Provided by: tk8.4-doc_8.4.19-4_all bug


       message - Create and manipulate message widgets


       message pathName ?options?


       -anchor               -highlightbackground -takefocus
       -background           -highlightcolor      -text
       -borderwidth          -highlightthickness  -textvariable
       -cursor               -padx                -width
       -font                 -pady
       -foreground           -relief

       See the options manual entry for details on the standard options.


       [-aspect aspect]  Specifies  a  non-negative integer value indicating desired aspect ratio
       for the text.  The aspect ratio is specified as  100*width/height.   100  means  the  text
       should be as wide as it is tall, 200 means the text should be twice as wide as it is tall,
       50 means the text should be twice as tall as it is wide, and so on.  Used to  choose  line
       length  for  text  if  width option isn't specified.  Defaults to 150.  [-justify justify]
       Specifies how to justify lines of text.  Must be one of left, center, or right.   Defaults
       to  left.   This  option  works  together  with  the anchor, aspect, padX, padY, and width
       options to provide a variety of arrangements of the text within the  window.   The  aspect
       and  width  options  determine the amount of screen space needed to display the text.  The
       anchor, padX, and padY options determine where this rectangular area is  displayed  within
       the  widget's  window, and the justify option determines how each line is displayed within
       that rectangular region.  For example, suppose anchor is e and justify is left,  and  that
       the message window is much larger than needed for the text.  The text will be displayed so
       that the left edges of all the lines line up and the right edge of  the  longest  line  is
       padX  from  the  right  side of the window;  the entire text block will be centered in the
       vertical span of the window.  [-width width] Specifies the length of lines in the  window.
       The  value  may  have  any  of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels.  If this option has a
       value greater than zero then the aspect option is ignored and the width option  determines
       the  line  length.  If this option has a value less than or equal to zero, then the aspect
       option determines the line length.


       The message command creates a new window (given by the pathName  argument)  and  makes  it
       into  a  message  widget.   Additional  options,  described above, may be specified on the
       command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the  message  such  as  its
       colors,  font,  text,  and  initial  relief.   The  message  command  returns its pathName
       argument.  At the time this command is invoked,  there  must  not  exist  a  window  named
       pathName, but pathName's parent must exist.

       A  message is a widget that displays a textual string.  A message widget has three special
       features.  First, it breaks up its string into lines in order to produce  a  given  aspect
       ratio for the window.  The line breaks are chosen at word boundaries wherever possible (if
       not even a single word would fit on a line, then the word will  be  split  across  lines).
       Newline  characters  in the string will force line breaks;  they can be used, for example,
       to leave blank lines in the display.

       The second feature of a message widget is justification.  The text may be displayed  left-
       justified  (each  line  starts at the left side of the window), centered on a line-by-line
       basis, or right-justified (each line ends at the right side of the window).

       The third feature of a message widget is that  it  handles  control  characters  and  non-
       printing  characters  specially.   Tab  characters are replaced with enough blank space to
       line up on the next 8-character boundary.  Newlines  cause  line  breaks.   Other  control
       characters  (ASCII  code  less  than  0x20)  and  characters  not  defined in the font are
       displayed as a four-character sequence \xhh where hh is the two-digit  hexadecimal  number
       corresponding to the character.  In the unusual case where the font doesn't contain all of
       the characters in ``0123456789abcdef\x'' then control characters and undefined  characters
       are not displayed at all.


       The message command creates a new Tcl command whose name is pathName.  This command may be
       used to invoke various operations on the widget.  It has the following general form:
              pathName option ?arg arg ...?
       Option and the args determine the exact behavior of the command.  The  following  commands
       are possible for message widgets:

       pathName cget option
              Returns  the current value of the configuration option given by option.  Option may
              have any of the values accepted by the message command.

       pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
              Query or modify  the  configuration  options  of  the  widget.   If  no  option  is
              specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see
              Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on  the  format  of  this  list).   If  option  is
              specified  with  no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named
              option (this list will be identical to  the  corresponding  sublist  of  the  value
              returned  if  no  option  is  specified).   If  one  or more option-value pairs are
              specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have  the  given
              value(s);   in  this case the command returns an empty string.  Option may have any
              of the values accepted by the message command.


       When a new message is created, it has no default event bindings: messages are intended for
       output purposes only.


       Tabs  don't work very well with text that is centered or right-justified.  The most common
       result is that the line is justified wrong.


       message, widget