Provided by: liblapack-doc_3.3.1-1_all bug


       LAPACK-3 - computes the eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix T


                          ISPLIT, WORK, IWORK, INFO )

           CHARACTER      ORDER, RANGE

           INTEGER        IL, INFO, IU, M, N, NSPLIT

           REAL           ABSTOL, VL, VU

           INTEGER        IBLOCK( * ), ISPLIT( * ), IWORK( * )

           REAL           D( * ), E( * ), W( * ), WORK( * )


       SSTEBZ computes the eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix T.  The user may ask for
       all eigenvalues, all eigenvalues
        in the half-open interval (VL, VU], or the IL-th through IU-th
        To avoid overflow, the matrix must be scaled so that its
        largest element is no greater than overflow**(1/2) *
        underflow**(1/4) in absolute value, and for greatest
        accuracy, it should not be much smaller than that.
        See W. Kahan "Accurate Eigenvalues of a Symmetric Tridiagonal
        Matrix", Report CS41, Computer Science Dept., Stanford
        University, July 21, 1966.


        RANGE   (input) CHARACTER*1
                = 'A': ("All")   all eigenvalues will be found.
                = 'V': ("Value") all eigenvalues in the half-open interval
                (VL, VU] will be found.
                = 'I': ("Index") the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues (of the
                entire matrix) will be found.

        ORDER   (input) CHARACTER*1
                = 'B': ("By Block") the eigenvalues will be grouped by
                split-off block (see IBLOCK, ISPLIT) and
                ordered from smallest to largest within
                the block.
                = 'E': ("Entire matrix")
                the eigenvalues for the entire matrix
                will be ordered from smallest to

        N       (input) INTEGER
                The order of the tridiagonal matrix T.  N >= 0.

        VL      (input) REAL
                VU      (input) REAL
                If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to
                be searched for eigenvalues.  Eigenvalues less than or equal
                to VL, or greater than VU, will not be returned.  VL < VU.
                Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.

        IL      (input) INTEGER
                IU      (input) INTEGER
                If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the
                smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned.
                1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
                Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.

        ABSTOL  (input) REAL
                The absolute tolerance for the eigenvalues.  An eigenvalue
                (or cluster) is considered to be located if it has been
                determined to lie in an interval whose width is ABSTOL or
                less.  If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then ULP*|T|
                will be used, where |T| means the 1-norm of T.
                Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is
                set to twice the underflow threshold 2*SLAMCH('S'), not zero.

        D       (input) REAL array, dimension (N)
                The n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T.

        E       (input) REAL array, dimension (N-1)
                The (n-1) off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T.

        M       (output) INTEGER
                The actual number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N.
                (See also the description of INFO=2,3.)

        NSPLIT  (output) INTEGER
                The number of diagonal blocks in the matrix T.
                1 <= NSPLIT <= N.

        W       (output) REAL array, dimension (N)
                On exit, the first M elements of W will contain the
                eigenvalues.  (SSTEBZ may use the remaining N-M elements as

        IBLOCK  (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
                At each row/column j where E(j) is zero or small, the
                matrix T is considered to split into a block diagonal
                matrix.  On exit, if INFO = 0, IBLOCK(i) specifies to which
                block (from 1 to the number of blocks) the eigenvalue W(i)
                belongs.  (SSTEBZ may use the remaining N-M elements as

        ISPLIT  (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
                The splitting points, at which T breaks up into submatrices.
                The first submatrix consists of rows/columns 1 to ISPLIT(1),
                the second of rows/columns ISPLIT(1)+1 through ISPLIT(2),
                etc., and the NSPLIT-th consists of rows/columns
                ISPLIT(NSPLIT-1)+1 through ISPLIT(NSPLIT)=N.
                (Only the first NSPLIT elements will actually be used, but
                since the user cannot know a priori what value NSPLIT will
                have, N words must be reserved for ISPLIT.)

        WORK    (workspace) REAL array, dimension (4*N)

        IWORK   (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (3*N)

        INFO    (output) INTEGER
                = 0:  successful exit
                < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
                > 0:  some or all of the eigenvalues failed to converge or
                were not computed:
                =1 or 3: Bisection failed to converge for some
                eigenvalues; these eigenvalues are flagged by a
                negative block number.  The effect is that the
                eigenvalues may not be as accurate as the
                absolute and relative tolerances.  This is
                generally caused by unexpectedly inaccurate
                =2 or 3: RANGE='I' only: Not all of the eigenvalues
                IL:IU were found.
                Effect: M < IU+1-IL
                Cause:  non-monotonic arithmetic, causing the
                Sturm sequence to be non-monotonic.
                Cure:   recalculate, using RANGE='A', and pick
                out eigenvalues IL:IU.  In some cases,
                increasing the PARAMETER "FUDGE" may
                make things work.
                = 4:    RANGE='I', and the Gershgorin interval
                initially used was too small.  No eigenvalues
                were computed.
                Probable cause: your machine has sloppy
                floating-point arithmetic.
                Cure: Increase the PARAMETER "FUDGE",
                recompile, and try again.


        RELFAC  REAL, default = 2.0e0
                The relative tolerance.  An interval (a,b] lies within
                "relative tolerance" if  b-a < RELFAC*ulp*max(|a|,|b|),
                where "ulp" is the machine precision (distance from 1 to
                the next larger floating point number.)

        FUDGE   REAL, default = 2
                A "fudge factor" to widen the Gershgorin intervals.  Ideally,
                a value of 1 should work, but on machines with sloppy
                arithmetic, this needs to be larger.  The default for
                publicly released versions should be large enough to handle
                the worst machine around.  Note that this has no effect
                on accuracy of the solution.

 LAPACK routine (version 3.3.1)             April 2011                            SSTEBZ(3lapack)