Provided by: tcllib_1.14-dfsg-1_all bug

NAME

       crc32 - Perform a 32bit Cyclic Redundancy Check

SYNOPSIS

       package require Tcl  8.2

       package require crc32  ?1.3?

       ::crc::crc32 ?-format format? ?-seed value? [ -channel chan | -filename file | message ]

       ::crc::Crc32Init ?seed?

       ::crc::Crc32Update token data

       ::crc::Crc32Final token

_________________________________________________________________

DESCRIPTION

       This  package provides a Tcl implementation of the CRC-32 algorithm based upon information
       provided  at  http://www.naaccr.org/standard/crc32/document.html  If  either  the   critcl
       package or the Trf package are available then a compiled version may be used internally to
       accelerate the checksum calculation.

COMMANDS

       ::crc::crc32 ?-format format? ?-seed value? [ -channel chan | -filename file | message ]
              The command takes either string data or a  channel  or  file  name  and  returns  a
              checksum value calculated using the CRC-32 algorithm. The result is formatted using
              the format(3tcl) specifier provided. The default is  to  return  the  value  as  an
              unsigned integer (format %u).

OPTIONS

       -channel name
              Return a checksum for the data read from a channel. The command will read data from
              the channel until the eof is true. If you need to be able to process events  during
              this calculation see the PROGRAMMING INTERFACE section

       -filename name
              This  is  a  convenience option that opens the specified file, sets the encoding to
              binary and then acts as if the -channel option had been used. The file is closed on
              completion.

       -format string
              Return the checksum using an alternative format template.

       -seed value
              Select  an  alternative  seed  value  for  the  CRC  calculation.  The  default  is
              0xffffffff. This can be useful for calculating the CRC for data structures  without
              first  converting the whole structure into a string. The CRC of the previous member
              can be used as the seed for calculating the CRC of the next member.  Note that  the
              crc32  algorithm  includes  a  final XOR step. If incremental processing is desired
              then this must be undone before using the output of the algorithm as the  seed  for
              further processing. A simpler alternative is to use the PROGRAMMING INTERFACE which
              is intended for this mode of operation.

PROGRAMMING INTERFACE

       The CRC-32 package implements the checksum using a context variable  to  which  additional
       data  can  be  added  at any time. This is expecially useful in an event based environment
       such as a Tk application or a web server package. Data to be checksummed  may  be  handled
       incrementally  during  a  fileevent  handler  in  discrete  chunks.  This  can improve the
       interactive  nature  of  a  GUI  application  and  can  help  to  avoid  excessive  memory
       consumption.

       ::crc::Crc32Init ?seed?
              Begins  a new CRC32 context. Returns a token ID that must be used for the remaining
              functions. An optional seed may be specified if required.

       ::crc::Crc32Update token data
              Add data to the checksum identified by token. Calling Crc32Update $token "abcd"  is
              equivalent  to calling Crc32Update $token "ab" followed by Crc32Update $token "cb".
              See EXAMPLES.

       ::crc::Crc32Final token
              Returns the checksum value and releases any resources held by this token. Once this
              command completes the token will be invalid. The result is a 32 bit integer value.

EXAMPLES

              % crc::crc32 "Hello, World!"
              3964322768

              % crc::crc32 -format 0x%X "Hello, World!"
              0xEC4AC3D0

              % crc::crc32 -file crc32.tcl
              483919716

              % set tok [crc::Crc32Init]
              % crc::Crc32Update $tok "Hello, "
              % crc::Crc32Update $tok "World!"
              % crc::Crc32Final $tok
              3964322768

AUTHORS

       Pat Thoyts

BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACK

       This  document,  and  the  package  it  describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other
       problems.   Please  report  such  in  the  category  crc  of  the   Tcllib   SF   Trackers
       [http://sourceforge.net/tracker/?group_id=12883].    Please  also  report  any  ideas  for
       enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.

SEE ALSO

       cksum(3tcl), crc16(3tcl), sum(3tcl)

KEYWORDS

       checksum, cksum, crc, crc32, cyclic redundancy check, data integrity, security

CATEGORY

       Hashes, checksums, and encryption

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 2002, Pat Thoyts