Provided by: perl-tk_804.029-1.1ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       getOpenFile, getSaveFile - pop up a dialog box for the user to select a file to open or


           $widget->getOpenFile(?-option=>value, ...>?)

           $widget->getSaveFile(?-option=>value, ...>?)


       The methods getOpenFile and getSaveFile pop up a dialog box for the user to select a file
       to open or save.

       The getOpenFile method is usually associated with the Open command in the File menu.  Its
       purpose is for the user to select an existing file only.  If the user enters an non-
       existent file, the dialog box gives the user an error prompt and requires the user to give
       an alternative selection. If an application allows the user to create new files, it should
       do so by providing a separate New menu command.

       The getSaveFile method is usually associated with the Save as command in the File menu. If
       the user enters a file that already exists, the dialog box prompts the user for
       confirmation whether the existing file should be overwritten or not.

       If the user selects a file, both getOpenFile and getSaveFile return the full pathname of
       this file. If the user cancels the operation, both commands return an undefined value.

       The following option-value pairs are possible as command line arguments to these two

       -defaultextension => extension
           Specifies a string that will be appended to the filename if the user enters a filename
           without an extension. The default value is the empty string, which means no extension
           will be appended to the filename in any case. This option is ignored on the Macintosh
           platform, which does not require extensions to filenames, and the UNIX implementation
           guesses reasonable values  for  this from the -filetypes option when this is not

       -filetypes => [filePattern ?, ...?]
           If a File types listbox exists in the file dialog on the particular platform, this
           option gives the filetypes in this listbox. When the user choose a filetype in the
           listbox, only the files of that type are listed. If this option is unspecified, or if
           it is set to the empty list, or if the File types listbox is not supported by the
           particular platform then all files are listed regardless of their types. See
           "SPECIFYING FILE PATTERNS" below for a discussion on the contents of filePatterns.

       -initialdir => directory
           Specifies that the files in directory should be displayed when the dialog pops up. If
           this parameter is not specified, then the files in the current working directory are
           displayed.  This option may not always work on the Macintosh.  This is not a bug.
           Rather, the General Controls control panel on the Mac allows the end user to override
           the application default directory.

       -initialfile => filename
           Specifies a filename to be displayed in the dialog when it pops up. This option is
           ignored by the getOpenFile method.

           Allows the user to choose multiple files from the Open dialog.  On the Macintosh, this
           is only available when Navigation Services are installed.

       -message => string
           Specifies a message to include in the client area of the dialog. This is only
           available on the Macintosh, and only when Navigation Services are installed.

       -title => titleString
           Specifies a string to display as the title of the dialog box. If this option is not
           specified, then a default title is displayed. This option is ignored on the Macintosh


       The filePatterns given by the -filetypes option are a list of file patterns. Each file
       pattern is a list of the form

        typeName [extension ?extension ...?] ?[macType ?macType ...?]?

       typeName is the name of the file type described by this file pattern and is the text
       string that appears in the File types listbox. extension is a file extension for this file
       pattern.  macType is a four-character Macintosh file type. The list of macTypes is
       optional and may be omitted for applications that do not need to execute on the Macintosh

       Several file patterns may have the same typeName, in which case they refer to the same
       file type and share the same entry in the listbox. When the user selects an entry in the
       listbox, all the files that match at least one of the file patterns corresponding to that
       entry are listed. Usually, each file pattern corresponds to a distinct type of file. The
       use of more than one file patterns for one type of file is necessary on the Macintosh
       platform only.

       On the Macintosh platform, a file matches a file pattern if its name matches at least one
       of the extension(s) AND it belongs to at least one of the macType(s) of the file pattern.
       For example, the C Source Files file pattern in the sample code matches with files that
       have a \.c extension AND belong to the macType TEXT. To use the OR rule instead, you can
       use two file patterns, one with the extensions only and the other with the macType only.
       The GIF Files file type in the sample code matches files that EITHER have a \.gif
       extension OR belong to the macType GIFF.

       On the Unix and Windows platforms, a file matches a file pattern if its name matches at at
       least one of the extension(s) of the file pattern. The macTypes are ignored.


       On the Unix and Macintosh platforms, extensions are matched using glob-style pattern
       matching. On the Windows platforms, extensions are matched by the underlying operating
       system. The types of possible extensions are: (1) the special extension * matches any
       file; (2) the special extension "" matches any files that do not have an extension (i.e.,
       the filename contains no full stop character); (3) any character string that does not
       contain any wild card characters (* and ?).

       Due to the different pattern matching rules on the various platforms, to ensure
       portability, wild card characters are not allowed in the extensions, except as in the
       special extension *. Extensions without a full stop character (e.g, ~) are allowed but may
       not work on all platforms.


       See "CAVEATS" in Tk::chooseDirectory.


        my $types = [
            ['Text Files',       ['.txt', '.text']],
            ['TCL Scripts',      '.tcl'           ],
            ['C Source Files',   '.c',      'TEXT'],
            ['GIF Files',        '.gif',          ],
            ['GIF Files',        '',        'GIFF'],
            ['All Files',        '*',             ],
        my $filename = $widget->getOpenFile(-filetypes=>$types);

        if ($filename ne "") {
            # Open the file ...


       Tk::FBox, Tk::FileSelect


       file selection dialog