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NAME

       pt::peg::export - PEG Export

SYNOPSIS

       package require Tcl  8.5

       package require snit

       package require configuration

       package require pt::peg

       package require pluginmgr

       package require pt::peg::export  ?1?

       ::pt::peg::export objectName

       objectName method ?arg arg ...?

       objectName destroy

       objectName export serial serial ?format?

       objectName export object object ?format?

       objectName configuration names

       objectName configuration get

       objectName configuration set name ?value?

       objectName configuration unset pattern...

_________________________________________________________________

DESCRIPTION

       Are  you  lost  ?   Do you have trouble understanding this document ?  In that case please
       read the overview provided by the Introduction to  Parser  Tools.  This  document  is  the
       entrypoint to the whole system the current package is a part of.

       This  package  provides  a  manager  for  parsing  expression grammars, with each instance
       handling a set of plugins for the export of them to other formats, i.e.  their  conversion
       to, for example nroff, HTML, etc.

       It  resides  in  the  Export  section of the Core Layer of Parser Tools, and is one of the
       three pillars the management of parsing expression grammars resides on.

       IMAGE: arch_core_export

       The other two pillars are, as shown above

       [1]    PEG Import, and

       [2]    PEG Storage

       For information about the data structure which is the major input to the  manager  objects
       provided by this package see the section PEG serialization format.

       The  plugin system of this class is based on the package pluginmgr, and configured to look
       for plugins using

       [1]    the environment variable GRAMMAR_PEG_EXPORT_PLUGINS,

       [2]    the environment variable GRAMMAR_PEG_PLUGINS,

       [3]    the environment variable GRAMMAR_PLUGINS,

       [4]    the path "~/.grammar/peg/export/plugin"

       [5]    the path "~/.grammar/peg/plugin"

       [6]    the path "~/.grammar/plugin"

       [7]    the path "~/.grammar/peg/export/plugins"

       [8]    the path "~/.grammar/peg/plugins"

       [9]    the path "~/.grammar/plugins"

       [10]   the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\GRAMMAR\PEG\EXPORT\PLUGINS"

       [11]   the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\GRAMMAR\PEG\PLUGINS"

       [12]   the registry entry "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\GRAMMAR\PLUGINS"

       The last three are used only when the package is run on a machine  using  the  Windows(tm)
       operating system.

       The whole system is delivered with three predefined export plugins, namely

       container
              See PEG Export Plugin. To CONTAINER format for details.

       json   See PEG Export Plugin. To JSON format for details.

       peg    See PEG Export Plugin. To PEG format for details.

       For readers wishing to write their own export plugin for some format, i.e. plugin writers,
       reading and understanding the  Parser  Tools  Export  API  specification  is  an  absolute
       necessity, as it documents the interaction between this package and its plugins in detail.

API

   PACKAGE COMMANDS
       ::pt::peg::export objectName
              This  command  creates  a  new export manager object with an associated Tcl command
              whose name is objectName. This object command is explained in full  detail  in  the
              sections  Object  command  and  Object  methods. The object command will be created
              under the current namespace if the objectName is not fully qualified,  and  in  the
              specified namespace otherwise.

   OBJECT COMMAND
       All objects created by the ::pt::peg::export command have the following general form:

       objectName method ?arg arg ...?
              The  method  method and its arg'uments determine the exact behavior of the command.
              See section Object methods for the detailed specifications.

   OBJECT METHODS
       objectName destroy
              This method destroys the object it is invoked for.

       objectName export serial serial ?format?
              This method takes the canonical  serialization  of  a  parsing  expression  grammar
              stored  in  serial and converts it to the specified format, using the export plugin
              for the format. This will fail with an error if no plugin could be  found  for  the
              format.   The  string generated by the conversion process is returned as the result
              of this method.

              If no format is specified the method defaults to text.

              The specification of what a canonical serialization is can be found in the  section
              PEG serialization format.

              The  plugin  has  to conform to the interface documented in the Parser Tools Export
              API specification.

       objectName export object object ?format?
              This method is a convenient wrapper around the export serial  method  described  by
              the  previous  item.   It  expects  that  object  is an object command supporting a
              serialize method returning the canonical  serialization  of  a  parsing  expression
              grammar.  It  invokes  that method, feeds the result into export serial and returns
              the resulting string as its own result.

       objectName configuration names
              This method returns a list  containing  the  names  of  all  configuration  options
              currently known to the object.

       objectName configuration get
              This   method  returns  a  dictionary  containing  the  names  and  values  of  all
              configuration options currently known to the object.

       objectName configuration set name ?value?
              This method sets the configuration option name to the specified value  and  returns
              the new value of the option.

              If no value is specified it simply returns the current value, without changing it.

              Note  that  these  configuration  options  and  their values are simply passed to a
              plugin when the actual export is performed. It  is  the  plugin  which  checks  the
              validity, not the manager.

       objectName configuration unset pattern...
              This  method unsets all configuration options matching the specified glob patterns.
              If no pattern is specified  it  will  unset  all  currently  defined  configuration
              options.

PEG SERIALIZATION FORMAT

       Here  we  specify  the  format  used  by  the Parser Tools to serialize Parsing Expression
       Grammars as immutable values for transport, comparison, etc.

       We distinguish between regular and canonical serializations.  While a PEG  may  have  more
       than one regular serialization only exactly one of them will be canonical.

       regular serialization

              [1]    The serialization of any PEG is a nested Tcl dictionary.

              [2]    This  dictionary  holds  a single key, pt::grammar::peg, and its value. This
                     value holds the contents of the grammar.

              [3]    The contents of the  grammar  are  a  Tcl  dictionary  holding  the  set  of
                     nonterminal symbols and the starting expression. The relevant keys and their
                     values are

                     rules  The value is a Tcl  dictionary  whose  keys  are  the  names  of  the
                            nonterminal symbols known to the grammar.

                            [1]    Each nonterminal symbol may occur only once.

                            [2]    The empty string is not a legal nonterminal symbol.

                            [3]    The  value  for  each  symbol  is a Tcl dictionary itself. The
                                   relevant keys and their values in this dictionary are

                                   is     The  value  is  the  serialization   of   the   parsing
                                          expression describing the symbols sentennial structure,
                                          as specified in the section PE serialization format.

                                   mode   The value can be one of three values specifying  how  a
                                          parser should handle the semantic value produced by the
                                          symbol.

                                          value  The semantic value of the nonterminal symbol  is
                                                 an  abstract  syntax tree consisting of a single
                                                 node node for the nonterminal itself, which  has
                                                 the  ASTs of the symbol's right hand side as its
                                                 children.

                                          leaf   The semantic value of the nonterminal symbol  is
                                                 an  abstract  syntax tree consisting of a single
                                                 node  node  for  the  nonterminal,  without  any
                                                 children.  Any  ASTs  generated  by the symbol's
                                                 right hand side are discarded.

                                          void   The nonterminal has no semantic value. Any  ASTs
                                                 generated  by  the  symbol's right hand side are
                                                 discarded (as well).

                     start  The value is the serialization of the start parsing expression of the
                            grammar, as specified in the section PE serialization format.

              [4]    The  terminal  symbols of the grammar are specified implicitly as the set of
                     all terminal symbols used in the start expression and  on  the  RHS  of  the
                     grammar rules.

       canonical serialization
              The  canonical  serialization  of  a  grammar  has  the  format as specified in the
              previous item, and then additionally satisfies the constraints below, which make it
              unique among all the possible serializations of this grammar.

              [1]    The  keys  found  in all the nested Tcl dictionaries are sorted in ascending
                     dictionary order, as generated by Tcl's builtin  command  lsort  -increasing
                     -dict.

              [2]    The  string representation of the value is the canonical representation of a
                     Tcl dictionary. I.e. it does not contain superfluous whitespace.

   EXAMPLE
       Assuming the following PEG for simple mathematical expressions

              PEG calculator (Expression)
                  Digit      <- '0'/'1'/'2'/'3'/'4'/'5'/'6'/'7'/'8'/'9'       ;
                  Sign       <- '-' / '+'                                     ;
                  Number     <- Sign? Digit+                                  ;
                  Expression <- Term (AddOp Term)*                            ;
                  MulOp      <- '*' / '/'                                     ;
                  Term       <- Factor (MulOp Factor)*                        ;
                  AddOp      <- '+'/'-'                                       ;
                  Factor     <- '(' Expression ')' / Number                   ;
              END;

       then its canonical serialization (except for whitespace) is

              pt::grammar::peg {
                  rules {
                      AddOp      {is {/ {t -} {t +}}                                                                mode value}
                      Digit      {is {/ {t 0} {t 1} {t 2} {t 3} {t 4} {t 5} {t 6} {t 7} {t 8} {t 9}}                mode value}
                      Expression {is {x {n Term} {* {x {n AddOp} {n Term}}}}                                        mode value}
                      Factor     {is {/ {x {t (} {n Expression} {t )}} {n Number}}                                  mode value}
                      MulOp      {is {/ {t *} {t /}}                                                                mode value}
                      Number     {is {x {? {n Sign}} {+ {n Digit}}}                                                 mode value}
                      Sign       {is {/ {t -} {t +}}                                                                mode value}
                      Term       {is {x {n Factor} {* {x {n MulOp} {n Factor}}}}                                    mode value}
                  }
                  start {n Expression}
              }

PE SERIALIZATION FORMAT

       Here we specify the format used by the Parser Tools to serialize  Parsing  Expressions  as
       immutable values for transport, comparison, etc.

       We  distinguish  between regular and canonical serializations.  While a parsing expression
       may have more than one regular serialization only exactly one of them will be canonical.

       Regular serialization

              Atomic Parsing Expressions

                     [1]    The string epsilon is an atomic parsing expression.  It  matches  the
                            empty string.

                     [2]    The  string  dot  is  an  atomic  parsing  expression. It matches any
                            character.

                     [3]    The string alnum is an atomic  parsing  expression.  It  matches  any
                            Unicode  alphabet  or  digit character. This is a custom extension of
                            PEs based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [4]    The string alpha is an atomic  parsing  expression.  It  matches  any
                            Unicode  alphabet  character. This is a custom extension of PEs based
                            on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [5]    The string ascii is an atomic  parsing  expression.  It  matches  any
                            Unicode  character  below  U0080.  This  is a custom extension of PEs
                            based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [6]    The string control is an atomic parsing expression.  It  matches  any
                            Unicode control character. This is a custom extension of PEs based on
                            Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [7]    The string digit is an atomic  parsing  expression.  It  matches  any
                            Unicode  digit  character. Note that this includes characters outside
                            of the [0..9] range. This is a custom extension of PEs based on Tcl's
                            builtin command string is.

                     [8]    The  string  graph  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode printing character,  except  for  space.  This  is  a  custom
                            extension of PEs based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [9]    The  string  lower  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode lower-case alphabet character. This is a custom extension  of
                            PEs based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [10]   The  string  print  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode  printing  character,  including  space.  This  is  a  custom
                            extension of PEs based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [11]   The  string  punct  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode punctuation character. This is  a  custom  extension  of  PEs
                            based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [12]   The  string  space  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode space character. This is a custom extension of PEs  based  on
                            Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [13]   The  string  upper  is  an  atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode upper-case alphabet character. This is a custom extension  of
                            PEs based on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [14]   The  string  wordchar is an atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            Unicode word character.  This  is  any  alphanumeric  character  (see
                            alnum),  and any connector punctuation characters (e.g.  underscore).
                            This is a custom extension of PEs  based  on  Tcl's  builtin  command
                            string is.

                     [15]   The  string  xdigit  is  an atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            hexadecimal digit character. This is a custom extension of PEs  based
                            on Tcl's builtin command string is.

                     [16]   The  string  ddigit  is  an atomic parsing expression. It matches any
                            decimal digit character. This is a custom extension of PEs  based  on
                            Tcl's builtin command regexp.

                     [17]   The expression [list t x] is an atomic parsing expression. It matches
                            the terminal string x.

                     [18]   The expression [list n A] is an atomic parsing expression. It matches
                            the nonterminal A.

              Combined Parsing Expressions

                     [1]    For parsing expressions e1, e2, ... the result of [list / e1 e2 ... ]
                            is a parsing expression as well.  This is  the  ordered  choice,  aka
                            prioritized choice.

                     [2]    For parsing expressions e1, e2, ... the result of [list x e1 e2 ... ]
                            is a parsing expression as well.  This is the sequence.

                     [3]    For a parsing expression e the result of [list  *  e]  is  a  parsing
                            expression  as  well.  This is the kleene closure, describing zero or
                            more repetitions.

                     [4]    For a parsing expression e the result of [list  +  e]  is  a  parsing
                            expression  as well.  This is the positive kleene closure, describing
                            one or more repetitions.

                     [5]    For a parsing expression e the result of [list  &  e]  is  a  parsing
                            expression as well.  This is the and lookahead predicate.

                     [6]    For  a  parsing  expression  e  the result of [list ! e] is a parsing
                            expression as well.  This is the not lookahead predicate.

                     [7]    For a parsing expression e the result of [list  ?  e]  is  a  parsing
                            expression as well.  This is the optional input.

       Canonical serialization
              The  canonical serialization of a parsing expression has the format as specified in
              the previous item, and then additionally satisfies  the  constraints  below,  which
              make it unique among all the possible serializations of this parsing expression.

              [1]    The  string representation of the value is the canonical representation of a
                     pure Tcl list. I.e. it does not contain superfluous whitespace.

              [2]    Terminals are not encoded as ranges (where start and end of  the  range  are
                     identical).

   EXAMPLE
       Assuming the parsing expression shown on the right-hand side of the rule

                  Expression <- Term (AddOp Term)*

       then its canonical serialization (except for whitespace) is

                  {x {n Term} {* {x {n AddOp} {n Term}}}}

BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACK

       This  document,  and  the  package  it  describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other
       problems.   Please  report  such  in  the  category  pt  of   the   Tcllib   SF   Trackers
       [http://sourceforge.net/tracker/?group_id=12883].    Please  also  report  any  ideas  for
       enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.

KEYWORDS

       EBNF, LL(k), PEG, TDPL, context-free languages,  expression,  grammar,  matching,  parser,
       parsing  expression,  parsing  expression grammar, push down automaton, recursive descent,
       state, top-down parsing languages, transducer

CATEGORY

       Parsing and Grammars

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 2009 Andreas Kupries <andreas_kupries@users.sourceforge.net>