Provided by: ienglish-common_3.3.02-5_all bug

NAME

       english - flag format for English ispell dictionaries

DESCRIPTION

       English  dictionaries for ispell(1) supports 3 prefix and 14 suffix flags.  For a detailed
       description of how ispell handles flags and capitalization, see  ispell(5).   This  manual
       page only describes flags usable in dictionaries built using the english.aff affix file.

       In  the  following  discussion of the flags, let # and @ be "variables" that can stand for
       any letter.  Upper case letters are constants.  "..." stands for any  string  of  zero  or
       more  letters,  but  note that no word may exist in the dictionary which is not at least 2
       letters long, so, for example, "fly" may not be produced by placing the "Y" flag  on  "f".
       Also, no flag is effective unless the word that it creates is at least 4 letters long, so,
       for example, "wed" may not be produced by placing the "D" flag on "we".

       In the following list, an asterisk indicates that a  flag  participates  in  cross-product
       formation (see ispell(5)).

       The meaning of the prefix flags is as follows:

       *A
              ... --> re...  as in cover --> recover

       *I
              ... --> in...  as in firm --> infirm

       *U
              ... --> un...  as in able --> unable

       The meaning of the suffix flags is as follows:

       V
              ...e --> ...ive  as in create --> creative
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ive  as in prevent --> preventive

       *N
              ...e --> ...ion  as in create --> creation
              ...y --> ...ication  as in multiply --> multiplication
              if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#en  as in fall --> fallen

       *X
              ...e --> ...ions  as in create --> creations
              ...y --> ...ications  as in multiply --> multiplications
              if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#ens  as in weak --> weakens

       H
              ...y --> ...ieth  as in twenty --> twentieth
              if # .ne. y, ...# --> ...#th  as in hundred --> hundredth

       *Y
              ...y --> ..ily as in messy --> messily
              if # .ne y, ...# --> ...#ly  as in quick --> quickly

       *G
              ...e --> ...ing  as in file --> filing
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ing  as in cross --> crossing

       *J
              ...e --> ...ings  as in file --> filings
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ings  as in cross --> crossings

       *D
              ...e --> ...ed  as in create --> created
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ied  as in imply --> implied
              if  #  .ne.  e  or  y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#ed  as in
                   cross --> crossed or convey --> conveyed

       T
              ...e --> ...est  as in late --> latest
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iest  as in dirty --> dirtiest
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@#  -->  ...@#est   as  in
                   small --> smallest or gray --> grayest

       *R
              ...e --> ...er  as in skate --> skater
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ier  as in multiply --> multiplier
              if  #  .ne.  e  or  y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#er  as in
                   build --> builder or convey --> conveyer

       *Z
              ...e --> ...ers  as in skate --> skaters
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iers  as in multiply --> multipliers
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@#  -->  ...@#ers   as  in
                   build --> builders or slay --> slayers

       *S
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ies  as in imply --> implies
              if # .eq. c, s, or t, ...#h --> ...#hes as in lash --> lashes
              if # .ne. c, s, or t, ...#h --> ...#hs as in cough --> coughs
              if # .eq. s, x, or z, ...# --> ...#es  as in fix --> fixes
              if  #  .ne.  s, x, z, h, or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# --> ...@#s
                   as in bat --> bats or convey --> conveys

       P
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iness  as in cloudy --> cloudiness
              if # .ne. y, or @ = a, e, i, o, or u, ...@# --> ...@#ness  as in late -->  lateness
                   or gray --> grayness

       *M
              ... --> ...'s  as in dog --> dog's

       To summarize more briefly:

       Prefixes:
              *A - re
              *I - in
              *U - un

       Suffixes:
              V - ive
              *N - ion, tion, en
              *X - ions, ications, ens
              H - th, ieth
              *Y - ly, ily
              *G - ing
              *J - ings
              *D - ed
              T - est
              *R - er
              *Z - ers
              *S - s, es, ies
              *P - ness, iness
              *M - 's

SEE ALSO

       ispell(1), ispell(5)

                                                                                       ENGLISH(5)