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atkbd -- the AT keyboard interface
The atkbd driver, together with the atkbdc driver, provides access to the
AT 84 keyboard or the AT enhanced keyboard which is connected to the AT
This driver is required for the console driver syscons(4).
There can be only one atkbd device defined in the kernel configuration
file. This device also requires the atkbdc keyboard controller to be
present. The irq number must always be 1; there is no provision of
changing the number.
The AT keyboard has a number of function keys. They are numbered as
follows and can be associated with strings by the kbdcontrol(1) command.
You can use a keyboard map file (see kbdmap(5)) to map them to arbitrary
keys, particularly the functions in the range from 65 to 96 which are not
used by default.
Function Key number Function Key
1, 2,...12 F1, F2,... F12
13, 14,...24 Shift+F1, Shift+F2,... Shift+F12
25, 26,...36 Ctl+F1, Ctl+F2,... Ctl+F12
37, 38,...48 Shift+Ctl+F1, Shift+Ctl+F2,... Shift+Ctl+F12
49 Home and Numpad 7 (without NumLock)
50 Up Arrow and Numpad 8 (without NumLock)
51 Page Up and Numpad 9 (without NumLock)
52 Numpad -
53 Left Arrow and Numpad 4 (without NumLock)
54 Numpad 5 (without NumLock)
55 Right Arrow and Numpad 6 (without NumLock)
56 Numpad +
57 End and Numpad 1 (without NumLock)
58 Down Arrow and Numpad 2 (without NumLock)
59 Page Down and Numpad 3 (without NumLock)
60 Ins and Numpad 0 (without NumLock)
62 Left GUI Key
63 Right GUI Key
65, 66,...96 free (not used by default)
See the man page for the kbdcontrol(1) command for how to assign a string
to the function key.
Kernel Configuration Options
The following kernel configuration options control the atkbd driver.
This option sets the default, built-in keymap of the atkbd
driver to the named keymap. See EXAMPLES below.
The keymap can be modified by the kbdcontrol(1) command.
This option will disable this feature and prevent the user
from changing key assignment.
The atkbd driver accepts the following driver flags. They can be set
either in /boot/device.hints, or else from within the boot loader (see
bit 0 (FAIL_IF_NO_KBD)
By default the atkbd driver will install even if a keyboard is not
actually connected to the system. This option prevents the driver
from being installed in this situation.
bit 1 (NO_RESET)
When this option is given, the atkbd driver will not reset the
keyboard when initializing it. It may be useful for laptop
computers whose function keys have special functions and these
functions are forgotten when the keyboard is reset.
bit 2 (ALT_SCANCODESET)
Certain keyboards, such as those on some ThinkPad models, behave
like the old XT keyboard and require this option.
bit 3 (NO_PROBE_TEST)
When this option is given, the atkbd driver will not test the
keyboard port during the probe routine. Some machines hang during
boot when this test is performed.
The atkbd driver requires the keyboard controller atkbdc. Thus, the
kernel configuration file should contain the following lines.
The following example shows how to set the default, built-in keymap to
In both cases, you also need to have following lines in
kbdcontrol(1), atkbdc(4), psm(4), syscons(4), kbdmap(5), loader(8)
The atkbd driver first appeared in FreeBSD 3.1.
The atkbd driver was written by Soren Schmidt <sos@FreeBSD.org> and
Kazutaka Yokota <yokota@FreeBSD.org>. This manual page was written by