Provided by: ncurses-doc_5.9-4_all bug

NAME

       newwin, delwin, mvwin, subwin, derwin, mvderwin, dupwin, wsyncup, syncok, wcursyncup,
       wsyncdown - create curses windows

SYNOPSIS

       #include <curses.h>

       WINDOW *newwin(int nlines, int ncols, int begin_y,
             int begin_x);
       int delwin(WINDOW *win);
       int mvwin(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
       WINDOW *subwin(WINDOW *orig, int nlines, int ncols,
             int begin_y, int begin_x);
       WINDOW *derwin(WINDOW *orig, int nlines, int ncols,
             int begin_y, int begin_x);
       int mvderwin(WINDOW *win, int par_y, int par_x);
       WINDOW *dupwin(WINDOW *win);
       void wsyncup(WINDOW *win);
       int syncok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);
       void wcursyncup(WINDOW *win);
       void wsyncdown(WINDOW *win);

DESCRIPTION

       Calling newwin creates and returns a pointer to a new window  with  the  given  number  of
       lines  and  columns.   The upper left-hand corner of the window is at line begin_y, column
       begin_x.  If either nlines or ncols is zero, they default to LINES - begin_y  and  COLS  -
       begin_x.  A new full-screen window is created by calling newwin(0,0,0,0).

       Calling  delwin  deletes  the named window, freeing all memory associated with it (it does
       not actually erase the window's screen image).  Subwindows must be deleted before the main
       window can be deleted.

       Calling  mvwin  moves the window so that the upper left-hand corner is at position (x, y).
       If the move would cause the window to be off the screen, it is an error and the window  is
       not moved.  Moving subwindows is allowed, but should be avoided.

       Calling  subwin  creates  and  returns  a pointer to a new window with the given number of
       lines, nlines, and columns, ncols.  The window is at position (begin_y,  begin_x)  on  the
       screen.   (This  position  is  relative  to  the screen, and not to the window orig.)  The
       window is made in the middle of the window orig, so that changes made to one  window  will
       affect  both  windows.  The subwindow shares memory with the window orig.  When using this
       routine, it is necessary to call touchwin or touchline on orig before calling wrefresh  on
       the subwindow.

       Calling derwin is the same as calling subwin, except that begin_y and begin_x are relative
       to the origin of the window orig rather than the screen.  There is no  difference  between
       the subwindows and the derived windows.

       Calling  mvderwin  moves  a  derived  window (or subwindow) inside its parent window.  The
       screen-relative parameters of the window are not changed.  This routine is used to display
       different parts of the parent window at the same physical position on the screen.

       Calling dupwin creates an exact duplicate of the window win.

       Calling  wsyncup  touches  all  locations in ancestors of win that are changed in win.  If
       syncok is called with second argument TRUE then wsyncup is called  automatically  whenever
       there is a change in the window.

       The  wsyncdown  routine  touches  each location in win that has been touched in any of its
       ancestor windows.  This routine is called by  wrefresh,  so  it  should  almost  never  be
       necessary to call it manually.

       The  routine  wcursyncup  updates  the current cursor position of all the ancestors of the
       window to reflect the current cursor position of the window.

RETURN VALUE

       Routines that return an integer return the integer ERR upon  failure  and  OK  (SVr4  only
       specifies "an integer value other than ERR") upon successful completion.

       Routines that return pointers return NULL on error.

       X/Open defines no error conditions.  In this implementation

              delwin
                   returns an error if the window pointer is null, or if the window is the parent
                   of another window.

                   This implementation also maintains a list of  windows,  and  checks  that  the
                   pointer  passed to delwin is one that it created, returning an error if it was
                   not..

              mvderwin
                   returns an error if the window pointer is null, or if some part of the  window
                   would be placed off-screen.

              mvwin
                   returns  an  error if the window pointer is null, or if the window is really a
                   pad, or if some part of the window would be placed off-screen.

              syncok
                   returns an error if the window pointer is null.

NOTES

       If many  small  changes  are  made  to  the  window,  the  wsyncup  option  could  degrade
       performance.

       Note that syncok may be a macro.

BUGS

       The subwindow functions (subwin, derwin, mvderwin, wsyncup, wsyncdown, wcursyncup, syncok)
       are flaky, incompletely implemented, and not well tested.

       The System V curses documentation  is  very  unclear  about  what  wsyncup  and  wsyncdown
       actually  do.   It seems to imply that they are only supposed to touch exactly those lines
       that are affected by ancestor changes.  The language here, and the behavior of the  curses
       implementation, is patterned on the XPG4 curses standard.  The weaker XPG4 spec may result
       in slower updates.

PORTABILITY

       The XSI Curses standard, Issue 4 describes these functions.

SEE ALSO

       ncurses(3NCURSES), refresh(3NCURSES), touch(3NCURSES), curses_variables(3NCURSES)

                                                                                 window(3NCURSES)