Provided by: librose-object-perl_0.859-1_all bug

NAME

       Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic - Create simple object methods.

SYNOPSIS

         package MyObject;

         use Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic
         (
           scalar =>
           [
             'power',
             'error',
           ],

           'scalar --get_set_init' => 'name',

           'boolean --get_set_init' => 'is_tall',

           boolean =>
           [
             'is_red',
             'is_happy' => { default => 1 },
           ],

           array =>
           [
             jobs       => {},
             job        => { interface => 'get_set_item', hash_key => 'jobs' },
             clear_jobs => { interface => 'clear', hash_key => 'jobs' },
             reset_jobs => { interface => 'reset', hash_key => 'jobs' },
           ],

           hash =>
           [
             param        => { hash_key => 'params' },
             params       => { interface => 'get_set_all' },
             param_names  => { interface => 'keys', hash_key => 'params' },
             param_values => { interface => 'values', hash_key => 'params' },
             param_exists => { interface => 'exists', hash_key => 'params' },
             delete_param => { interface => 'delete', hash_key => 'params' },

             clear_params => { interface => 'clear', hash_key => 'params' },
             reset_params => { interface => 'reset', hash_key => 'params' },
           ],
         );

         sub init_name    { 'Fred' }
         sub init_is_tall { 1 }
         ...

         $obj = MyObject->new(power => 5);

         print $obj->name; # Fred

         $obj->do_something or die $obj->error;

         $obj->is_tall;        # true
         $obj->is_tall(undef); # false (but defined)
         $obj->is_tall;        # false (but defined)

         $obj->is_red;         # undef
         $obj->is_red(1234);   # true
         $obj->is_red('');     # false (but defined)
         $obj->is_red;         # false (but defined)

         $obj->is_happy;       # true

         $obj->params(a => 1, b => 2);   # add pairs
         $val = $obj->param('b');        # 2
         $obj->param_exists('x');        # false

         $obj->jobs('butcher', 'baker'); # add values
         $obj->job(0 => 'sailor');       # set value
         $job = $obj->job(0);            # 'sailor'

DESCRIPTION

       Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic is a method maker that inherits from
       Rose::Object::MakeMethods.  See the Rose::Object::MakeMethods documentation to learn about
       the interface.  The method types provided by this module are described below.  All methods
       work only with hash-based objects.

METHODS TYPES

       scalar
           Create get/set methods for scalar attributes.

           Options
               "hash_key"
                   The key inside the hash-based object to use for the storage of this attribute.
                   Defaults to the name of the method.

               "init_method"
                   The name of the method to call when initializing the value of an undefined
                   attribute.  This option is only applicable when using the "get_set_init"
                   interface.  Defaults to the method name with the prefix "init_" added.

               "interface"
                   Choose one of the two possible interfaces.  Defaults to "get_set".

           Interfaces
               "get_set"
                   Creates a simple get/set accessor method for an object attribute.  When called
                   with an argument, the value of the attribute is set.  The current value of the
                   attribute is returned.

               "get_set_init"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the value of the attribute is
                   undefined.  In that case, the method specified by the "init_method" option is
                   called and the attribute is set to the return value of that method.

           Example:

               package MyObject;

               use Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic
               (
                 scalar => 'power',
                 'scalar --get_set_init' => 'name',
               );

               sub init_name { 'Fred' }
               ...

               $obj->power(99);    # returns 99
               $obj->name;         # returns "Fred"
               $obj->name('Bill'); # returns "Bill"

       boolean
           Create get/set methods for boolean attributes.  For each argument to these methods,
           the only thing that matters is whether it evaluates to true or false.  The return
           value is either, true, false (but defined), or undef if the value has never been set.

           Options
               "default"
                   Determines the default value of the attribute.  This option is only applicable
                   when using the "get_set" interface.

               "hash_key"
                   The key inside the hash-based object to use for the storage of this attribute.
                   Defaults to the name of the method.

               "init_method"
                   The name of the method to call when initializing the value of an undefined
                   attribute.  Again, the only thing that matters about the return value of this
                   method is whether or not is is true or false.  This option is only applicable
                   when using the "get_set_init" interface. Defaults to the method name with the
                   prefix "init_" added.

               "interface"
                   Choose one of the two possible interfaces.  Defaults to "get_set".

           Interfaces
               "get_set"
                   Creates a simple get/set accessor method for a boolean object attribute. When
                   called with an argument, the value of the attribute is set to true if the
                   argument evaluates to true, false (but defined) otherwise.  The current value
                   of the attribute is returned.

                   If Class::XSAccessor version 0.14 or later is installed and the
                   "ROSE_OBJECT_NO_CLASS_XSACCESOR" environment variable is not set to a true
                   value, then Class::XSAccessor will be used to generated the method.

               "get_set_init"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the value of the attribute is
                   undefined.  In that case, the method specified by the "init_method" option is
                   called and the attribute is set based on the boolean value of the return value
                   of that method.

           Example:

               package MyObject;

               use Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic
               (
                 'boolean --get_set_init' => 'is_tall',

                 boolean =>
                 [
                   'is_red',
                   'is_happy' => { default => 1 },
                 ],
               );

               sub init_is_tall { 'blah' }
               ...

               $obj->is_tall;        # returns true
               $obj->is_tall(undef); # returns false (but defined)
               $obj->is_tall;        # returns false (but defined)

               $obj->is_red;         # returns undef
               $obj->is_red(1234);   # returns true
               $obj->is_red('');     # returns false (but defined)
               $obj->is_red;         # returns false (but defined)

               $obj->is_happy;       # returns true

       hash
           Create methods to manipulate hash attributes.

           Options
               "hash_key"
                   The key inside the hash-based object to use for the storage of this attribute.
                   Defaults to the name of the method.

               "init_method"
                   The name of the method to call when initializing the value of an undefined
                   hash attribute.    This method should return a reference to a hash, and is
                   only applicable when using the "get_set_init" interface. Defaults to the
                   method name with the prefix "init_" added.

               "interface"
                   Choose which interface to use.  Defaults to "get_set".

           Interfaces
               "get_set"
                   If called with no arguments, returns a list of key/value pairs in list context
                   or a reference to the actual hash stored by the object in scalar context.

                   If called with one argument, and that argument is a reference to a hash, that
                   hash reference is used as the new value for the attribute.  Returns a list of
                   key/value pairs in list context or a reference to the actual hash stored by
                   the object in scalar context.

                   If called with one argument, and that argument is a reference to an array,
                   then a list of the hash values for each key in the array is returned.

                   If called with one argument, and it is not a reference to a hash or an array,
                   then the hash value for that key is returned.

                   If called with an even number of arguments, they are taken as name/value pairs
                   and are added to the hash.  It then returns a list of key/value pairs in list
                   context or a reference to the actual hash stored by the object in scalar
                   context.

                   Passing an odd number of arguments greater than 1 causes a fatal error.

               "get_set_init"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the attribute is undefined. In
                   that case, the method specified by the "init_method" option is called and the
                   attribute is set to the return value of that method, which should be a
                   reference to a hash.

               "get_set_inited"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the attribute is undefined. In
                   that case, it is initialized to an empty hash before proceeding as usual.

               "get_set_all"
                   If called with no arguments, returns a list of key/value pairs in list context
                   or a reference to the actual hash stored by the object in scalar context.

                   If called with one argument, and that argument is a reference to a hash, that
                   hash reference is used as the new value for the attribute.  Returns a list of
                   key/value pairs in list context or a reference to the actual hash stored by
                   the object in scalar context.

                   Otherwise, the hash is emptied and the arguments are taken as name/value pairs
                   that are then added to the hash.  It then returns a list of key/value pairs in
                   list context or a reference to the actual hash stored by the object in scalar
                   context.

               "get_set_init_all"
                   Behaves like the "get_set_all" interface unless the attribute is undefined. In
                   that case, the method specified by the "init_method" option is called and the
                   attribute is set to the return value of that method, which should be a
                   reference to a hash.

               "clear"
                   Sets the attribute to an empty hash.

               "reset"
                   Sets the attribute to undef.

               "delete"
                   Deletes the key(s) passed as arguments.  Failure to pass any arguments causes
                   a fatal error.

               "exists"
                   Returns true of the argument exists in the hash, false otherwise. Failure to
                   pass an argument or passing more than one argument causes a fatal error.

               "keys"
                   Returns the keys of the hash in list context, or a reference to an array of
                   the keys of the hash in scalar context.  The keys are not sorted.

               "names"
                   An alias for the "keys" interface.

               "values"
                   Returns the values of the hash in list context, or a reference to an array of
                   the values of the hash in scalar context.  The values are not sorted.

           Example:

               package MyObject;

               use Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic
               (
                 hash =>
                 [
                   param        => { hash_key =>'params' },
                   params       => { interface=>'get_set_all' },
                   param_names  => { interface=>'keys',   hash_key=>'params' },
                   param_values => { interface=>'values', hash_key=>'params' },
                   param_exists => { interface=>'exists', hash_key=>'params' },
                   delete_param => { interface=>'delete', hash_key=>'params' },

                   clear_params => { interface=>'clear', hash_key=>'params' },
                   reset_params => { interface=>'reset', hash_key=>'params' },
                 ],
               );
               ...

               $obj = MyObject->new;

               $obj->params; # undef

               $obj->params(a => 1, b => 2); # add pairs
               $val = $obj->param('b'); # 2

               %params = $obj->params; # copy hash keys and values
               $params = $obj->params; # get hash ref

               $obj->params({ c => 3, d => 4 }); # replace contents

               $obj->param_exists('a'); # false

               $keys = join(',', sort $obj->param_names);  # 'c,d'
               $vals = join(',', sort $obj->param_values); # '3,4'

               $obj->delete_param('c');
               $obj->param(f => 7, g => 8);

               $vals = join(',', sort $obj->param_values); # '4,7,8'

               $obj->clear_params;
               $params = $obj->params; # empty hash

               $obj->reset_params;
               $params = $obj->params; # undef

       array
           Create methods to manipulate array attributes.

           Options
               "hash_key"
                   The key inside the hash-based object to use for the storage of this attribute.
                   Defaults to the name of the method.

               "init_method"
                   The name of the method to call when initializing the value of an undefined
                   array attribute.    This method should return a reference to an array.  This
                   option is only applicable when using the "get_set_init", "push", and "add"
                   interfaces.  When using the "get_set_init" interface, "init_method" defaults
                   to the method name with the prefix "init_" added.

               "interface"
                   Choose which interface to use.  Defaults to "get_set".

           Interfaces
               "get_set"
                   If called with no arguments, returns the array contents in list context or a
                   reference to the actual array stored by the object in scalar context.

                   If called with one argument, and that argument is a reference to an array,
                   that array reference is used as the new value for the attribute. Returns the
                   array contents in list context or a reference to the actual array stored by
                   the object in scalar context.

                   If called with one argument, and that argument is not a reference to an array,
                   or if called with more than one argument, then the array contents are replaced
                   by the arguments.  Returns the array contents in list context or a reference
                   to the actual array stored by the object in scalar context.

               "get_set_init"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the attribute is undefined. In
                   that case, the method specified by the "init_method" option is called and the
                   attribute is set to the return value of that method, which should be a
                   reference to an array.

               "get_set_inited"
                   Behaves like the "get_set" interface unless the attribute is undefined. In
                   that case, it is initialized to an empty array before proceeding as usual.

               "get_set_item"
                   If called with one argument, returns the item at that array index.

                   If called with two arguments, sets the item at the array index specified by
                   the first argument to the value specified by the second argument.

                   Failure to pass any arguments causes a fatal error.

               "exists"
                   Returns true of the argument exists in the hash, false otherwise. Failure to
                   pass an argument or passing more than one argument causes a fatal error.

               "add"
                   An alias for the "push" interface.

               "push"
                   If called with a list or a reference to an array, the contents of the list or
                   referenced array are added to the end of the array.  If called with no
                   arguments, a fatal error will occur.

               "pop"
                   Remove an item from the end of the array and returns it.  If an integer
                   argument is passed, then that number of items is removed and returned.
                   Otherwise, just one is removed and returned.

               "shift"
                   Remove an item from the start of the array and returns it.  If an integer
                   argument is passed, then that number of items is removed and returned.
                   Otherwise, just one is removed and returned.

               "unshift"
                   If called with a list or a reference to an array, the contents of the list or
                   referenced array are added to the start of the array.  If called with no
                   arguments, a fatal error will occur.

               "clear"
                   Sets the attribute to an empty array.

               "reset"
                   Sets the attribute to undef.

           Example:

               package MyObject;

               use Rose::Object::MakeMethods::Generic
               (
                 array =>
                 [
                   jobs       => {},
                   job        => { interface => 'get_set_item',
                                   hash_key  => 'jobs' },
                   clear_jobs => { interface => 'clear', hash_key => 'jobs' },
                   reset_jobs => { interface => 'reset', hash_key => 'jobs' },
                 ],
               );
               ...

               $obj = MyObject->new;

               $jobs = $obj->jobs; # undef

               $obj->clear_jobs();
               $jobs = $obj->jobs; # ref to empty array

               $obj->jobs('butcher', 'baker'); # add values
               $vals = join(',', $obj->jobs);  # 'butcher,baker'

               $obj->jobs([ 'candlestick', 'maker' ]); # replace values

               $vals = join(',', $obj->jobs); # 'candlestick,maker'

               $job = $obj->job(0);      # 'candlestick'
               $obj->job(0 => 'sailor'); # set value
               $job = $obj->job(0);      # 'sailor'

               $obj->reset_jobs;
               $jobs = $obj->jobs; # undef

AUTHOR

       John C. Siracusa (siracusa@gmail.com)

LICENSE

       Copyright (c) 2010 by John C. Siracusa.  All rights reserved.  This program is free
       software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.