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stapfuncs - systemtap functions
The following sections enumerate a few of public functions provided by standard tapsets installed, show in the stappaths (7) manual page. Most are individually documented in the 3stap manual section, with the function:: prefix. Each function is described with a signature, and its behavior/restrictions. The signature line includes the name of the function, the type of its return value (if any), and the names and types of all parameters. The syntax is the same as printed with the stap option -p2. Examples: example1:long (v:string, k:long) In function "example1", do something with the given string and integer. Return some integer. example2:unknown () In function "example2", do something. There is no explicit return value and take no parameters. TARGET_SET target_set_pid:long (tid:long) Return whether the given process-id is within the "target set", that is whether it is a descendent of the top-level target() process. target_set_report:unknown () Print a report about the target set, and their ancestry. ERRNO errno_str:string (e:long) Return the symbolic string associated with the given error code, like "ENOENT" for the number 2, or "E#3333" for an out-of-range value like 3333. REGISTERS register:long (name:string) Return the value of the named CPU register, as it was saved when the current probe point was hit. If the register is 32 bits, it is sign-extended to 64 bits. For the i386 architecture, the following names are recognized. (name1/name2 indicates that name1 and name2 are alternative names for the same register.) eax/ax, ebp/bp, ebx/bx, ecx/cx, edi/di, edx/dx, eflags/flags, eip/ip, esi/si, esp/sp, orig_eax/orig_ax, xcs/cs, xds/ds, xes/es, xfs/fs, xss/ss. For the x86_64 architecture, the following names are recognized: 64-bit registers: r8, r9, r10, r11, r12, r13, r14, r15, rax/ax, rbp/bp, rbx/bx, rcx/cx, rdi/di, rdx/dx, rip/ip, rsi/si, rsp/sp; 32-bit registers: eax, ebp, ebx, ecx, edx, edi, edx, eip, esi, esp, flags/eflags, orig_eax; segment registers: xcs/cs, xss/ss. For powerpc, the following names are recognized: r0, r1, ... r31, nip, msr, orig_gpr3, ctr, link, xer, ccr, softe, trap, dar, dsisr, result. For s390x, the following names are recognized: r0, r1, ... r15, args, psw.mask, psw.addr, orig_gpr2, ilc, trap. u_register:long (name:string) Same as register(name), except that if the register is 32 bits, it is zero-extended to 64 bits. NUMBERED FUNCTION ARGUMENTS The functions in this section provide the values of a probed function's arguments. They can be called when you have hit a probe point at the entry to a function. Arguments are referred to by number, starting at 1. Ordinarily, you can access arguments by name as well, but you may find these functions useful if the code you are probing was built without debugging information. On 32-bit architectures — and when probing 32-bit applications on 64-bit architectures — a 64-bit argument occupies two "arg slots." For example, if you are probing the following function void f(int a, long long b, char *c) you would refer to a, b, and c as int_arg(1), longlong_arg(2), and pointer_arg(3), respectively, on a 64-bit architecture; but on a 32-bit architecture, you would refer to c as pointer_arg(4) (since b occupies slots 2 and 3). If the function you are probing doesn't follow the default rules for argument passing, you need to call one of the following functions (which see) in your handler before calling any *_arg function: asmlinkage(), fastcall(), or regparm(). (This isn't necessary when referring to arguments only by name.) int_arg:long (n:long) Return the value of argument n as a signed int (i.e., a 32-bit integer sign- extended to 64 bits). uint_arg:long (n:long) Return the value of argument n as an unsigned int (i.e., a 32-bit integer zero- extended to 64 bits). long_arg:long (n:long) Return the value of argument n as a signed long. On architectures where a long is 32 bits, the value is sign-extended to 64 bits. ulong_arg:long (n:long) Return the value of argument n as an unsigned long. On architectures where a long is 32 bits, the value is zero-extended to 64 bits. longlong_arg:long (n:long) Return the value of argument n as a 64-bit value. ulonglong_arg:long (n:long) Same as longlong_arg(n). pointer_arg:long (n:long) Same as ulong_arg(n). Use with any type of pointer. s32_arg:long (n:long) Same as int_arg(n). u32_arg:long (n:long) Same as uint_arg(n). s64_arg:long (n:long) Same as longlong_arg(n). u64_arg:long (n:long) Same as [u]longlong_arg(n). asmlinkage:unknown () The probed kernel function is declared asmlinkage in the source. fastcall:unknown () The probed kernel function is declared fastcall in the source. regparm:unknown (n:long) The probed function was built with the gcc -mregparm=n option. (The i386 kernel is built with -mregparm=3, so systemtap considers regparm(3) the default for kernel functions on that architecture.) For some architectures, the *_arg functions may reject unusually high values of n. QUEUE_STATS The queue_stats tapset provides functions that, given notifications of elementary queuing events (wait, run, done), tracks averages such as queue length, service and wait times, utilization. The following three functions should be called from appropriate probes, in sequence. qs_wait:unknown (qname:string) Record that a new request was enqueued for the given queue name. qs_run:unknown (qname:string) Record that a previously enqueued request was removed from the given wait queue and is now being serviced. qs_done:unknown (qname:string) Record that a request originally from the given queue has completed being serviced. Functions with the prefix qsq_ are for querying the statistics averaged since the first queue operation (or when qsq_start was called). Since statistics are often fractional, a scale parameter is multiplies the result to a more useful scale. For some fractions, a scale of 100 will usefully return percentage numbers. qsq_start:unknown (qname:string) Reset the statistics counters for the given queue, and start tracking anew from this moment. qsq_print:unknown (qname:string) Print a line containing a selection of the given queue's statistics. qsq_utilization:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the fraction of elapsed time when the resource was utilized. qsq_blocked:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the fraction of elapsed time when the wait queue was used. qsq_wait_queue_length:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the average length of the wait queue. qsq_service_time:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the average time required to service a request. qsq_wait_time:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the average time a request took from being enqueued to completed. qsq_throughput:long (qname:string, scale:long) Return the average rate of requests per scale units of time. INDENT The indent tapset provides functions to generate indented lines for nested kinds of trace messages. Each line contains a relative timestamp, and the process name / pid. thread_indent:string (delta:long) Return a string with an appropriate indentation for this thread. Call it with a small positive or matching negative delta. If this is the outermost, initial level of indentation, reset the relative timestamp base to zero. thread_timestamp:long () Return an absolute timestamp value for use by the indentation function. The default function uses gettimeofday_us SYSTEM system (cmd:string) Runs a command on the system. The command will run in the background when the current probe completes. INET These functions convert between network (big-endian) and host byte order, like their namesake C functions. ntohll:long (x:long) Convert from network to host byte order, 64-bit. ntohl:long (x:long) Convert from network to host byte order, 32-bit. ntohs:long (x:long) Convert from network to host byte order, 16-bit. htonll:long (x:long) Convert from host to network byte order, 64-bit. htonl:long (x:long) Convert from host to network byte order, 32-bit. htons:long (x:long) Convert from host to network byte order, 16-bit. SIGNAL get_sa_flags:long (act:long) Returns the numeric value of sa_flags. get_sa_handler:long (act:long) Returns the numeric value of sa_handler. sigset_mask_str:string (mask:long) Returns the string representation of the sigset sa_mask. is_sig_blocked:long (task:long, sig:long) Returns 1 if the signal is currently blocked, or 0 if it is not. sa_flags_str:string (sa_flags:long) Returns the string representation of sa_flags. sa_handler_str(handler) Returns the string representation of sa_handler. If it is not SIG_DFL, SIG_IGN or SIG_ERR, it will return the address of the handler. signal_str(num) Returns the string representation of the given signal number. DEVICE MAJOR:long(dev:long) Extracts the major device number from a kernel device number (kdev_t). MINOR:long(dev:long) Extracts the minor device number from a kernel device number (kdev_t). MKDEV:long(major:long, minor:long) Creates a value that can be compared to a kernel device number (kdev_t). usrdev2kerndev:long(dev:long) Converts a user-space device number into the format used in the kernel.
More files and their corresponding paths can be found in the stappaths (7) manual page.