Provided by: tcl8.5-doc_8.5.11-1ubuntu1_all bug

NAME

       Tcl_CreateTrace, Tcl_CreateObjTrace, Tcl_DeleteTrace - arrange for command execution to be
       traced

SYNOPSIS

       #include <tcl.h>

       Tcl_Trace
       Tcl_CreateTrace(interp, level, proc, clientData)

       Tcl_Trace
       Tcl_CreateObjTrace(interp, level, flags, objProc, clientData, deleteProc)

       Tcl_DeleteTrace(interp, trace)

ARGUMENTS

       Tcl_Interp *interp (in)                             Interpreter containing command  to  be
                                                           traced or untraced.

       int level (in)                                      Only commands at or below this nesting
                                                           level  will  be  traced  unless  0  is
                                                           specified.  1 means top-level commands
                                                           only, 2 means  top-level  commands  or
                                                           those  that  are  invoked as immediate
                                                           consequences  of  executing  top-level
                                                           commands  (procedure bodies, bracketed
                                                           commands, etc.) and so on.  A value of
                                                           0 means that commands at any level are
                                                           traced.

       int flags (in)                                      Flags governing the  trace  execution.
                                                           See below for details.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc *objProc (in)                   Procedure  to  call  for  each command
                                                           that  is  executed.   See  below   for
                                                           details of the calling sequence.

       Tcl_CmdTraceProc *proc (in)                         Procedure  to  call  for  each command
                                                           that  is  executed.   See  below   for
                                                           details on the calling sequence.

       ClientData clientData (in)                          Arbitrary  one-word  value  to pass to
                                                           objProc or proc.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc *deleteProc (in)          Procedure to call when  the  trace  is
                                                           deleted.  See below for details of the
                                                           calling sequence.  A NULL  pointer  is
                                                           permissible and results in no callback
                                                           when the trace is deleted.

       Tcl_Trace trace (in)                                Token for trace to be removed  (return
                                                           value    from    previous    call   to
                                                           Tcl_CreateTrace).
_________________________________________________________________

DESCRIPTION

       Tcl_CreateObjTrace arranges for command tracing.  After it  is  called,  objProc  will  be
       invoked before the Tcl interpreter calls any command procedure when evaluating commands in
       interp.  The return value from Tcl_CreateObjTrace is a token for the trace, which  may  be
       passed  to  Tcl_DeleteTrace  to  remove  the  trace.   There  may be many traces in effect
       simultaneously for the same interpreter.

       objProc should have arguments and result that match the type, Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc:
              typedef int Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc(
                      ClientData clientData,
                      Tcl_Interp* interp,
                      int level,
                      const char *command,
                      Tcl_Command commandToken,
                      int objc,
                      Tcl_Obj *const objv[] );
       The clientData and interp parameters are copies of the corresponding  arguments  given  to
       Tcl_CreateTrace.   ClientData  typically  points to an application-specific data structure
       that describes what to do when objProc is invoked.  The level parameter gives the  nesting
       level  of  the  command (1 for top-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval by the application, 2
       for the next-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval as part of parsing or interpreting  level-1
       commands,  and so on). The command parameter points to a string containing the text of the
       command, before any argument substitution.  The commandToken parameter is  a  Tcl  command
       token   that  identifies  the  command  to  be  invoked.   The  token  may  be  passed  to
       Tcl_GetCommandName,   Tcl_GetCommandInfoFromToken,   or   Tcl_SetCommandInfoFromToken   to
       manipulate the definition of the command. The objc and objv parameters designate the final
       parameter count and parameter vector that will be passed to the command, and have had  all
       substitutions performed.

       The  objProc  callback  is  expected to return a standard Tcl status return code.  If this
       code is TCL_OK (the normal case), then the Tcl interpreter will invoke the  command.   Any
       other  return  code  is treated as if the command returned that status, and the command is
       not invoked.

       The objProc callback must not modify objv in any way.   It  is,  however,  permissible  to
       change the command by calling Tcl_SetCommandTokenInfo prior to returning.  Any such change
       takes effect immediately, and the command is invoked with the new information.

       Tracing will only occur for commands at nesting level less than  or  equal  to  the  level
       parameter  (i.e.  the  level parameter to objProc will always be less than or equal to the
       level parameter to Tcl_CreateTrace).

       Tracing has a significant effect on runtime performance because  it  causes  the  bytecode
       compiler  to refrain from generating in-line code for Tcl commands such as if and while in
       order that they may be traced.  If traces for the built-in commands are not required,  the
       flags  parameter  may  be set to the constant value TCL_ALLOW_INLINE_COMPILATION.  In this
       case, traces on built-in commands may or may not result in trace callbacks,  depending  on
       the  state  of  the  interpreter, but run-time performance will be improved significantly.
       (This functionality is desirable, for example, when using Tcl_CreateObjTrace to  implement
       an execution time profiler.)

       Calls  to  objProc  will be made by the Tcl parser immediately before it calls the command
       procedure for the command (cmdProc).  This occurs after argument parsing and substitution,
       so  tracing  for substituted commands occurs before tracing of the commands containing the
       substitutions.  If there is a syntax error in  a  command,  or  if  there  is  no  command
       procedure associated with a command name, then no tracing will occur for that command.  If
       a string passed to Tcl_Eval contains multiple commands (bracketed, or on different  lines)
       then multiple calls to objProc will occur, one for each command.

       Tcl_DeleteTrace  removes  a  trace,  so that no future calls will be made to the procedure
       associated with the trace.  After Tcl_DeleteTrace returns, the caller should  never  again
       use the trace token.

       When  Tcl_DeleteTrace is called, the interpreter invokes the deleteProc that was passed as
       a   parameter   to   Tcl_CreateObjTrace.    The   deleteProc   must   match   the    type,
       Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc:
              typedef void Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc(
                      ClientData clientData);
       The  clientData parameter will be the same as the clientData parameter that was originally
       passed to Tcl_CreateObjTrace.

       Tcl_CreateTrace is an alternative interface for command tracing, not recommended  for  new
       applications.   It is provided for backward compatibility with code that was developed for
       older versions of the Tcl interpreter.  It is similar to Tcl_CreateObjTrace,  except  that
       its proc parameter should have arguments and result that match the type Tcl_CmdTraceProc:
              typedef void Tcl_CmdTraceProc(
                      ClientData clientData,
                      Tcl_Interp *interp,
                      int level,
                      char *command,
                      Tcl_CmdProc *cmdProc,
                      ClientData cmdClientData,
                      int argc,
                      const char *argv[]);
       The  parameters  to  the proc callback are similar to those of the objProc callback above.
       The commandToken is replaced  with  cmdProc,  a  pointer  to  the  (string-based)  command
       procedure  that will be invoked; and cmdClientData, the client data that will be passed to
       the procedure.  The objc parameter is replaced with an  argv  parameter,  that  gives  the
       arguments  to  the command as character strings.  Proc must not modify the command or argv
       strings.

       If a trace created with Tcl_CreateTrace is in effect, inline compilation of  Tcl  commands
       such  as  if  and while is always disabled.  There is no notification when a trace created
       with Tcl_CreateTrace is deleted.  There is no way to be notified when the trace created by
       Tcl_CreateTrace  is  deleted.   There  is  no  way  for the proc associated with a call to
       Tcl_CreateTrace to abort execution of command.

KEYWORDS

       command, create, delete, interpreter, trace