Provided by: ncurses-doc_5.9-4_all bug


       PC, UP, BC, ospeed, tgetent, tgetflag, tgetnum, tgetstr, tgoto, tputs - direct curses
       interface to the terminfo capability database


       #include <curses.h>
       #include <term.h>

       extern char PC;
       extern char * UP;
       extern char * BC;
       extern short ospeed;

       int tgetent(char *bp, const char *name);
       int tgetflag(char *id);
       int tgetnum(char *id);
       char *tgetstr(char *id, char **area);
       char *tgoto(const char *cap, int col, int row);
       int tputs(const char *str, int affcnt, int (*putc)(int));


       These routines are included as a conversion aid for programs that use the termcap library.
       Their  parameters  are the same and the routines are emulated using the terminfo database.
       Thus, they can only be used to query the capabilities of  entries  for  which  a  terminfo
       entry has been compiled.

       The  tgetent  routine loads the entry for name.  It returns 1 on success, 0 if there is no
       such entry, and -1 if the terminfo database could not be found.  The emulation ignores the
       buffer pointer bp.

       The tgetflag routine gets the boolean entry for id, or zero if it is not available.

       The tgetnum routine gets the numeric entry for id, or -1 if it is not available.

       The  tgetstr routine returns the string entry for id, or zero if it is not available.  Use
       tputs to output the returned string.  The return value will also be copied to  the  buffer
       pointed  to by area, and the area value will be updated to point past the null ending this

       Only the first two characters of the id parameter of tgetflag,  tgetnum  and  tgetstr  are
       compared in lookups.

       The  tgoto routine instantiates the parameters into the given capability.  The output from
       this routine is to be passed to tputs.

       The tputs routine is described on the terminfo(3NCURSES) manual  page.   It  can  retrieve
       capabilities by either termcap or terminfo name.

       The  variables PC, UP and BC are set by tgetent to the terminfo entry's data for pad_char,
       cursor_up and backspace_if_not_bs, respectively.  UP is not used by ncurses.  PC  is  used
       in the tdelay_output function.  BC is used in the tgoto emulation.  The variable ospeed is
       set by ncurses in a system-specific coding to reflect the terminal speed.


       Except where explicitly noted, routines that return an integer return ERR upon failure and
       OK (SVr4 only specifies "an integer value other than ERR") upon successful completion.

       Routines that return pointers return NULL on error.


       If  you  call tgetstr to fetch ca or any other parameterized string, be aware that it will
       be returned in terminfo notation, not the older and not-quite-compatible termcap notation.
       This  will  not  cause  problems  if all you do with it is call tgoto or tparm, which both
       expand terminfo-style strings as terminfo.  (The tgoto function, if configured to  support
       termcap,  will check if the string is indeed terminfo-style by looking for "%p" parameters
       or "$<..>" delays, and invoke a termcap-style parser if the string does not appear  to  be

       Because  terminfo  conventions for representing padding in string capabilities differ from
       termcap's, tputs("50"); will put out a  literal  "50"  rather  than  busy-waiting  for  50
       milliseconds.  Cope with it.

       Note that termcap has nothing analogous to terminfo's sgr string.  One consequence of this
       is that termcap applications assume me  (terminfo  sgr0)  does  not  reset  the  alternate
       character set.  This implementation checks for, and modifies the data shown to the termcap
       interface to accommodate termcap's limitation in this respect.


       The XSI Curses standard, Issue 4 describes these functions.  However, they are  marked  TO
       BE WITHDRAWN and may be removed in future versions.

       Neither  the  XSI  Curses  standard nor the SVr4 man pages documented the return values of
       tgetent correctly, though all three were in fact returned ever since SVr1.  In particular,
       an  omission  in the XSI Curses documentation has been misinterpreted to mean that tgetent
       returns OK or ERR.  Because the purpose of these functions  is  to  provide  compatibility
       with  the  termcap library, that is a defect in XCurses, Issue 4, Version 2 rather than in

       External variables are provided for support of  certain  termcap  applications.   However,
       termcap   applications'   use   of   those  variables  is  poorly  documented,  e.g.,  not
       distinguishing between input and output.  In particular, some applications are reported to
       declare and/or modify ospeed.


       ncurses(3NCURSES), terminfo(5), terminfo_variables(3NCURSES), putc(3).