Provided by: liblapack-doc_3.3.1-1_all NAME

LAPACK-3  - computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where
A is a band matrix of order N with KL subdiagonals and KU superdiagonals, and X and B  are
N-by-NRHS matrices

SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE CGBSV( N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO )

INTEGER       INFO, KL, KU, LDAB, LDB, N, NRHS

INTEGER       IPIV( * )

COMPLEX       AB( LDAB, * ), B( LDB, * )

PURPOSE

CGBSV  computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is
a band matrix of order N with KL subdiagonals and KU superdiagonals, and X and B are N-by-
NRHS matrices.
The LU decomposition with partial pivoting and row interchanges is
used to factor A as A = L * U, where L is a product of permutation
and unit lower triangular matrices with KL subdiagonals, and U is
upper triangular with KL+KU superdiagonals.  The factored form of A
is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

ARGUMENTS

N       (input) INTEGER
The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
matrix A.  N >= 0.

KL      (input) INTEGER
The number of subdiagonals within the band of A.  KL >= 0.

KU      (input) INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals within the band of A.  KU >= 0.

NRHS    (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

AB      (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAB,N)
On entry, the matrix A in band storage, in rows KL+1 to
2*KL+KU+1; rows 1 to KL of the array need not be set.
The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the
array AB as follows:
AB(KL+KU+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KU)<=i<=min(N,j+KL)
On exit, details of the factorization: U is stored as an
upper triangular band matrix with KL+KU superdiagonals in
rows 1 to KL+KU+1, and the multipliers used during the
factorization are stored in rows KL+KU+2 to 2*KL+KU+1.
See below for further details.

LDAB    (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= 2*KL+KU+1.

IPIV    (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
The pivot indices that define the permutation matrix P;
row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i).

B       (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.
On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

LDB     (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO    (output) INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, U(i,i) is exactly zero.  The factorization
has been completed, but the factor U is exactly
singular, and the solution has not been computed.

FURTHERDETAILS

The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when
M = N = 6, KL = 2, KU = 1:
On entry:                       On exit:
*    *    *    +    +    +       *    *    *   u14  u25  u36
*    *    +    +    +    +       *    *   u13  u24  u35  u46
*   a12  a23  a34  a45  a56      *   u12  u23  u34  u45  u56
a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66     u11  u22  u33  u44  u55  u66
a21  a32  a43  a54  a65   *      m21  m32  m43  m54  m65   *
a31  a42  a53  a64   *    *      m31  m42  m53  m64   *    *
Array elements marked * are not used by the routine; elements marked
+ need not be set on entry, but are required by the routine to store
elements of U because of fill-in resulting from the row interchanges.

LAPACK driver routine (version 3.2)        April 2011                             CGBSV(3lapack)