Provided by: liblapack-doc_3.3.1-1_all

**NAME**

LAPACK-3 - provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular coefficient matrix

**SYNOPSIS**

SUBROUTINE ZTRRFS( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, NRHS, A, LDA, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER DIAG, TRANS, UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS DOUBLE PRECISION BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * ) COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )

**PURPOSE**

ZTRRFS provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular coefficient matrix. The solution matrix X must be computed by ZTRTRS or some other means before entering this routine. ZTRRFS does not do iterative refinement because doing so cannot improve the backward error.

**ARGUMENTS**

UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': A is upper triangular; = 'L': A is lower triangular. TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose) DIAG (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': A is non-unit triangular; = 'U': A is unit triangular. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. A (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) The triangular matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of the array A contains the upper triangular matrix, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of the array A contains the lower triangular matrix, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. If DIAG = 'U', the diagonal elements of A are also not referenced and are assumed to be 1. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). B (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). X (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) The solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error. BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N) RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value LAPACK routine (version 3.2) April 2011 ZTRRFS(3lapack)