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NAME

       host.conf - resolver configuration file

DESCRIPTION

       The  file  /etc/host.conf  contains  configuration  information  specific  to the resolver
       library.  It should contain one configuration keyword per line,  followed  by  appropriate
       configuration  information.   The  keywords  recognized  are  order, trim, multi, nospoof,
       spoof, and reorder.  These keywords are described below.

       order  This keyword specifies how host lookups are to be performed.  It should be followed
              by one or more lookup methods, separated by commas.  Valid methods are bind, hosts,
              and nis.

       trim   This keyword may be listed more than once.  Each time it should be  followed  by  a
              list  of domains, separated by colons (':'), semicolons (';') or commas (','), with
              the leading dot.  When set, the resolv+ library will automatically trim  the  given
              domain  name  from  the end of any hostname resolved via DNS.  This is intended for
              use with local hosts and domains.  (Related note: trim will  not  affect  hostnames
              gathered  via NIS or the hosts file.  Care should be taken to ensure that the first
              hostname for each entry in the hosts file is fully  qualified  or  unqualified,  as
              appropriate for the local installation.)

       multi  Valid  values  are  on  and off.  If set to on, the resolv+ library will return all
              valid addresses for a host that appears in the /etc/hosts file, instead of only the
              first.   This  is off by default, as it may cause a substantial performance loss at
              sites with large hosts files.

       nospoof
              Valid values are on and off.  If set to on, the resolv+  library  will  attempt  to
              prevent  hostname  spoofing to enhance the security of rlogin and rsh.  It works as
              follows: after performing a host address lookup, resolv+ will  perform  a  hostname
              lookup  for  that address.  If the two hostnames do not match, the query will fail.
              The default value is off.

       spoofalert
              Valid values are on and off.  If this option is set to on and the nospoof option is
              also  set,  resolv+  will  log a warning of the error via the syslog facility.  The
              default value is off.

       spoof  Valid values are off, nowarn and warn.  If this  option  is  set  to  off,  spoofed
              addresses  are  permitted  and no warnings will be emitted via the syslog facility.
              If this option is set to warn, resolv+ will attempt to prevent hostname spoofing to
              enhance  the  security  and log a warning of the error via the syslog facility.  If
              this option is set to nowarn, the resolv+ library will attempt to prevent  hostname
              spoofing  to  enhance  the  security but not emit warnings via the syslog facility.
              Setting this option to anything else is equal to setting it to nowarn.

       reorder
              Valid values are on and off.  If set to on, resolv+ will attempt  to  reorder  host
              addresses  so that local addresses (i.e., on the same subnet) are listed first when
              a gethostbyname(3) is performed.  Reordering is done for all lookup  methods.   The
              default value is off.

ENVIRONMENT

       There  are  six  environment  variables  that  can  be used to allow users to override the
       behavior which is configured in /etc/host.conf.

       RESOLV_HOST_CONF
              If  set  this  variable  points  to  a  file  that  should  be  read   instead   of
              /etc/host.conf.

       RESOLV_SERV_ORDER
              Overrides the order command.

       RESOLV_SPOOF_CHECK
              Overrides  the  nospoof, spoofalert and spoof commands in the same way as the spoof
              command is parsed.  Valid values are off, nowarn and warn.

       RESOLV_MULTI
              Overrides the multi command.

       RESOLV_REORDER
              Overrides the reorder command.

       RESOLV_ADD_TRIM_DOMAINS
              A list of domains,  separated by colons (':'), semicolons (';')  or  commas  (','),
              with  the  leading  dot,  which will be added to the list of domains that should be
              trimmed.

       RESOLV_OVERRIDE_TRIM_DOMAINS
              A list of domains,  separated by colons (':'), semicolons (';')  or  commas  (','),
              with  the  leading  dot,  which  will  replace  the  list of domains that should be
              trimmed.  Overrides the trim command.

FILES

       /etc/host.conf
              Resolver configuration file

       /etc/resolv.conf
              Resolver configuration file

       /etc/hosts
              Local hosts database

NOTES

       The following differences exist compared to the original implementation.   A  new  command
       spoof  and  a  new  environment  variable  RESOLV_SPOOF_CHECK can take arguments like off,
       nowarn and warn.  Line comments can appear anywhere and not only at  the  beginning  of  a
       line.

SEE ALSO

       gethostbyname(3), hostname(7), named(8), resolv+(8)

COLOPHON

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