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       SoVRMLSpotLight -

       The SoVRMLSpotLight class defines a spot light source.

       The detailed class documentation is taken verbatim from the VRML97 standard (ISO/IEC
       14772-1:1997). It is copyright The Web3D Consortium, and is used by permission of the


       #include <Inventor/VRMLnodes/SoVRMLSpotLight.h>

       Inherits SoVRMLLight.

   Public Member Functions
       SoVRMLSpotLight (void)
       virtual void GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action)

   Static Public Member Functions
       static void initClass (void)

   Public Attributes
       SoSFVec3f location
       SoSFVec3f direction
       SoSFFloat beamWidth
       SoSFFloat cutOffAngle
       SoSFFloat radius
       SoSFVec3f attenuation

   Protected Member Functions
       virtual ~SoVRMLSpotLight ()

Detailed Description

       The SoVRMLSpotLight class defines a spot light source.

       The detailed class documentation is taken verbatim from the VRML97 standard (ISO/IEC
       14772-1:1997). It is copyright The Web3D Consortium, and is used by permission of the

         SpotLight {
           exposedField SFFloat ambientIntensity  0         # [0,1]
           exposedField SFVec3f attenuation       1 0 0     # [0,inf)
           exposedField SFFloat beamWidth         1.570796  # (0,pi/2]
           exposedField SFColor color             1 1 1     # [0,1]
           exposedField SFFloat cutOffAngle       0.785398  # (0,pi/2]
           exposedField SFVec3f direction         0 0 -1    # (-inf, inf)
           exposedField SFFloat intensity         1         # [0,1]
           exposedField SFVec3f location          0 0 0     # (-inf, inf)
           exposedField SFBool  on                TRUE
           exposedField SFFloat radius            100       # [0, inf)

       The SpotLight node defines a light source that emits light from a specific point along a specific direction vector and constrained within a solid angle. Spotlights may illuminate geometry nodes that respond to light sources and intersect the solid angle defined by the SpotLight. Spotlight nodes are specified in the local coordinate system and are affected by ancestors' transformations.

       A detailed description of ambientIntensity, color, intensity, and VRML's lighting equations is provided in 4.6.6, Light sources (<>). More information on lighting concepts can be found in 4.14, Lighting model (<>), including a detailed description of the VRML lighting equations.

       The location field specifies a translation offset of the centre point of the light source from the light's local coordinate system origin. This point is the apex of the solid angle which bounds light emission from the given light source.

       The direction field specifies the direction vector of the light's central axis defined in the local coordinate system.

       The on field specifies whether the light source emits light. If on is TRUE, the light source is emitting light and may illuminate geometry in the scene. If on is FALSE, the light source does not emit light and does not illuminate any geometry.

       The radius field specifies the radial extent of the solid angle and the maximum distance from location that may be illuminated by the light source. The light source does not emit light outside this radius. The radius shall be greater than or equal to zero.

       Both radius and location are affected by ancestors' transformations (scales affect radius and transformations affect location).

       The cutOffAngle field specifies the outer bound of the solid angle. The light source does not emit light outside of this solid angle.

       The beamWidth field specifies an inner solid angle in which the light source emits light at uniform full intensity. The light source's emission intensity drops off from the inner solid angle (beamWidth) to the outer solid angle (cutOffAngle) as described in the following equations:

         angle = the angle between the Spotlight's direction vector
                 and the vector from the Spotlight location to the point
                 to be illuminated

         if (angle >= cutOffAngle):
           multiplier = 0
         else if (angle <= beamWidth):
           multiplier = 1
           multiplier = (angle - cutOffAngle) / (beamWidth - cutOffAngle)

         intensity(angle) = SpotLight.intensity × multiplier

       If the beamWidth is greater than the cutOffAngle, beamWidth is defined to be equal to the cutOffAngle and the light source emits full intensity within the entire solid angle defined by cutOffAngle. Both beamWidth and cutOffAngle shall be greater than 0.0 and less than or equal to pi/2.

       Figure 6.16 depicts the beamWidth, cutOffAngle, direction, location, and radius fields of the SpotLight node.

         Figure 6.16 -- SpotLight node

       SpotLight illumination falls off with distance as specified by three attenuation coefficients. The attenuation factor is

         1/max(attenuation[0] + attenuation[1]×r + attenuation[2]×r^2 , 1),

       where r is the distance from the light to the surface being illuminated. The default is no attenuation. An attenuation value of (0, 0, 0) is identical to (1, 0, 0). Attenuation values shall be greater than or equal to zero. A detailed description of VRML's lighting equations is contained in 4.14, Lighting model (<>).

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

   SoVRMLSpotLight::SoVRMLSpotLight (void) Constructor.
   SoVRMLSpotLight::~SoVRMLSpotLight () [protected, virtual] Destructor.

Member Function Documentation

   void SoVRMLSpotLight::initClass (void) [static] Sets up initialization for data common to all
       instances of this class, like submitting necessary information to the Coin type system.
       Reimplemented from SoVRMLLight.

   void SoVRMLSpotLight::GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action) [virtual] Action method for the
       This is called during rendering traversals. Nodes influencing the rendering state in any
       way or who wants to throw geometry primitives at OpenGL overrides this method.

       Reimplemented from SoVRMLLight.

Member Data Documentation

   SoSFVec3f SoVRMLSpotLight::location The light position. Default value is (0, 0, 0).
   SoSFVec3f SoVRMLSpotLight::direction The light direction. Default value is (0, 0, 1).
   SoSFFloat SoVRMLSpotLight::beamWidth The spot beam width. Default value is PI/2.
   SoSFFloat SoVRMLSpotLight::cutOffAngle The spot light cut off angle. Default value is PI/4.
   SoSFFloat SoVRMLSpotLight::radius The light radius. Light is not emitted past it. Default
       value is 100.
   SoSFVec3f SoVRMLSpotLight::attenuation The attenuiation vector. Default value is (1, 0, 0).


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