Provided by: libyaml-appconfig-perl_0.16-2_all bug


       YAML::AppConfig - Manage configuration files with YAML and variable reference.


           use YAML::AppConfig;

           # An extended example.  YAML can also be loaded from a file.
           my $string = <<'YAML';
           root_dir: /opt
           etc_dir: $root_dir/etc
           cron_dir: $etc_dir/cron.d
           var_dir $root_dir/var
           var2_dir: ${var_dir}2
           usr: $root_dir/usr
           usr_local: $usr/local
               system: $usr/lib
               local: $usr_local/lib
                   vendor: $system/perl
                   site: $local/perl
           escape_example: $root_dir/\$var_dir/\\$var_dir

           # Load the YAML::AppConfig from the given YAML.
           my $conf = YAML::AppConfig->new(string => $string);

           # Get settings in two different ways, both equivalent:
           $conf->get("etc_dir");    # returns /opt/etc
           $conf->get_etc_dir;       # returns /opt/etc

           # Get raw settings (with no interpolation) in three equivalent ways:
           $conf->get("etc_dir", 1); # returns '$root_dir/etc'
           $conf->get_etc_dir(1);    # returns '$root_dir/etc'
           $conf->config->{etc_dir}; # returns '$root_dir/etc'

           # Set etc_dir in three different ways, all equivalent.
           $conf->set("etc_dir", "/usr/local/etc");
           $conf->config->{etc_dir} = "/usr/local/etc";

           # Changing a setting can affect other settings:
           $config->get_var2_dir;          # returns /opt/var2
           $config->set_var_dir('/var/');  # change var_dr, which var2_dir uses.
           $config->get_var2_dir;          # returns /var2

           # Variables are dynamically scoped:
           $config->get_libs->{perl}->{vendor};  # returns "/opt/usr/lib/perl"

           # As seen above, variables are live and not static:
           $config->usr_dir('cows are good: $root_dir');
           $config->get_usr_dir();               # returns "cows are good: /opt"
           $config->resolve('rm -fR $root_dir'); # returns "rm -fR /opt"

           # Variables can be escaped, to avoid accidental interpolation:
           $config->get_escape_example();  # returns "/opt/$var_dir/\$var_dir"

           # Merge in other configurations:
           my $yaml =<<'YAML';
           root_dir: cows
           foo: are good
           $config->merge(string => $yaml);
           $config->get_root_dir();  # returns "cows"
           $config->get_foo();  # returns "are good"

           # Get the raw YAML for your current configuration:
           $config->dump();  # returns YAML as string
           $config->dump("./conf.yaml");  # Writes YAML to ./conf.yaml


       YAML::AppConfig extends the work done in Config::YAML and YAML::ConfigFile to allow more
       flexiable configuration files.

       Your configuration is stored in YAML and then parsed and presented to you via
       YAML::AppConfig.  Settings can be referenced using "get" and "set" methods and settings
       can refer to one another by using variables of the form $foo, much in the style of
       "AppConfig".  See USING VARIABLES below for more details.

       The underlying YAML parser is either YAML, YAML::Syck or one of your chosing.  See THE
       YAML LIBRARY below for more information on how a YAML parser is picked.


       At this time there are two API compatible YAML libraries for Perl.  YAML and YAML::Syck.
       YAML::AppConfig chooses which YAML parser to use as follows:

           If "yaml_class" is given to "new" then it used above all other considerations.  You
           can use this to force use of YAML or YAML::Syck when YAML::AppConfig isn't using the
           one you'd like.  You can also use it specify your own YAML parser, as long as it's API
           compatiable with YAML and YAML::Syck.

       The currently loaded YAML Parser
           If you don't specify "yaml_class" then YAML::AppConfig will default to using an
           already loaded YAML parser, e.g. one of YAML or YAML::Syck.  If both are loaded then
           YAML::Syck is preferred.

       An installed YAML Parser.
           If no YAML parser has already been loaded then YAML::AppConfig will attempt to load
           YAML::Syck and failing that it will attempt to load YAML.  If both fail then
           YAML::AppConfig will "croak" when you create a new object instance.


   Variable Syntax
       Variables refer to other settings inside the configuration file.  YAML::AppConfig
       variables have the same form as scalar variables in Perl.  That is they begin with a
       dollar sign and then start with a letter or an underscore and then have zero or more
       letters, numbers, or underscores which follow.  For example, $foo, $_bar, and $cat_3 are
       all valid variable names.

       Variable names can also be contained in curly brackets so you can have a variable side-by-
       side with text that might otherwise be read as the name of the variable itself.  For
       example, "${foo}bar" is the the variable $foo immediately followed by the literal text
       "bar".  Without the curly brackets YAML::AppConfig would assume the variable name was
       $foobar, which is incorrect.

       Variables can also be escaped by using backslashes.  The text "\$foo" will resolve to the
       literal string $foo.  Likewise "\\$foo" will resolve to the literal string "\$foo", and so

   Variable Scoping
       YAML is essentially a serialization language and so it follows that your configuration
       file is just an easy to read serialization of some data structure.  YAML::AppConfig
       assumes the top most data structure is a hash and that variables are keys in that hash, or
       in some hash contained within.

       If every hash in the configuration file is thought of as a namespace then the variables
       can be said to be dynamically scoped.  For example, consider the following configuration

           foo: world
           bar: hello
               - $foo
               - {foo: dogs, cats: $foo}
               - $foo $bar
               quack: $baz

       In this sample configuration the array contained by $baz has two elements.  The first
       element resolves to the value "hello", the second element resolves to the value "dogs",
       and the third element resolves to "hello world".

   Variable Resolving
       Variables can also refer to entire data structures.  For example, $quack will resolve to
       the same three element array as $baz.  However, YAML natively gives you this ability and
       then some.  So consider using YAML's ability to take references to structures if
       YAML::AppConfig is not providing enough power for your use case.

       In a YAML::AppConfig object the variables are not resolved until you retrieve the variable
       (e.g. using "get()".  This allows you to change settings which are used by other settings
       and update many settings at once.  For example, if I call "set("baz", "cows")" then
       "get("quack")" will resolve to "cows".

       If a variable can not be resolved because it doesn't correspond to a key currently in
       scope then the variable will be left verbatim in the text.  Consider this example:

               bar: food
               baz: $bar
               qix: $no_exist

       In this example $baz resolves to the literal string $bar since $bar is not visible within
       the current scope where $baz is used.  Likewise, $qix resolves to the literal string
       $no_exist since there is no key in the current scope named "no_exist".


       Creates a new YAML::AppConfig object and returns it.  new() accepts the following key
       values pairs:

       file    The name of the file which contains your YAML configuration.

       string  A string containing your YAML configuration.

       object  A YAML::AppConfig object which will be deep copied into your object.

               If true no attempt at variable resolution is done on calls to "get()".

               The name of the class we should use to find our "LoadFile" and "Load" functions
               for parsing YAML files and strings, respectively.  The named class should provide
               both "LoadFile" and "Load" as functions and should be loadable via "require".

   get(key, [no_resolve])
       Given $key the value of that setting is returned, same as "get_$key".  If $no_resolve is
       true then the raw value associated with $key is returned, no variable interpolation is

       It is assumed that $key refers to a setting at the top level of the configuration file.

   set(key, value)
       The setting $key will have its value changed to $value.  It is assumed that $key refers to
       a setting at the top level of the configuration file.

       Convenience methods to retrieve values using a method, see "get".  For example if
       "foo_bar" is a configuration key in top level of your YAML file then "get_foo_bar"
       retrieves its value.  These methods are curried versions of "get".  These functions all
       take a single optional argument, $no_resolve, which is the same as "get()'s" $no_resolve.

       Convience methods to set values using a method, see "set" and "get_*".  These methods are
       curried versions of "set".

       Returns the hash reference to the raw config hash.  None of the values are interpolated,
       this is just the raw data.

       Returns the keys in "config()" sorted from first to last.

       Merge takes another YAML configuration and merges it into this one.  %args are the same as
       those passed to "new()", so the configuration can come from a file, string, or existing
       YAML::AppConfig object.

       "resolve()" runs the internal parser on non-reference scalars and returns the result.  If
       the scalar is a reference then it is deep copied and a copy is returned where the non-
       reference leaves of the data struture are parsed and replaced as described in USING

       Serializes the current configuration using the YAML parser's Dump or, if $file is given,
       DumpFile functions.  No interpolation is done, so the configuration is saved raw.  Things
       like comments will be lost, just as they would if you did "Dump(Load($yaml))", because
       that is what what calling "dump()" on an instantiated object amounts to.


       Matthew O'Connor <>

       Original implementations by Kirrily "Skud" Robert (as YAML::ConfigFile) and Shawn Boyette
       (as Config::YAML).


       YAML, YAML::Syck, Config::YAML, YAML::ConfigFile


       Copyright 2006 Matthew O'Connor, All Rights Reserved.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.