Provided by: liblapack-doc_3.3.1-1_all #### NAME

```       LAPACK-3  -  reduces the first NB rows and columns of a complex general m by n matrix A to
upper or lower real bidiagonal form by a unitary transformation Q**H * A * P, and  returns
the matrices X and Y which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of
A

```

#### SYNOPSIS

```       SUBROUTINE ZLABRD( M, N, NB, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, X, LDX, Y, LDY )

INTEGER        LDA, LDX, LDY, M, N, NB

DOUBLE         PRECISION D( * ), E( * )

COMPLEX*16     A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), X( LDX, * ), Y( LDY, * )

```

#### PURPOSE

```       ZLABRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a complex general m by n matrix A to upper
or  lower  real  bidiagonal form by a unitary transformation Q**H * A * P, and returns the
matrices X and Y which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A.
If m >= n, A is reduced to upper bidiagonal form; if m < n, to lower
bidiagonal form.
This is an auxiliary routine called by ZGEBRD

```

#### ARGUMENTS

```        M       (input) INTEGER
The number of rows in the matrix A.

N       (input) INTEGER
The number of columns in the matrix A.

NB      (input) INTEGER
The number of leading rows and columns of A to be reduced.

A       (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced.
On exit, the first NB rows and columns of the matrix are
overwritten; the rest of the array is unchanged.
If m >= n, elements on and below the diagonal in the first NB
columns, with the array TAUQ, represent the unitary
matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; and
elements above the diagonal in the first NB rows, with the
array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as a product
of elementary reflectors.
If m < n, elements below the diagonal in the first NB
columns, with the array TAUQ, represent the unitary
matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors, and
elements on and above the diagonal in the first NB rows,
with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
LDA     (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,M).

D       (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NB)
The diagonal elements of the first NB rows and columns of
the reduced matrix.  D(i) = A(i,i).

E       (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NB)
The off-diagonal elements of the first NB rows and columns of
the reduced matrix.

TAUQ    (output) COMPLEX*16 array dimension (NB)
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details.
TAUP    (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (NB)
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details.
X       (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NB)
The m-by-nb matrix X required to update the unreduced part
of A.

LDX     (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,M).

Y       (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDY,NB)
The n-by-nb matrix Y required to update the unreduced part
of A.

LDY     (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Y. LDY >= max(1,N).

```

#### FURTHERDETAILS

```        The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
reflectors:
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(nb)
Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H
where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex
vectors.
If m >= n, v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i:m) is stored on exit in
A(i:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in
A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
If m < n, v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in
A(i+2:m,i); u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i:n) is stored on exit in
A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
The elements of the vectors v and u together form the m-by-nb matrix
V and the nb-by-n matrix U**H which are needed, with X and Y, to apply
the transformation to the unreduced part of the matrix, using a block
update of the form:  A := A - V*Y**H - X*U**H.
The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples
with nb = 2:
m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n):          m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):
(  1   1   u1  u1  u1 )           (  1   u1  u1  u1  u1  u1 )
(  v1  1   1   u2  u2 )           (  1   1   u2  u2  u2  u2 )
(  v1  v2  a   a   a  )           (  v1  1   a   a   a   a  )
(  v1  v2  a   a   a  )           (  v1  v2  a   a   a   a  )
(  v1  v2  a   a   a  )           (  v1  v2  a   a   a   a  )
(  v1  v2  a   a   a  )
where a denotes an element of the original matrix which is unchanged,
vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element
of the vector defining G(i).

LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.3.1)   April 2011                            ZLABRD(3lapack)
```