Provided by: firehol_1.273-1_all bug

NAME

       firehol.conf - Configuration file for firehol(1)

DESCRIPTION

       firehol.conf is the configuration file for firehol(1), which creates an iptables firewall
       from the simple rules in this file.

       This file is parsed as a bash(1) script, so it's no problem to use variables or complex
       bashisms.

Commands

       interface <real interface> <name> [optional rule parameters]

         The interface command creates a firewall for protecting the host the firewall is
         running, from the given interface.  The default interface policy is drop, so that if no
         subcommands are given, the firewall will just drop all incoming and outgoing traffic
         using this interface.

         Parameters

         · real interface
           This is the interface name as shown by ip link show. Generally anything iptables
           accepts, including the pattern character + (the plus sign), is valid. The plus sign
           after some text will match all interfaces that start with this text. It is allowed to
           use more than one interfaces separated by spaces, but all of them should be given
           within one quoted argument. Example:

             interface "eth0 eth1 ppp0" myname

         · name
           This is a name for this interface. Generally you should use short names (10 characters
           max) without spaces or other symbols. You should not use the same name more than once
           in FireHOL primary commands.

         · optional rule parameters
           This is a set of rules that allow further restriction of the traffic that gets matched
           for this interface. See section Optional Rules Parameters for more information.
           Examples:

             interface eth0 intranet src 10.0.0.0/16

             interface eth0 internet src not "$UNROUTABLE_IPS" (note: UNROUTABLE_IPS is a
             variable defined by FireHOL that includes all IPs that should not be routable by the
             Internet).

       router <name> [optional rule parameters]

         The router command creates a firewall for the traffic passing through the host running
         the firewall. The only acceptable policy on all router commands is return and therefore
         the policy subcommand cannot be used on routers. This means that no packets are dropped
         in a router. Packets not matched by any router command will be dropped at the end of the
         firewall.

         Parameters

         · name
           This is a name for this router. The same restrictions of interface names apply here
           too.

         · optional rule parameters
           This is a set of rules that allow further restriction of the traffic that gets matched
           for this router. See section Optional Rules Parameters for more information.

         Description

           Router statements produce similar iptables commands the interface statements produce.
           For each router statement an in_name and an out_name chain are produced to match the
           traffic in both directions of the router.

           To match some client or server traffic the administrator has to specify the
           input/output interface or the source/destination of the request. All inface/outface,
           src/dst optional rule parameters can be given either on the router statement in which
           case will be applied to all subcommands for this router, or on each subcommand within
           a router. Both are valid.

           For example:

             router mylan inface ppp+ outface eth0
               server http accept
               client smtp accept

           The above says: Define a router that matches all requests that originate from some PPP
           interface and go out to eth0. There is an HTTP server in eth0 that client from the PPP
           interfaces are allowed to reach.  Clients on eth0 are allowed to get SMTP traffic from
           the PPP interfaces.

           While:

             router mylan
               server http accept inface ppp+ outface eth0
               server smtp accept inface eth0 outface ppp+

           The above says: Define a router that matches any kind of forwarded traffic.  For HTTP
           traffic the clients are on a PPP interface and the servers on eth0.  For SMTP traffic
           the clients are on a eth0 interface and the servers o a PPP interface.

           Please note that in the second example the SMTP traffic is matched again with a server
           subcommand, not a client (as in the first example).

           The client subcommand reverses all the optional rules that are applied indirectly to
           it. Indirect rule parameters are those that are inherited from the parent command
           (router in this case).  To make it simple, for FireHOL a client is: "a server with all
           the implicit optional rule parameters reversed".

           So, in the first example, the client simply flipped the inface and outface rules
           defined at the router and became an SMTP server.  In the second example there is
           nothing to be flipped, so server and client are exactly the same.

           I suggest to use client subcommands in routers only if you have inface/outface or
           src/dst in the router statements. If you are building routers like the second example,
           don't use client, it is confusing.

           Older versions of FireHOL did not allow server and client subcommands in routers. Only
           the route subcommand was allowed. Today, route is just an alias for server and can be
           used only in routers, not interfaces.

           Any number of router statements can exist. Since the policy is RETURN on all of them,
           any traffic not matched by a router will continue to be checked against the second.

Subcommands

       Subcommands must be given within Primary commands.

       policy <action>

         The policy subcommand defines the default policy for an interface.

         This directive accepts all the actions specified in the section Actions.

         The policy of routers cannot be changed and is always RETURN.

       protection [reverse] <type>

         The protection subcommand sets a number of protection rules on an interface.

         In router configurations, protections are setup on inface.

         Parameters

         reverse
           The reverse keyword will make the protections setup on outface.

         type
           One of the following values:

           strong, full or all
             Turns on all known protections

           fragments
             Drops all packet fragments. Please note that most probably this rule will never
             match anything since iptables reconstructs all packets automatically, before the
             iptables firewall rules are processed, when its connection tracker is running.

           new-tcp-w/o-syn
             Drops all TCP packets that initiate a socket but have no the SYN bit set.

           syn-floods [requests/sec [burst]]
             Allows only a certain amount of new TCP connections per second. The optional two
             arguments [requests/sec] and [burst] are used by this rule in order to provide
             control on the number of connections to be allowed. The default is 100 connections
             per second that can match 50 (it was 4 in v1.38 and before) packets initially (this
             is implemented using the limit module of iptables: see man iptables for more).  Note
             that this rule applies to all connections attempted regardless of their final result
             (rejected, dropped, established, etc). Therefore it might not be a good idea to set
             it too low.

           icmp-floods [requests/sec [burst]]
             Allows only a certain amount of ICMP echo requests per second. The optional two
             arguments [requests/sec] and [burst] are used by this rule in order to provide
             control on the number of connections to be allowed. The default is 100 connections
             per second that can match 50 (it was 4 in v1.38 and before) packets initially (this
             is implemented using the limit module of iptables: see man iptables for more).

           malformed-xmas
             Drops all TCP packets that have all TCP flags set.

           malformed-null
             Drops all TCP packets that have all TCP flags unset.

           malformed-bad
             Drops all TCP packets that have illegal combinations of TCP flags set.

       server <service> <action> [optional rule parameters]

         The server subcommand defines a server of a service. For FireHOL a server is the
         destination of a request, and even if this is more complex for multi-socket services,
         for FireHOL a server always accepts requests.

         The optional rule parameters given to the parent primary command (interface or router)
         are inherited by the server as they have been given.

         This subcommand can be used on both interfaces and routers.

         Parameters

         service
           This is one of the supported service names. The command accepts more than one services
           in the same argument if they are separated by space and quoted as a single argument.
           Example:

             server smtp accept

             server "smtp pop3 imap" accept

         action
           This tells FireHOL what to do with the traffic matching this rule.

           FireHOL supports the actions defined in the section Actions.

         optional rule parameters
           This is a set of rules that allow further restriction of the traffic that gets matched
           by this rule. See section Optional Rules Parameters for more information. Examples:

             server smtp accept src 1.2.3.4

             server smtp accept log "its mail" src 1.2.3.4

       client <service> <action> [optional rule parameters]

         The client subcommand defines a client of a service. For FireHOL a client is the source
         of a request. FireHOL follows this simple rule even on multi-socket complex protocols,
         so that for FireHOL a client always sends requests.  The parameters are exactly the same
         with the server subcommand.

         The optional rule parameters given to the parent primary command (interface or router)
         are inherited by the client, but they are reversed. For an explanation of this please
         refer to the documentation of the router primary command.

         This subcommand can be used on both interfaces and routers.

       route <service> <action> [optional rule parameters]

         The route subcommand is an alias for the server command that can be used only on
         routers, not interfaces.

Helper commands

       version <number>

         The version command states the FireHOL release the configuration file was created for.
         In case the configuration file is newer than FireHOL, FireHOL will deny to run it.

         This command is here to allow you or anyone else design and distribute FireHOL
         configuration files, while ensuring that the correct FireHOL version is going to run
         them.

         The FireHOL release is increased every time the format of the configuration file and the
         internals of FireHOL are changed.

         Since FireHOL v1.67 version is not required to be present in every configuration file.

       iptables <arguments>

         The iptables command passes all its arguments to the real iptables command, during
         run-time.

         You should not use /sbin/iptables directly to alter a FireHOL firewall in its
         configurations. If you do, your commands will be run before FireHOL activates its
         firewall and while the previous firewall is still running. Also, since FireHOL will
         delete all previous firewall rules in order to activate the new firewall, any changes
         you will make, will be deleted too.

         Always use the iptables directive to hook iptables commands in a FireHOL firewall.
         Nothing else.

       masquerade [reverse  interface] [optional rule parameters]

         Masquerading is a special from of SNAT (Source NAT) that changes the source of requests
         when they go out and replaces their original source when replies come in. This way a
         Linux box can become an internet router for a LAN of clients having unroutable IP
         addresses.  Masquerading takes care to re-map IP addresses and ports as required.

         Masquerading is "expensive" compared to SNAT because it checks the IP address of the
         ougoing interface every time for every packet, and therefore it is suggested that if you
         connect to the internet with a static IP address, to prefer SNAT.

         The masquerade helper sets up masquerading on the output of a network interface (not the
         interface command, but a real network interface).

         If the masquerade command is placed within an interface command, its network
         interface[s] will be used.

         If the masquerade command is placed within a router command that has an outface defined,
         then the outface network interface[s] will be used.

         If placed within a router command but the keyword reverse is specified and the router
         command has an inface defined, then the inface network interface[s] will be used.

         If placed outside and before all primary commands, an interface (or list of space
         separated interfaces, within double quotes) can be specified on the masquerade command.

         In all cases, masquerade will setup itself on the output of the given interface[s].

         Please note that if masquerade is used within some interface or router, it does not
         respect the optional rule parameters given to this interface or router command.
         Masquerade uses only its own optional rule parameters.

         inface and outface should not be given as parameters to masquerade (inface because
         iptables does not support this in the POSTROUTING chain, and outface because it will be
         overwritten by the interface(s) mentioned above).

         Finally, the masquerade helper will turn on FIREHOL_NAT and instruct the kernel to do
         packet forwarding (like the router commands do).

         Examples:

           Before the first interface or router:
             masquerade eth0 src 10.0.0.0/8 dst not 10.0.0.0/8

           Within an interface rule to masquerade on the output of this interface:
             masquerade

           Within a router rule to masquerade on the output of the router's inface:
             masquerade reverse

       transparent_squid <port> <user> [optional rule parameters]

         The transparent_squid helper sets up trasparent caching for HTTP traffic.  The squid
         proxy is assumed to be running on the firewall host at port port (port defaults to
         squid), with the credentials of the local user user (user defaults to squid).

         The transparent_squid helper can be used for two kinds of traffic:

         · Incoming HTTP traffic
           Incoming HTTP traffic, which is either targeted to the firewall host or passing
           through the firewall host.

           The optional rule parameters can be used to specify which kind of incoming traffic to
           be catched (by using inface, src, dst, etc -- outface should not be used here, because
           the rules generated are placed before the routing decision and therefore the outgoing
           interface is not yet known).

           If no optional rule parameters are given, then the transparent cache will be setup on
           all network interfaces for all HTTP traffic (use this with care since you are risking
           to serve requests from the internet using your squid).

         · Locally HTTP traffic
           Locally generated HTTP traffic except traffic generated by processes running as user
           user. The optional rule parameters inface, outface and src are ignored for this type
           of traffic.

           This kind of matching makes it possible to support transparent caching for WEB
           browsers running on the firewall host, as far as they do not run as the user excluded.
           More than one users can be specified by space-separating and enclosing them in double
           quotes.

           This rule can be disabled by specifing as user the empty string: ""

         Examples:

           transparent_squid 3128 squid inface eth0 src 10.0.0.0/8

           transparent_squid 8080 "squid privoxy root bin" inface not "ppp+ ipsec+" dst not
           "a.not.proxied.server"

       nat <type> <target> [optional rule parameters]

         The nat helper sets up a NAT rule for routed traffic.

         The type parameter can be:

         to-source
           Defines a Source NAT (created in NAT/POSTROUTING).

           The target in this case is the source address to be set in packets matching the
           optional rule parameters (if no optional rule parameters, all forwarded traffic will
           be matched). target accepts all --to-source values iptables accepts (see iptables -j
           SNAT --help).  Multiple --to-source values can be given, if separated by space and
           quoted as a single argument.

           inface should not be used in SNAT, because iptables does provide this information at
           this point.

         to-destination
           Defines a Destination NAT (created in NAT/PREROUTING).

           The target in this case is the destination address to be set in packets matching the
           optional rule parameters (if no optional rule parameters, all forwarded traffic will
           be matched). target accepts all --to-destination values iptables accepts (see iptables
           -j DNAT --help). Multiple --to-destination values can be given, if separated by space
           and quoted as a single argument.

           outface should not be used in DNAT, because iptables does provide this information at
           this point.

         redirect-to
           Catches traffic comming in and send it to the local machine (created in
           NAT/PREROUTING).

           The target in this case is a port or a range of ports (XXX-YYY) that packets matching
           the rule will be redirected to (if no optional rule parameters are given, all
           incomming traffic will be matched). target accepts all --to-ports values iptables
           accepts (see iptables -j REDIRECT --help).

           outface should not be used in REDIRECT, because iptables does provide this information
           at this point.

         Please understand that the optional rule parameters are used only to limit the traffic
         to be matched. Consider these examples:

         Sends to 1.1.1.1 all traffic comming in or passing trhough the firewall host:
           nat to-destination 1.1.1.1

         Redirects to 1.1.1.1 all traffic comming in or passing through, and going to 2.2.2.2:
             nat to-destination 1.1.1.1 dst 2.2.2.2

         Redirects to 1.1.1.1 all TCP traffic comming in or passing through and going to 2.2.2.2:
             nat to-destination 1.1.1.1 proto tcp dst 2.2.2.2

         Redirects to 1.1.1.1 all traffic comming in or passing through and going to 2.2.2.2 to
         port tcp/25:
             nat to-destination 1.1.1.1 proto tcp dport 25 dst 2.2.2.2

         More examples:

           nat to-source 1.1.1.1 outface eth0 src 2.2.2.2 dst 3.3.3.3

           nat to-destination 4.4.4.4 inface eth0 src 5.5.5.5 dst 6.6.6.6

           nat redirect-to 8080 inface eth0 src 2.2.2.0/24 proto tcp dport 80

       snat [to] <target> [optional rule parameters]

         The snat helper sets up a Source NAT rule for routed traffic, by calling nat to-source
         target [optional rule parameters]

         See the nat helper.

         Example:

           snat to 1.1.1.1 outface eth0 src 2.2.2.2 dst 3.3.3.3

       dnat [to] <target> [optional rule parameters]

         The dnat helper sets up a Destination NAT rule for routed traffic, by calling nat to-
         destination target [optional rule parameters]

         See the nat helper.

         Example:

           dnat to 1.1.1.1 inface eth0 src 2.2.2.2 dst 3.3.3.3

       redirect [to] <target> [optional rule parameters]

         The redirect helper catches all incomming traffic matching the optional rule parameters
         given and redirects it to ports on the local host, by calling nat redirect-to target
         [optional rule parameters]

         See the nat helper.

         Example:

           nat redirect-to 8080 inface eth0 src 2.2.2.0/24 proto tcp dport 80

Actions

       Actions are the actions to be taken on services and traffic described by other commands
       and functions. Please note that normally, FireHOL will pass-through to the generated
       iptables statements all the possible actions iptables accepts, but only the ones defined
       here can be used with lower case letters and currently it will be impossible to pass
       arguments to some unknown action. Also, keep in mind that the iptables action LOG is a
       FireHOL optional rule parameter (see log and loglimit) that can be defined together with
       one of the following actions and FireHOL will actually produce multiple iptables
       statements to achieve both the logging and the action.

       accept

         accept allows the traffic matching the rules to reach its destination.

         Example:

           server smtp accept, to allow SMTP requests and their replies to flow.

       reject [with message]

         reject discards the matching traffic but sends a rejecting message back to the sender.

         with is used to offer control on the message to be returned to the sender. with accepts
         all the arguments the --reject-with iptables expression accepts. For an updated list of
         these messages type iptables -j REJECT --help.

         Examples:

           policy reject with host-unreach

           server ident reject with tcp-reset

           UNMATCHED_INPUT_POLICY="reject with host-prohib"

       drop

         drop silently discards the matching traffic. The fact that the traffic is silently
         discarded makes the sender timeout in order to conclude that it is not possible to use
         the wanted service.

         Example:

           server smtp drop, to silently discard SMTP requests and their replies.

       deny

         deny is just an alias for drop, made for those who are used to ipchains terminology.

         Example:

           server smtp deny, to silently discard SMTP requests and their replies.

       return

         return will return the flow of processing to the parent of the current command.
         Currently, it has meaning to specify the action return only as a policy to some
         interface.

         Example:

         policy return
           Traffic not matched by any rule within an interface continues traveling through the
           firewall and is possibly matched by other interfaces bellow.

       mirror

         mirror will return the traffic to the wanted port, back to the sending host. Use this
         with care, and only if you understand what you doing.  Keep also in mind that FireHOL
         will apply this action to both requests and replies comming in or passing through, and
         will replace it with REJECT for traffic generated by the local host.

       redirect [to-port port]

         redirect is used internally by FireHOL Helper Commands to redirect traffic to ports on
         the local host. Unless you are a developer, you will never need to use this directly.

Optional Rule Parameters

       Optional rule parameters are accepted by many commands to narrow the match they do by
       default. The parameters described bellow are all that FireHOL supports. You should check
       the documentation of each command to find which parameters should not be used with it.
       Normally, all FireHOL commands are designed so that if you specify a parameters that is
       also used internally, the internal one will overwrite the one given in the configuration
       file. In such a case, FireHOL will present you a warning with the old and the new value.

       Not all parameters should be used in all cases. For example sport and dport should not be
       used in normal server and client commands since such ports are internally defined by the
       services themselves.  In any case, FireHOL will complain about optional rule parameters
       that should not be used in certain commands.

       src [not] <host>

         src defines the source IP address of the REQUEST. If src is defined on a server
         statement it matches the source of the request which is the remote host, while if it is
         defined on a client statement it matches again the source of the request, but this time
         it is the local host. Focus on the REQUEST!!! Forget the reply.

         Parameters

         not
           Optional argument that reverses the match. When defined, the rule will match all hosts
           except the ones defined. Example:
             server smtp accept src not 1.2.3.4

         host
           An IP address, a hostname, or a subnet. Multiple hosts/networks can be defined if
           separated by space and quoted as a single argument. Examples:
             server smtp accept src 1.2.3.4
             server smtp accept src not "1.2.3.0/24 5.6.7.8 badhost.example.com"

       dst [not] <host>

         dst defines the destination of the REQUEST. If dst is defined on a server statement it
         matches the destination of the request which is the local host, while if it is defined
         on a client statement it matches again the destination of the request, but this time it
         is the remote host.  Focus on the REQUEST!!! Forget the reply.

         dst accepts the same parameters as src.

       inface [not] <interface>

         inface defines the interface the REQUEST is received via. inface cannot be used in
         interface commands.

         Parameters

         not
           An optional argument that reverses the match. When defined, the rule will match all
           interfaces except the ones defined. Example:
             server smtp accept inface not eth0

         interface
           if an interface name in the same format the interface command accepts.  Multiple
           interfaces can be defined if separated by space and quoted as a single argument.
           Examples:
             server smtp accept inface not eth0
             server smtp accept inface not "eth0 eth1"

       outface [not] <interface>

         outface defines the interface the REQUEST is send via. outface cannot be used in
         interface commands.

         outface accepts the same parameters as inface.

       custom <parameters>

         custom passes its arguments to the generated iptables commands.

         It is required to quote all the parameters given to custom. If the parameters include a
         space character between some text that is required to be given to iptables as one
         argument, it is required to escape another set of quotes in order. Another way is to use
         double quotes externally and single quotes internally.

         Examples:

           server smtp accept custom "--some-iptables-option and_its_value"

           server smtp accept custom "--some-iptables-option 'one_value another_value'

       log "<some text>" [level a_level]

         log will log the matching packets to syslog. Note that this is not an action (in
         iptables it is). FireHOL will actually produce multiple iptables commands to accomplish
         both the action for the rule and the logging. You can control how logging works, by
         altering the variables FIREHOL_LOG_OPTIONS and FIREHOL_LOG_LEVEL. You can also change
         the level of just one rule by using the level argument of the log parameter.

         FireHOL logs traffic, exactly the same way iptables does. Many users have complained
         about packet logs appearing at their console. To avoid this you will have to:

         · setup klogd to log only more important traffic
         · change FIREHOL_LOG_LEVEL to log at a not so important log-level

         Actually klogd's -c option and iptables' --log-level option are the same thing (iptables
         accepts also the numeric values klogd accepts). If iptables logs at a higher priority
         than klogd is configured to use, then your packets will appear in the console too.

       loglimit "<some text>"

         loglimit is the same with log but limits the frequency of logging according to the
         setting of FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY and FIREHOL_LOG_BURST.

       proto [not] <protocol>

         proto sets the required protocol for the traffic. This command accepts anything iptables
         accepts as protocols.

       limit <frequency> <burst>

         limit will limit the match in both directions of the traffic (request and reply). This
         is used internally by FireHOL and its effects has not been tested in the high level
         configuration file directives.

       sport <port>

         sport defines the source port of a request. It accepts port names, port numbers, port
         ranges (FROM:TO) and multiple ports (or ranges) seperated by spaces and quoted as a
         single argument.  This parameter should not be used in normal services definitions
         (client and server commands) or interface and router definitions, unless you really
         understand what you are doing.

       dport <port>

         dport defines the destination port of a request. It accepts port names, port numbers,
         port ranges (FROM:TO) and multiple ports (or ranges) seperated by spaces and quoted as a
         single argument. This parameter should not be used in normal services definitions
         (client and server commands) or interface and router definitions, unless you really
         understand what you are doing.

       uid [not] <user> =head2 user [not] <user>

         uid or user define the operating system user sending this traffic. The parameter can be
         a username, a user number or a list of these two, seperated by spaces and quoted as a
         single argument.

         This parameter can be used only in services (client and server commands) defined within
         interfaces, not routers. FireHOL is "smart" enough to apply this parameter only to
         traffic send by the localhost, i.e. the replies of servers and requests of clients. It
         is not possible, and FireHOL will simply ignore this parameter, on traffic coming in or
         passign through the firewall host.

         Example 1:

           client "pop3 imap" accept user not "user1 user2 user3" dst mymailer.example.com

         The above will allow local users except user1, user2 and user3 to use POP3 and IMAP
         services on mymailer.example.com. You can use this, for example, to allow only a few of
         the local users use the fetchmail program to fetch their mail from the mail server.

         Example 2:

           server http accept user apache

         The above will allow all HTTP to reach the local http server, but only if the web server
         is running as user apache the replies will be send back to the HTTP client.

       gid <group> =head2 group <group>

         gid or group define the operating system user group sending this traffic. The parameter
         can be a group name, a group number or a list of these two, seperated by spaces and
         quoted as a single argument.

         This parameter can be used only in services (client and server commands) defined within
         interfaces, not routers. FireHOL is "smart" enough to apply this parameter only to
         traffic send by the localhost, i.e. the replies of servers and requests of clients. It
         is not possible, and FireHOL will simply ignore this parameter, on traffic coming in or
         passing through the firewall host.

       pid <process> =head2 process <process>

         pid or process define the operating system process ID (or PID) sending this traffic. The
         parameter can be a PID or a list of PIDs, seperated by spaces and quoted as a single
         argument.

         This parameter can be used only in services (client and server commands) defined within
         interfaces, not routers. FireHOL is "smart" enough to apply this parameter only to
         traffic send by the localhost, i.e. the replies of servers and requests of clients. It
         is not possible, and FireHOL will simply ignore this parameter, on traffic coming in or
         passign through the firewall host.

       sid <session> =head2 session <session>

         sid or session define the operating system session ID of the process sending this
         traffic (The session ID of a process is the process group ID of the session leader). The
         parameter can be a list of such IDs, seperated by spaces and quoted as a single
         argument.

         This parameter can be used only in services (client and server commands) defined within
         interfaces, not routers. FireHOL is "smart" enough to apply this parameter only to
         traffic send by the localhost, i.e. the replies of servers and requests of clients. It
         is not possible, and FireHOL will simply ignore this parameter, on traffic coming in or
         passign through the firewall host.

Variables that control FireHOL

       DEFAULT_INTERFACE_POLICY

         DEFAULT_INTERFACE_POLICY controls the default action to be taken on traffic not matched
         by any rule within an interface. Actually, this is a global setting for what policy does
         for an interface.

         All packets that reach the end of an interface are logged only if the action is not
         return or accept. You can control the frequency of this logging by altering the
         frequency loglimit uses.

          Default: DEFAULT_INTERFACE_POLICY="DROP"

          Example: DEFAULT_INTERFACE_POLICY="REJECT"

       UNMATCHED_INPUT_POLICY

       UNMATCHED_OUTPUT_POLICY

       UNMATCHED_FORWARD_POLICY

         UNMATCHED_INPUT_POLICY controls the default action to be taken for incoming traffic not
         matched by any interface command.

         UNMATCHED_OUTPUT_POLICY controls the default action to be taken for outgoing traffic not
         matched by any interface command.

         UNMATCHED_FORWARD_POLICY controls the default action to be taken for forwarded traffic
         not matched by any router command.

         All variables accept all the Actions FireHOL supports.

         All packets that reach the end of firewall in all three chains are logged (always,
         regardless of these settings). You can control the frequency of this logging by altering
         the frequency loglimit uses.

          Default: UNMATCHED_INPUT_POLICY="DROP"

          Default: UNMATCHED_OUTPUT_POLICY="DROP"

          Default: UNMATCHED_FORWARD_POLICY="DROP"

          Example: UNMATCHED_INPUT_POLICY="REJECT"

          Example: UNMATCHED_OUTPUT_POLICY="REJECT"

          Example: UNMATCHED_FORWARD_POLICY="REJECT"

       FIREHOL_LOG_LEVEL =head2 FIREHOL_LOG_OPTIONS =head2 FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY =head2
       FIREHOL_LOG_BURST

         FIREHOL_LOG_LEVEL controls the level at which iptables will log things to the syslog.
         For a description of the possible values supported and for per-rule control of log
         level, see the log optional rule parameter.

         FIREHOL_LOG_OPTIONS controls the way iptables will log things to the syslog. The value
         of this variable is passed as is to iptables, so use exact iptables parameters.

         FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY and FIREHOL_LOG_BURST (added in v1.39 of FireHOL) control the
         frequency at each each logging rule will write packets to the syslog.
         FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY is set to the maximum average frequency and FIREHOL_LOG_BURST
         specifies the maximum initial number of packets to match.

          Default: FIREHOL_LOG_OPTIONS="--log-level warning"

          Default: FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY="1/second"

          Default: FIREHOL_LOG_BURST="5"

          Example: FIREHOL_LOG_OPTIONS="--log-level info --log-tcp-options --log-ip-options"

          Example: FIREHOL_LOG_FREQUENCY="30/minute"

          Example: FIREHOL_LOG_BURST="2"

         To see the available iptables log options, run "/sbin/iptables -j LOG --help" To see
         what iptables accepts as frequencies and bursts, run "/sbin/iptables -m limit --help"

         You can also check man iptables.

       DEFAULT_CLIENT_PORTS

         DEFAULT_CLIENT_PORTS controls the port range to be used when a remote client is
         specified. For localhost clients, FireHOL finds the exact client ports by querying the
         kernel options.

          Default: 1000:65535

          Example: DEFAULT_CLIENT_PORTS="0:65535"

       FIREHOL_NAT

         If FIREHOL_NAT is set to 1, FireHOL will load NAT kernel modules for those services that
         they are require such. FireHOL sets this to 1 automatically if you use the Helper
         Commands that do NAT.

          Default: FIREHOL_NAT="0"

          Example: FIREHOL_NAT="1"

       FIREHOL_AUTOSAVE

         FIREHOL_AUTOSAVE controls the file that will be created when FireHOL is called with the
         save command line argument. If this variable is empty (the default), FireHOL will try to
         detect where to save the file. Currently, the RedHat way (/etc/sysconfig/iptables) and
         the Debian way (/var/lib/iptables/autosave) are automatically detected (in the order
         given here) based on the existance of the directory this file should be created in.

         Default: FIREHOL_AUTOSAVE="" Example: FIREHOL_AUTOSAVE="/tmp/firehol-saved.txt"

Variables that FireHOL offers

       RESERVED_IPS

         This variable includes all the IP addresses defined as IANA - Reserved by IANA.

          Example: interface eth0 internet src not "${RESERVED_IPS}"

       PRIVATE_IPS

         This variable includes all the IP addresses defined as Private or Test by RFC 3330.

          Example: interface eth0 internet src not "${PRIVATE_IPS}"

       UNROUTABLE_IPS

         This variable is both RESERVED_IPS and PRIVATE_IPS together. I suggest to use this
         variable on interfaces and routers accepting Internet traffic.

          Example: interface eth0 internet src not "${UNROUTABLE_IPS}"

FILES

       /etc/firehol/firehol.conf

AUTHOR

       firehol written by Costa Tsaousis <costa@tsaousis.gr>.

       Man page written by Marc Brockschmidt <<marc@marcbrockschmidt.de>.

SEE ALSO

       firehol(1), iptables(8), bash(1)

                                            2003-06-09                            FIREHOL.CONF(5)