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isalnum, isalpha, isascii, isblank, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit - character classification routines
#include <ctype.h> int isalnum(int c); int isalpha(int c); int isascii(int c); int isblank(int c); int iscntrl(int c); int isdigit(int c); int isgraph(int c); int islower(int c); int isprint(int c); int ispunct(int c); int isspace(int c); int isupper(int c); int isxdigit(int c); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): isascii(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE isblank(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc -std=c99
These functions check whether c, which must have the value of an unsigned char or EOF, falls into a certain character class according to the current locale. isalnum() checks for an alphanumeric character; it is equivalent to (isalpha(c) || isdigit(c)). isalpha() checks for an alphabetic character; in the standard "C" locale, it is equivalent to (isupper(c) || islower(c)). In some locales, there may be additional characters for which isalpha() is true—letters which are neither upper case nor lower case. isascii() checks whether c is a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set. isblank() checks for a blank character; that is, a space or a tab. iscntrl() checks for a control character. isdigit() checks for a digit (0 through 9). isgraph() checks for any printable character except space. islower() checks for a lower-case character. isprint() checks for any printable character including space. ispunct() checks for any printable character which is not a space or an alphanumeric character. isspace() checks for white-space characters. In the "C" and "POSIX" locales, these are: space, form-feed ('\f'), newline ('\n'), carriage return ('\r'), horizontal tab ('\t'), and vertical tab ('\v'). isupper() checks for an uppercase letter. isxdigit() checks for a hexadecimal digits, that is, one of 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f A B C D E F.
The values returned are nonzero if the character c falls into the tested class, and a zero value if not.
C99, 4.3BSD. C89 specifies all of these functions except isascii() and isblank(). isascii() is a BSD extension and is also an SVr4 extension. isblank() conforms to POSIX.1-2001 and C99 126.96.36.199. POSIX.1-2008 marks isascii() as obsolete, noting that it cannot be used portably in a localized application.
The details of what characters belong into which class depend on the current locale. For example, isupper() will not recognize an A-umlaut (Ä) as an uppercase letter in the default C locale.
iswalnum(3), iswalpha(3), iswblank(3), iswcntrl(3), iswdigit(3), iswgraph(3), iswlower(3), iswprint(3), iswpunct(3), iswspace(3), iswupper(3), iswxdigit(3), setlocale(3), toascii(3), tolower(3), toupper(3), ascii(7), locale(7)
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