) in the screen coordinates ( O is a lower left widget corner ), returns
           (X,Y) in document coordinates ( O is upper left corner of a document ).

       xy2info X, Y
           Accepts (X,Y) is document coordinates, returns (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK) coordinates, where
           TEXT_OFFSET is text offset from the beginning of a block ( not related to the big text
           chunk ) , and BLOCK is an index of a block.

       info2xy TEXT_OFFSET, BLOCK
           Accepts (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK) coordinates, and returns (X,Y) in document coordinates of
           a block.

       text2xoffset TEXT_OFFSET, BLOCK
           Returns X coordinate where TEXT_OFFSET begins in a BLOCK index.

       info2text_offset
           Accepts (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK) coordinates and returns the text offset with regard to the
           big text chunk.

       text_offset2info TEXT_OFFSET
           Accepts big text offset and returns (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK) coordinates

       text_offset2block TEXT_OFFSET
           Accepts big text offset and returns BLOCK coordinate.

   Text selection
       The text selection is performed automatically when the user selects the region with a
       mouse. The selection is stored in (TEXT_OFFSET,BLOCK) coordinate pair, and is accessible
       via the "::selection" property.  If its value is assigned to (-1,-1,-1,-1) this indicates
       that there is no selection. For convenience the "has_selection" method is introduced.

       Also, "get_selected_text" returns the text within the selection (or undef with no
       selection ), and "copy" copies automatically the selected text into the clipboard. The
       latter action is bound to "Ctrl+Insert" key combination.

   Event rectangles
       Partly as an option for future development, partly as a hack a concept of 'event
       rectangles' was introduced. Currently, "{contents}" private variable points to an array of
       objects, equipped with "on_mousedown", "on_mousemove", and "on_mouseup" methods. These are
       called within the widget's mouse events, so the overloaded classes can define the
       interactive content without overloading the actual mouse events ( which is although easy
       but is dependent on Prima::TextView own mouse reactions ).

       As an example Prima::PodView uses the event rectangles to catch the mouse events over the
       document links. Theoretically, every 'content' is to be bound with a separate logical
       layer; when the concept was designed, a html-browser was in mind, so such layers can be
       thought as ( in the html world ) links, image maps, layers, external widgets.

       Currently, "Prima::TextView::EventRectangles" class is provided for such usage. Its
       property "::rectangles" contains an array of rectangles, and the "contains" method returns
       an integer value, whether the passed coordinates are inside one of its rectangles or not;
       in the first case it is the rectangle index.