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     run — Ralink Technology USB IEEE 802.11a/g/n wireless network device


     To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your kernel
     configuration file:

           device ehci
           device uhci
           device ohci
           device usb
           device run
           device wlan
           device wlan_amrr

     Firmware is also needed, and provided by:

           device runfw

     Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following lines in



     The run driver supports USB 2.0 wireless adapters based on the Ralink RT2700U, RT2800U and
     RT3000U chipsets.

     The RT2700U chipset consists of two integrated chips, an RT2770 MAC/BBP and an RT2720 (1T2R)
     or RT2750 (dual-band 1T2R) radio transceiver.

     The RT2800U chipset consists of two integrated chips, an RT2870 MAC/BBP and an RT2820 (2T3R)
     or RT2850 (dual-band 2T3R) radio transceiver.

     The RT3000U is a single-chip solution based on an RT3070 MAC/BBP and an RT3020 (1T1R),
     RT3021 (1T2R) or RT3022 (2T2R) single-band radio transceiver.

     These are the modes the run driver can operate in:

     BSS mode       Also known as infrastructure mode, this is used when associating with an
                    access point, through which all traffic passes.  This mode is the default.

     Host AP mode   In this mode the driver acts as an access point (base station) for other

     monitor mode   In this mode the driver is able to receive packets without associating with
                    an access point.  This disables the internal receive filter and enables the
                    card to capture packets from networks which it wouldn't normally have access
                    to, or to scan for access points.

     The run driver can be configured to use Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) or Wi-Fi Protected
     Access (WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK).  WPA is the de facto encryption standard for wireless
     networks.  It is strongly recommended that WEP not be used as the sole mechanism to secure
     wireless communication, due to serious weaknesses in it.  The run driver offloads both
     encryption and decryption of data frames to the hardware for the WEP40, WEP104, TKIP(+MIC)
     and CCMP ciphers.

     The run driver can be configured at runtime with ifconfig(8).


     The run driver supports the following wireless adapters:

           Airlink101 AWLL6090
           ASUS USB-N11
           ASUS USB-N13
           ASUS WL-160N
           Belkin F5D8051 ver 3000
           Belkin F5D8053
           Belkin F5D8055
           Belkin F6D4050 ver 1
           Buffalo WLI-UC-AG300N
           Buffalo WLI-UC-G300N
           Buffalo WLI-UC-GN
           Corega CG-WLUSB2GNL
           Corega CG-WLUSB2GNR
           Corega CG-WLUSB300AGN
           Corega CG-WLUSB300GNM
           D-Link DWA-130 rev B1
           D-Link DWA-140
           DrayTek Vigor N61
           Edimax EW-7711UAn
           Edimax EW-7711UTn
           Edimax EW-7717Un
           Edimax EW-7718Un
           Gigabyte GN-WB30N
           Gigabyte GN-WB31N
           Gigabyte GN-WB32L
           Hawking HWDN1
           Hawking HWUN1
           Hawking HWUN2
           Hercules HWNU-300
           Linksys WUSB54GC v3
           Linksys WUSB600N
           Mvix Nubbin MS-811N
           Planex GW-USMicroN
           Planex GW-US300MiniS
           Sitecom WL-182
           Sitecom WL-188
           Sitecom WL-301
           Sitecom WL-302
           Sitecom WL-315
           SMC SMCWUSBS-N2
           Sweex LW303
           Sweex LW313
           Unex DNUR-81
           Unex DNUR-82
           ZyXEL NWD210N
           ZyXEL NWD270N


     Join an existing BSS network (i.e., connect to an access point):

           ifconfig wlan create wlandev run0 inet \
               netmask 0xffffff00

     Join a specific BSS network with network name “my_net”:

           ifconfig wlan create wlandev run0 ssid my_net up

     Join a specific BSS network with 64-bit WEP encryption:

           ifconfig wlan create wlandev run0 ssid my_net \
                   wepmode on wepkey 0x1234567890 weptxkey 1 up

     Join a specific BSS network with 128-bit WEP encryption:

           ifconfig wlan create wlandev run0 wlanmode adhoc ssid my_net \
               wepmode on wepkey 0x01020304050607080910111213 weptxkey 1


     run%d: faild load firmware of file runfw  For some reason, the driver was unable to read the
     microcode file from the filesystem.  The file might be missing or corrupted.

     run%d: could not load 8051 microcode  An error occurred while attempting to upload the
     microcode to the onboard 8051 microcontroller unit.

     run%d: device timeout  A frame dispatched to the hardware for transmission did not complete
     in time.  The driver will reset the hardware.  This should not happen.


     runfw(4), intro(4), netintro(4), usb(4), wlan(4), wlan_amrr(4), wlan_ccmp(4), wlan_tkip(4),
     wlan_wep(4), wlan_xauth(4), ifconfig(8), hostapd(8), wpa_supplicant(8).

     Ralink Technology:


     The run driver first appeared in OpenBSD 4.5.


     The run driver was written by Damien Bergamini <>.


     The run driver does not support any of the 802.11n capabilities offered by the RT2800 and
     RT3000 chipsets.