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NAME

       bsearch - binary search of a sorted array

SYNOPSIS

       #include <stdlib.h>

       void *bsearch(const void *key, const void *base,
                     size_t nmemb, size_t size,
                     int (*compar)(const void *, const void *));

DESCRIPTION

       The  bsearch() function searches an array of nmemb objects, the initial member of which is
       pointed to by base, for a member that matches the object pointed to by key.  The  size  of
       each member of the array is specified by size.

       The  contents of the array should be in ascending sorted order according to the comparison
       function referenced by compar.  The compar routine is expected to have two arguments which
       point  to  the  key  object  and  to  an array member, in that order, and should return an
       integer less  than,  equal  to,  or  greater  than  zero  if  the  key  object  is  found,
       respectively, to be less than, to match, or be greater than the array member.

RETURN VALUE

       The  bsearch() function returns a pointer to a matching member of the array, or NULL if no
       match is found.  If there are multiple elements that match the key, the  element  returned
       is unspecified.

CONFORMING TO

       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001, C89, C99.

EXAMPLE

       The  example  below  first  sorts  an  array  of structures using qsort(3), then retrieves
       desired elements using bsearch().

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <string.h>

       struct mi {
           int nr;
           char *name;
       } months[] = {
           { 1, "jan" }, { 2, "feb" }, { 3, "mar" }, { 4, "apr" },
           { 5, "may" }, { 6, "jun" }, { 7, "jul" }, { 8, "aug" },
           { 9, "sep" }, {10, "oct" }, {11, "nov" }, {12, "dec" }
       };

       #define nr_of_months (sizeof(months)/sizeof(struct mi))

       static int
       compmi(const void *m1, const void *m2)
       {
           struct mi *mi1 = (struct mi *) m1;
           struct mi *mi2 = (struct mi *) m2;
           return strcmp(mi1->name, mi2->name);
       }

       int
       main(int argc, char **argv)
       {
           int i;

           qsort(months, nr_of_months, sizeof(struct mi), compmi);
           for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
               struct mi key, *res;
               key.name = argv[i];
               res = bsearch(&key, months, nr_of_months,
                             sizeof(struct mi), compmi);
               if (res == NULL)
                   printf("'%s': unknown month\n", argv[i]);
               else
                   printf("%s: month #%d\n", res->name, res->nr);
           }
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO

       hsearch(3), lsearch(3), qsort(3), tsearch(3)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-
       pages/.

                                            2003-11-01                                 BSEARCH(3)