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       gitrepository-layout - Git Repository Layout




       You may find these things in your git repository (.git directory for a
       repository associated with your working tree, or <project>.git
       directory for a public bare repository. It is also possible to have a
       working tree where .git is a plain ASCII file containing gitdir:
       <path>, i.e. the path to the real git repository).

           Object store associated with this repository. Usually an object
           store is self sufficient (i.e. all the objects that are referred to
           by an object found in it are also found in it), but there are a few
           ways to violate it.

            1. You could have an incomplete but locally usable repository by
               creating a shallow clone. See git-clone(1).

            2. You could be using the objects/info/alternates or
               $GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES mechanisms to borrow objects
               from other object stores. A repository with this kind of
               incomplete object store is not suitable to be published for use
               with dumb transports but otherwise is OK as long as
               objects/info/alternates points at the object stores it borrows

           A newly created object is stored in its own file. The objects are
           splayed over 256 subdirectories using the first two characters of
           the sha1 object name to keep the number of directory entries in
           objects itself to a manageable number. Objects found here are often
           called unpacked (or loose) objects.

           Packs (files that store many object in compressed form, along with
           index files to allow them to be randomly accessed) are found in
           this directory.

           Additional information about the object store is recorded in this

           This file is to help dumb transports discover what packs are
           available in this object store. Whenever a pack is added or
           removed, git update-server-info should be run to keep this file
           up-to-date if the repository is published for dumb transports.  git
           repack does this by default.

           This file records paths to alternate object stores that this object
           store borrows objects from, one pathname per line. Note that not
           only native Git tools use it locally, but the HTTP fetcher also
           tries to use it remotely; this will usually work if you have
           relative paths (relative to the object database, not to the
           repository!) in your alternates file, but it will not work if you
           use absolute paths unless the absolute path in filesystem and web
           URL is the same. See also objects/info/http-alternates.

           This file records URLs to alternate object stores that this object
           store borrows objects from, to be used when the repository is
           fetched over HTTP.

           References are stored in subdirectories of this directory. The git
           prune command knows to preserve objects reachable from refs found
           in this directory and its subdirectories.

           records tip-of-the-tree commit objects of branch name

           records any object name (not necessarily a commit object, or a tag
           object that points at a commit object).

           records tip-of-the-tree commit objects of branches copied from a
           remote repository.

           records the same information as refs/heads/, refs/tags/, and
           friends record in a more efficient way. See git-pack-refs(1).

           A symref (see glossary) to the refs/heads/ namespace describing the
           currently active branch. It does not mean much if the repository is
           not associated with any working tree (i.e. a bare repository), but
           a valid git repository must have the HEAD file; some porcelains may
           use it to guess the designated "default" branch of the repository
           (usually master). It is legal if the named branch name does not
           (yet) exist. In some legacy setups, it is a symbolic link instead
           of a symref that points at the current branch.

           HEAD can also record a specific commit directly, instead of being a
           symref to point at the current branch. Such a state is often called
           detached HEAD.  See git-checkout(1) for details.

           A slightly deprecated way to store shorthands to be used to specify
           a URL to git fetch, git pull and git push. A file can be stored as
           branches/<name> and then name can be given to these commands in
           place of repository argument. See the REMOTES section in git-
           fetch(1) for details. This mechanism is legacy and not likely to be
           found in modern repositories.

           Hooks are customization scripts used by various git commands. A
           handful of sample hooks are installed when git init is run, but all
           of them are disabled by default. To enable, the .sample suffix has
           to be removed from the filename by renaming. Read githooks(5) for
           more details about each hook.

           The current index file for the repository. It is usually not found
           in a bare repository.

           Additional information about the repository is recorded in this

           This file helps dumb transports discover what refs are available in
           this repository. If the repository is published for dumb
           transports, this file should be regenerated by git
           update-server-info every time a tag or branch is created or
           modified. This is normally done from the hooks/update hook, which
           is run by the git-receive-pack command when you git push into the

           This file records fake commit ancestry information, to pretend the
           set of parents a commit has is different from how the commit was
           actually created. One record per line describes a commit and its
           fake parents by listing their 40-byte hexadecimal object names
           separated by a space and terminated by a newline.

           This file, by convention among Porcelains, stores the exclude
           pattern list.  .gitignore is the per-directory ignore file.  git
           status, git add, git rm and git clean look at it but the core git
           commands do not look at it. See also: gitignore(5).

           Stores shorthands for URL and default refnames for use when
           interacting with remote repositories via git fetch, git pull and
           git push commands. See the REMOTES section in git-fetch(1) for
           details. This mechanism is legacy and not likely to be found in
           modern repositories.

           Records of changes made to refs are stored in this directory. See
           git-update-ref(1) for more information.

           Records all changes made to the branch tip named name.

           Records all changes made to the tag named name.

           This is similar to info/grafts but is internally used and
           maintained by shallow clone mechanism. See --depth option to git-
           clone(1) and git-fetch(1).


       git-init(1), git-clone(1), git-fetch(1), git-pack-refs(1), git-gc(1),
       git-checkout(1), gitglossary(7), The Git Userâ€â€™s Manual[1]


       Part of the git(1) suite.


        1. The Git User’s Manual