Provided by: openafs-client_1.6.1-1_i386 bug


       CellServDB - Lists the database server machines in AFS cells


       There are two versions of the CellServDB file, both of which have the
       same format.  One version is used by an AFS client and lists all of the
       database server machines in the local cell and any foreign cell that is
       to be accessible from the local client machine.  The other version is
       used on servers and need list only the database servers in the local
       cell; in some configurations it can be a link to the same file the
       client uses.

   Client CellServDB
       Along with AFSDB and SRV entries in DNS, the client version of the
       CellServDB file lists the database server machines in the local cell
       and any foreign cell that is to be accessible from the local client
       machine. Database server machines run the Authentication Server
       (optional), Backup Server (optional), Protection Server, and Volume
       Location (VL) Server (the kaserver, buserver, ptserver, and vlserver)
       processes, which maintain the cell's administrative AFS databases.

       The Cache Manager and other processes running on a client machine use
       the list of a cell's database server machines when performing several
       common functions, including:

       ·   Fetching files. The Cache Manager contacts the VL Server to learn
           the location of the volume containing a requested file or

       ·   Creating, viewing, and manipulating protection groups. The pts
           command interpreter contacts the Protection Server when users
           create protection groups or request information from the Protection

       ·   Populating the contents of the fake root.afs volume mounted at /afs
           (or the alternative mount point specified in cacheinfo) when afsd
           is run in "-dynroot" mode.  The default contents of this directory
           will match the cells listed in the client CellServDB file.

       ·   Authenticating users. Client-side authentication programs (such as
           an AFS-modified login utility or the klog command interpreter)
           contact the Authentication Server to obtain a server ticket, which
           the AFS server processes accept as proof that the user is
           authenticated. This only applies to AFS cells using the deprecated
           Authentication Server instead of Kerberos v5 and aklog.

       The Cache Manager reads the CellServDB file into kernel memory as it
       initializes, and not again until the machine next reboots or the client
       service restarts. To enable users on the local machine to continue
       accessing the cell correctly, update the file whenever a database
       server machine is added to or removed from a cell. To update the
       kernel-resident list of database server machines without rebooting, use
       the fs newcell command.

       If the client attempts to access an AFS cell not listed in CellServDB
       and afsd was started with the -afsdb option, the Cache Manager will
       attempt a DNS SRV or AFSDB record lookup and dynamically add the
       database server locations for that cell based on the result of the DNS
       query.  If the -afsdb option was not used, all AFS cells that will be
       accessed by a client machine must either be listed in CellServDB or
       added with the fs newcell command.

       The CellServDB file is in ASCII format and must reside in the
       /etc/openafs directory on each AFS client machine. Use a text editor to
       create and maintain it.

       The client version of the CellServDB file is distinct from the server
       version, which resides in the /etc/openafs/server directory on each AFS
       server machine. The client version lists the database server machines
       in every AFS cell that the cell administrator wants the machine's users
       to be able to access, whereas the server version lists only the local
       cell's database server machines.

   Server CellServDB
       The server version of the CellServDB file lists the local cell's
       database server machines. These machines run the Authentication Server
       (optional), Backup Server (optional), Protection Server, and Volume
       Location (VL) Server (the kaserver, buserver, ptserver, and vlserver)
       processes, which maintain the cell's administrative AFS databases. The
       initial version of the file is created with the bos setcellname command
       during the installation of the cell's server machine, which is
       automatically recorded as the cell's first database server machine.
       When adding or removing database server machines, be sure to update
       this file appropriately. It must reside in the /etc/openafs/server
       directory on each AFS server machine. The database server processes, in
       addition to the usual configuration allowing each to be elected
       synchronization site and coordinate updates, can be set up as readonly
       database clone servers. Such servers can never be elected as the
       synchronization site.

       The database server processes consult the CellServDB file to learn
       about their peers, with which they must maintain constant connections
       in order to coordinate replication of changes across the multiple
       copies of each database. The other AFS server processes consult the
       file to learn which machines to contact for information from the
       databases when they need it.

       Although the server CellServDB file is in ASCII format, do not use a
       text editor to alter it. Instead always use the appropriate commands
       from the bos command suite:

       ·   The bos addhost command to add a machine to the file.

       ·   The bos listhosts command to display the list of machines from the

       ·   The bos removehost command to remove a machine from the file.

       In cells that use the Update Server to distribute the contents of the
       /etc/openafs/server directory, it is customary to edit only the copy of
       the file stored on the system control machine. Otherwise, edit the file
       on each server machine individually. For instructions on adding and
       removing database server machine, see the OpenAFS Quick Start chapter
       on installing additional server machines. Updates to the server
       CellServDB will trigger reloading the cell server configurations
       automatically in the AFS server processes.

   CellServDB Format
       Both CellServDB files have the same format:

       ·   The first line begins at the left margin with the greater-than
           character (">"), followed immediately by the cell's name without an
           intervening space. Optionally, a comment can follow any number of
           spaces and a octothorpe ("#"), perhaps to identify the organization
           associated with the cell. A variant of this allows the definition
           of a linked cell: after the leading (">") and cell name, a space
           and a second cell name may be listed before the optional spaces,
           octothorpe and comment.

       ·   Each subsequent line in the entry identifies one of the cell's
           database server machines, with the indicated information in order:

           ·   The database server machine's IP address in dotted-decimal
               format, optionally enclosed in square braces ("[")("]") to
               define a non-voting clone.

           ·   One or more spaces.

           ·   An octothorpe (#), followed by the machine's fully qualified
               hostname without an intervening space. This number sign does
               not indicate that the hostname is a comment. It is a required

       No extra blank lines or newline characters are allowed in the file,
       even after the last entry. Their presence can prevent the Cache Manager
       from reading the file into kernel memory, resulting in an error

       For the client CellServDB, it may be desirable to make the client aware
       of a cell (so that it's listed by default in /afs when the -dynroot
       flag to afsd is in use, for instance) without specifying the database
       server machines for that cell.  This can be done by including only the
       cell line (starting with ">") and omitting any following database
       server machine lines. afsd must be configured with the -afsdb option to
       use DNS SRV or AFSDB record lookups to locate database server machines.
       If the cell has such records and the client is configured to use them,
       this configuration won't require updates to the client CellServDB file
       when the IP addresses of the database server machines change. maintains a list of the database server machines in
       all cells that have registered themselves as receptive to access from
       foreign cells. When a cell's administrators change its database server
       machines, it is customary to register the change with
       for inclusion in this file. The file conforms to the required
       CellServDB format, and so is a suitable basis for the CellServDB file
       on a client machine.  You can download this file from


       The following example shows entries for two cells in a client
       CellServDB file and illustrates the required format.

          >        # ABC Corporation

          >   # ABC Corporation Test Cell


       afsd(8), bos_addhost(8), bos_listhosts(8), bos_removehost(8),
       bos_setcellname(8), buserver(8), fs_newcell(1), kaserver(8), klog(1),
       ptserver(8), vlserver(8), upclient(8), upserver(8)

       OpenAFS Quick Start


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