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pthread_exit - terminate calling thread
void pthread_exit(void *retval);
Compile and link with -pthread.
The pthread_exit() function terminates the calling thread and returns a
value via retval that (if the thread is joinable) is available to
another thread in the same process that calls pthread_join(3).
Any clean-up handlers established by pthread_cleanup_push(3) that have
not yet been popped, are popped (in the reverse of the order in which
they were pushed) and executed. If the thread has any thread-specific
data, then, after the clean-up handlers have been executed, the
corresponding destructor functions are called, in an unspecified order.
When a thread terminates, process-shared resources (e.g., mutexes,
condition variables, semaphores, and file descriptors) are not
released, and functions registered using atexit(3) are not called.
After the last thread in a process terminates, the process terminates
as by calling exit(3) with an exit status of zero; thus, process-shared
resources are released and functions registered using atexit(3) are
This function does not return to the caller.
This function always succeeds.
Performing a return from the start function of any thread other than
the main thread results in an implicit call to pthread_exit(), using
the function's return value as the thread's exit status.
To allow other threads to continue execution, the main thread should
terminate by calling pthread_exit() rather than exit(3).
The value pointed to by retval should not be located on the calling
thread's stack, since the contents of that stack are undefined after
the thread terminates.
Currently, there are limitations in the kernel implementation logic for
wait(2)ing on a stopped thread group with a dead thread group leader.
This can manifest in problems such as a locked terminal if a stop
signal is sent to a foreground process whose thread group leader has
already called pthread_exit().
pthread_create(3), pthread_join(3), pthreads(7)
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