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NAME

       err, verr, errx, verrx, warn, vwarn, warnx, vwarnx - formatted error messages

SYNOPSIS

       #include <err.h>

       void err(int eval, const char *fmt, ...);

       void errx(int eval, const char *fmt, ...);

       void warn(const char *fmt, ...);

       void warnx(const char *fmt, ...);

       #include <stdarg.h>

       void verr(int eval, const char *fmt, va_list args);

       void verrx(int eval, const char *fmt, va_list args);

       void vwarn(const char *fmt, va_list args);

       void vwarnx(const char *fmt, va_list args);

DESCRIPTION

       The err() and warn() family of functions display a formatted error message on the standard
       error output.  In all cases, the last component of the program name,  a  colon  character,
       and  a  space  are  output.  If the fmt argument is not NULL, the printf(3)-like formatted
       error message is output.  The output is terminated by a newline character.

       The err(), verr(), warn(), and vwarn() functions append an  error  message  obtained  from
       strerror(3) based on the global variable errno, preceded by another colon and space unless
       the fmt argument is NULL.

       The errx() and warnx() functions do not append an error message.

       The err(), verr(), errx(), and verrx() functions do not return, but exit with the value of
       the argument eval.

EXAMPLES

       Display the current errno information string and exit:

           if ((p = malloc(size)) == NULL)
               err(1, NULL);
           if ((fd = open(file_name, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1)
               err(1, "%s", file_name);

       Display an error message and exit:

           if (tm.tm_hour < START_TIME)
               errx(1, "too early, wait until %s", start_time_string);

       Warn of an error:

           if ((fd = open(raw_device, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1)
               warnx("%s: %s: trying the block device",
                       raw_device, strerror(errno));
           if ((fd = open(block_device, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1)
               err(1, "%s", block_device);

CONFORMING TO

       These functions are nonstandard BSD extensions.

SEE ALSO

       error(3), exit(3), perror(3), printf(3), strerror(3)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at  http://man7.org/linux/man-
       pages/.