Provided by: strongswan-starter_4.5.2-1.2_amd64 bug


       ipsec.conf - IPsec configuration and connections


       The  optional ipsec.conf file specifies most configuration and control information for the
       strongSwan IPsec subsystem.  The  major  exception  is  secrets  for  authentication;  see
       ipsec.secrets(5).  Its contents are not security-sensitive.

       The  file  is  a text file, consisting of one or more sections.  White space followed by #
       followed by anything to the end of the line is a comment and  is  ignored,  as  are  empty
       lines which are not within a section.

       A  line  which  contains include and a file name, separated by white space, is replaced by
       the contents of that file, preceded and followed by empty lines.  If the file name is  not
       a full pathname, it is considered to be relative to the directory containing the including
       file.  Such inclusions can be nested.  Only a single filename may be supplied, and it  may
       not contain white space, but it may include shell wildcards (see sh(1)); for example:

       include ipsec.*.conf

       The  intention  of  the  include  facility  is  mostly  to  permit  keeping information on
       connections, or sets of connections, separate from  the  main  configuration  file.   This
       permits  such connection descriptions to be changed, copied to the other security gateways
       involved, etc., without having to constantly extract them from the configuration file  and
       then  insert  them  back  into  it.   Note also the also parameter (described below) which
       permits splitting a single logical section (e.g. a connection  description)  into  several
       actual sections.

       A section begins with a line of the form:

       type name

       where  type  indicates  what  type of section follows, and name is an arbitrary name which
       distinguishes the section from others of the same type.  Names must start  with  a  letter
       and  may  contain only letters, digits, periods, underscores, and hyphens.  All subsequent
       non-empty lines which begin with white space are part of the section;  comments  within  a
       section  must  begin  with white space too.  There may be only one section of a given type
       with a given name.

       Lines within the section are generally of the form


       (note the mandatory preceding white space).  There can be white space on  either  side  of
       the  =.   Parameter  names  follow the same syntax as section names, and are specific to a
       section type.  Unless otherwise explicitly specified, no parameter name  may  appear  more
       than once in a section.

       An  empty  value stands for the system default value (if any) of the parameter, i.e. it is
       roughly equivalent to omitting the parameter line entirely.  A  value  may  contain  white
       space  only  if  the  entire value is enclosed in double quotes ("); a value cannot itself
       contain a double quote, nor may it be continued across more than one line.

       Numeric values are specified to be either an ``integer''  (a  sequence  of  digits)  or  a
       ``decimal  number'' (sequence of digits optionally followed by `.' and another sequence of

       There is currently one parameter which is available in any type of section:

       also   the value is a section name; the parameters of that section are  appended  to  this
              section,  as  if  they  had been written as part of it.  The specified section must
              exist, must follow the current one, and must have the same section type.   (Nesting
              is  permitted, and there may be more than one also in a single section, although it
              is forbidden to append the same section more than once.)

       A section with name %default specifies defaults for sections of the same type.   For  each
       parameter in it, any section of that type which does not have a parameter of the same name
       gets a copy of the one from the %default section.  There may be multiple %default sections
       of a given type, but only one default may be supplied for any specific parameter name, and
       all %default sections of a given type must precede all non-%default sections of that type.
       %default sections may not contain the also parameter.

       Currently  there  are  three  types  of  sections:  a  config  section  specifies  general
       configuration information for IPsec, a conn section specifies an IPsec connection, while a
       ca section specifies special properties of a certification authority.


       A  conn  section  contains a connection specification, defining a network connection to be
       made using IPsec.  The name given is arbitrary, and is used to  identify  the  connection.
       Here's a simple example:

       conn snt

       A  note  on  terminology:  There are two kinds of communications going on: transmission of
       user IP packets, and gateway-to-gateway negotiations for  keying,  rekeying,  and  general
       control.   The  path to control the connection is called 'ISAKMP SA' in IKEv1 and 'IKE SA'
       in the IKEv2 protocol. That what is being negotiated,  the  kernel  level  data  path,  is
       called  'IPsec  SA' or 'Child SA'.  strongSwan currently uses two separate keying daemons.
       pluto handles all IKEv1 connections, charon is the daemon handling the IKEv2 protocol.

       To avoid trivial editing of the configuration file to suit it to each system involved in a
       connection, connection specifications are written in terms of left and right participants,
       rather than in terms of local and remote.  Which participant is considered left  or  right
       is  arbitrary;  for  every connection description an attempt is made to figure out whether
       the local endpoint should act as the left or right endpoint. This is done by matching  the
       IP  addresses  defined  for both endpoints with the IP addresses assigned to local network
       interfaces. If a match is found then the role (left or right) that matches is going to  be
       considered  local.   If  no match is found during startup, left is considered local.  This
       permits using identical connection specifications on both ends.   There  are  cases  where
       there  is  no  symmetry; a good convention is to use left for the local side and right for
       the remote side (the first letters are a good mnemonic).

       Many of the parameters relate to one participant or the other; only the ones for left  are
       listed  here,  but  every  parameter  whose name begins with left has a right counterpart,
       whose description is the same but with left and right reversed.

       Parameters are optional unless marked '(required)'.

       Unless otherwise noted, for a connection to work, in general it is necessary for  the  two
       ends to agree exactly on the values of these parameters.

       aaa_identity = <id>
              defines the identity of the AAA backend used during IKEv2 EAP authentication.  This
              is required if the EAP client uses a method that verifies the server identity (such
              as EAP-TLS), but it does not match the IKEv2 gateway identity.

       also = <name>
              includes conn section <name>.

       auth = esp | ah
              whether  authentication  should  be  done  as part of ESP encryption, or separately
              using the AH protocol; acceptable values are esp (the default) and ah.
              The IKEv2 daemon currently supports ESP only.

       authby = pubkey | rsasig | ecdsasig | psk | eap | never | xauth...
              how the two security gateways should authenticate each other; acceptable values are
              psk  or  secret  for  pre-shared  secrets,  pubkey  (the  default)  for  public key
              signatures as well as the synonyms rsasig for RSA digital signatures  and  ecdsasig
              for Elliptic Curve DSA signatures.  never can be used if negotiation is never to be
              attempted or accepted  (useful  for  shunt-only  conns).   Digital  signatures  are
              superior  in  every  way to shared secrets.  IKEv1 additionally supports the values
              xauthpsk and xauthrsasig  that  will  enable  eXtended  AUTHentication  (XAUTH)  in
              addition  to  IKEv1  main  mode based on shared secrets  or digital RSA signatures,
              respectively.  IKEv2 additionally  supports  the  value  eap,  which  indicates  an
              initiator  to  request EAP authentication. The EAP method to use is selected by the
              server (see eap).  This parameter is deprecated for IKEv2 connections, as two peers
              do  not  need  to  agree  on  an  authentication method. Use the leftauth parameter
              instead to define authentication methods in IKEv2.

       auto = ignore | add | route | start
              what operation, if any, should be done automatically at IPsec  startup;  currently-
              accepted  values  are  add,  route,  start  and  ignore (the default).  add loads a
              connection without starting it.  route  loads  a  connection  and  installs  kernel
              traps.  If traffic is detected between leftsubnet and rightsubnet , a connection is
              established.  start loads a connection and brings it up immediatly.  ignore ignores
              the  connection.  This  is  equal  to  delete  a  connection  from the config file.
              Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on  it  (but  in  general,  for  an
              intended-to-be-permanent connection, both ends should use auto=start to ensure that
              any reboot causes immediate renegotiation).

       compress = yes | no
              whether IPComp compression of content is proposed  on  the  connection  (link-level
              compression  does  not work on encrypted data, so to be effective, compression must
              be done before encryption); acceptable values are yes and no (the default). A value
              of  yes  causes  IPsec  to  propose  both  compressed  and uncompressed, and prefer
              compressed.  A value of no prevents IPsec from proposing compression; a proposal to
              compress will still be accepted.

       dpdaction = none | clear | hold | restart
              controls  the  use  of  the  Dead  Peer  Detection  protocol  (DPD, RFC 3706) where
              R_U_THERE notification messages (IKEv1) or empty INFORMATIONAL messages (IKEv2) are
              periodically  sent  in  order to check the liveliness of the IPsec peer. The values
              clear, hold, and restart  all  activate  DPD.  If  no  activity  is  detected,  all
              connections  with  a  dead  peer  are stopped and unrouted (clear), put in the hold
              state (hold) or restarted (restart).  For IKEv1, the default is none which disables
              the active sending of R_U_THERE notifications.  Nevertheless pluto will always send
              the DPD Vendor ID during connection set up in order to signal the readiness to  act
              passively  as a responder if the peer wants to use DPD. For IKEv2, none does't make
              sense, since all messages are used to detect dead peers. If specified, it  has  the
              same meaning as the default (clear).

       dpddelay = 30s | <time>
              defines  the  period  time  interval  with  which  R_U_THERE messages/INFORMATIONAL
              exchanges are sent to the peer.  These  are  only  sent  if  no  other  traffic  is
              received.  In  IKEv2,  a  value of 0 sends no additional INFORMATIONAL messages and
              uses only standard messages (such as those to rekey) to detect dead peers.

       dpdtimeout = 150s | <time>
              defines the timeout interval, after which all connections to a peer are deleted  in
              case of inactivity. This only applies to IKEv1, in IKEv2 the default retransmission
              timeout  applies,  as  every  exchange  is  used  to  detect   dead   peers.    See
              strongswan.conf(5) for a description of the IKEv2 retransmission timeout.

       inactivity = <time>
              defines  the  timeout interval, after which a CHILD_SA is closed if it did not send
              or receive any traffic. Currently supported in IKEv2 connections only.

       eap = md5 | mschapv2 | radius | ... | <type> | <type>-<vendor>
              defines  the  EAP  type  to  propose  as  server  if  the   client   requests   EAP
              authentication.  Currently  supported  values are aka for EAP-AKA, gtc for EAP-GTC,
              md5 for EAP-MD5, mschapv2 for EAP-MS-CHAPv2, radius for the  EAP-RADIUS  proxy  and
              sim  for EAP-SIM. Additionally, IANA assigned EAP method numbers are accepted, or a
              definition in the form eap=type-vendor (e.g. eap=7-12345) can be  used  to  specify
              vendor specific EAP types.  This parameter is deprecated in the favour of leftauth.

              To  forward  EAP authentication to a RADIUS server using the EAP-RADIUS plugin, set

       eap_identity = <id>
              defines the identity the client uses to  reply  to  a  EAP  Identity  request.   If
              defined  on  the  EAP  server,  the  defined identity will be used as peer identity
              during EAP authentication. The special value %identity uses the EAP Identity method
              to  ask  the client for an EAP identity. If not defined, the IKEv2 identity will be
              used as EAP identity.

       esp = <cipher suites>
              comma-separated list of ESP encryption/authentication algorithms to be used for the
              connection,     e.g.      aes128-sha256.      The     notation    is    encryption-
              If dh-group is specified, CHILD_SA setup and  rekeying  include  a  separate  diffe
              hellman  exchange  (IKEv2  only).  Valid  esnmodes  (IKEv2 only) are esn and noesn.
              Specifying both negotiates Extended Sequence number  support  with  the  peer,  the
              defaut is noesn.

       forceencaps = yes | no
              force UDP encapsulation for ESP packets even if no NAT situation is detected.  This
              may help to  surmount  restrictive  firewalls.  In  order  to  force  the  peer  to
              encapsulate packets, NAT detection payloads are faked (IKEv2 only).

       ike = <cipher suites>
              comma-separated  list  of  IKE/ISAKMP SA encryption/authentication algorithms to be
              used, e.g.  aes128-sha1-modp2048.  The  notation  is  encryption-integrity-dhgroup.
              In   IKEv2,   multiple   algorithms   and   proposals  may  be  included,  such  as

       ikelifetime = 3h | <time>
              how long the keying channel of a connection (ISAKMP or IKE SA) should  last  before
              being renegotiated. Also see EXPIRY/REKEY below.

       installpolicy = yes | no
              decides  whether  IPsec  policies  are  installed in the kernel by the IKEv2 charon
              daemon for a given connection. Allows peaceful cooperation  e.g.  with  the  Mobile
              IPv6  daemon mip6d who wants to control the kernel policies.  Acceptable values are
              yes (the default) and no.

       keyexchange = ike | ikev1 | ikev2
              method of key exchange; which protocol should be used to initialize the connection.
              Connections  marked  with  ikev1  are initiated with pluto, those marked with ikev2
              with charon. An incoming request from the remote peer is  handled  by  the  correct
              daemon,  unaffected  from the keyexchange setting. Starting with strongSwan 4.5 the
              default value ike is a synonym for ikev2,  whereas  in  older  strongSwan  releases
              ikev1 was assumed.

       keyingtries = %forever | <number>
              how  many  attempts  (a  whole  number  or  %forever) should be made to negotiate a
              connection, or a replacement for one, before giving  up  (default  %forever).   The
              value  %forever  means  'never give up'.  Relevant only locally, other end need not
              agree on it.

              synonym for lifetime.

       left = <ip address> | <fqdn> | %defaultroute | %any
              (required) the IP address of the left participant's public-network interface or one
              of  several  magic  values.   If  it  is  %defaultroute,  left  will  be  filled in
              automatically with the local address of the default-route interface (as  determined
              at  IPsec  startup time and during configuration update).  Either left or right may
              be %defaultroute, but not both.  The prefix % in front of a fully-qualified  domain
              name  or  an  IP  address will implicitly set leftallowany=yes.  If the domain name
              cannot be resolved into an  IP  address  at  IPsec  startup  or  update  time  then
              left=%any and leftallowany=no will be assumed.

              In  case of an IKEv2 connection, the value %any for the local endpoint signifies an
              address to be filled in (by automatic keying) during negotiation. If the local peer
              initiates  the  connection setup the routing table will be queried to determine the
              correct local IP address.  In case the local peer is  responding  to  a  connection
              setup then any IP address that is assigned to a local interface will be accepted.
              Note  that  specifying  %any  for  the local endpoint is not supported by the IKEv1
              pluto daemon.

              If %any is used for the remote endpoint it literally means any IP address.

              Please note that with the usage of wildcards multiple connection descriptions might
              match a given incoming connection attempt. The most specific description is used in
              that case.

       leftallowany = yes | no
              a modifier for left , making it behave as %any although a concrete IP  address  has
              been assigned.  Recommended for dynamic IP addresses that can be resolved by DynDNS
              at IPsec startup or update time.  Acceptable values are yes and no (the default).

       leftauth = <auth method>
              Authentication method to use locally (left) or  require  from  the  remote  (right)
              side.   This parameter is supported in IKEv2 only. Acceptable values are pubkey for
              public key authentication (RSA/ECDSA), psk for pre-shared  key  authentication  and
              eap  to  (require the) use of the Extensible Authentication Protocol.  To require a
              trustchain public key strength for the remote side, specify the key  type  followed
              by  the strength in bits (for example rsa-2048 or ecdsa-256).  For eap, an optional
              EAP method can be appended. Currently defined methods are  eap-aka,  eap-gtc,  eap-
              md5,  eap-tls,  eap-mschapv2  and eap-sim.  Alternatively, IANA assigned EAP method
              numbers are accepted. Vendor specific EAP methods are defined in the form eap-type-
              vendor (e.g. eap-7-12345).

       leftauth2 = <auth method>
              Same as leftauth, but defines an additional authentication exchange. IKEv2 supports
              multiple authentication rounds using "Multiple Authentication Exchanges" defined in
              RFC4739. This allows, for example, separated authentication of host and user (IKEv2

       leftca = <issuer dn> | %same
              the distinguished name of a certificate authority which is required to lie  in  the
              trust   path  going  from  the  left  participant's  certificate  up  to  the  root
              certification authority.

       leftca2 = <issuer dn> | %same
              Same as leftca, but for the second authentication round (IKEv2 only).

       leftcert = <path>
              the path to the left participant's X.509  certificate.  The  file  can  be  encoded
              either  in  PEM  or  DER  format. OpenPGP certificates are supported as well.  Both
              absolute paths or paths relative to /etc/ipsec.d/certs  are  accepted.  By  default
              leftcert  sets  leftid  to  the distinguished name of the certificate's subject and
              leftca  to  the  distinguished  name  of  the  certificate's  issuer.    The   left
              participant's  ID  can  be  overridden  by  specifying a leftid value which must be
              certified by the certificate, though.

       leftcert2 = <path>
              Same as leftcert, but for the second authentication round (IKEv2 only).

       leftcertpolicy = <OIDs>
              Comma separated list of certificate policy OIDs the peers  certificate  must  have.
              OIDs are specified using the numerical dotted representation (IKEv2 only).

       leftfirewall = yes | no
              whether   the   left   participant   is   doing  forwarding-firewalling  (including
              masquerading) using iptables for traffic from leftsubnet, which  should  be  turned
              off  (for  traffic  to  the  other  subnet)  once  the  connection  is established;
              acceptable values are yes and no (the default).   May  not  be  used  in  the  same
              connection  description with leftupdown.  Implemented as a parameter to the default
              ipsec _updown script.  See notes below.  Relevant only locally, other end need  not
              agree on it.

              If  one  or  both  security  gateways  are  doing  forwarding firewalling (possibly
              including masquerading), and this  is  specified  using  the  firewall  parameters,
              tunnels  established  with  IPsec  are  exempted  from  it so that packets can flow
              unchanged through the tunnels.  (This means that  all  subnets  connected  in  this
              manner must have distinct, non-overlapping subnet address blocks.)  This is done by
              the default ipsec _updown script (see pluto(8)).

              In situations calling for more control, it may be preferable for the user to supply
              his own updown script, which makes the appropriate adjustments for his system.

       leftgroups = <group list>
              a  comma separated list of group names. If the leftgroups parameter is present then
              the peer must be a member of at least one of the groups defined by  the  parameter.
              Group  membership  must  be  certified  by  a valid attribute certificate stored in
              /etc/ipsec.d/acerts/ thas has been issued to the peer by  a  trusted  Authorization
              Authority stored in /etc/ipsec.d/aacerts/.
              Attribute certificates are not supported in IKEv2 yet.

       lefthostaccess = yes | no
              inserts  a  pair of INPUT and OUTPUT iptables rules using the default ipsec _updown
              script, thus allowing access to the host  itself  in  the  case  where  the  host's
              internal  interface is part of the negotiated client subnet.  Acceptable values are
              yes and no (the default).

       leftid = <id>
              how the left participant should be identified for authentication; defaults to left.
              Can  be an IP address or a fully-qualified domain name preceded by @ (which is used
              as a literal string and not resolved).

       leftid2 = <id>
              identity to use for a second authentication for the left participant (IKEv2  only);
              defaults to leftid.

       leftikeport = <port>
              UDP  port  the  left participant uses for IKE communication. Currently supported in
              IKEv2 connections only. If unspecified, port 500 is used with the port floating  to
              4500  if  a  NAT  is  detected  or  MOBIKE  is enabled. Specifying a local IKE port
              different from the default  additionally  requires  a  socket  implementation  that
              listens to this port.

       leftnexthop = %direct | %defaultroute | <ip address> | <fqdn>
              this  parameter  is usually not needed any more because the NETKEY IPsec stack does
              not  require  explicit  routing  entries  for  the  traffic  to  be  tunneled.   If
              leftsourceip is used with IKEv1 then leftnexthop must still be set in order for the
              source routes to work properly.

       leftprotoport = <protocol>/<port>
              restrict the  traffic  selector  to  a  single  protocol  and/or  port.   Examples:
              leftprotoport=tcp/http or leftprotoport=6/80 or leftprotoport=udp

       leftrsasigkey = %cert | <raw rsa public key>
              the  left  participant's  public  key for RSA signature authentication, in RFC 2537
              format using ttodata(3) encoding.  The magic value %none  means  the  same  as  not
              specifying  a  value (useful to override a default).  The value %cert (the default)
              means that the key is extracted from a certificate.  The identity used for the left
              participant  must be a specific host, not %any or another magic value.  Caution: if
              two connection descriptions specify different public  keys  for  the  same  leftid,
              confusion and madness will ensue.

       leftsendcert = never | no | ifasked | always | yes
              Accepted  values  are  never  or  no, always or yes, and ifasked (the default), the
              latter meaning that the peer must send a certificate request payload  in  order  to
              get a certificate in return.

       leftsourceip = %config | %cfg | %modeconfig | %modecfg | <ip address>
              The  internal  source IP to use in a tunnel, also known as virtual IP. If the value
              is one of the synonyms %config, %cfg,  %modeconfig,  or  %modecfg,  an  address  is
              requested  from the peer. In IKEv2, a statically defined address is also requested,
              since the server may change it.

       rightsourceip = %config | <network>/<netmask> | %poolname
              The internal source IP to use in a tunnel for the remote  peer.  If  the  value  is
              %config  on the responder side, the initiator must propose an address which is then
              echoed back. Also supported are address pools expressed as network/netmask  or  the
              use  of  an external IP address pool using %poolname, where poolname is the name of
              the IP address pool used for the lookup.

       leftsubnet = <ip subnet>
              private subnet behind  the  left  participant,  expressed  as  network/netmask;  if
              omitted,  essentially  assumed  to  be left/32, signifying that the left end of the
              connection goes to the left participant only.  When  using  IKEv2,  the  configured
              subnet  of  the  peers  may  differ, the protocol narrows it to the greatest common
              subnet. Further, IKEv2 supports multiple subnets separated by  commas.  IKEv1  only
              interprets the first subnet of such a definition.

       leftsubnetwithin = <ip subnet>
              the  peer  can  propose  any subnet or single IP address that fits within the range
              defined by leftsubnetwithin.  Not relevant for IKEv2, as subnets are narrowed.

       leftupdown = <path>
              what ``updown'' script to run to adjust routing and/or firewalling when the  status
              of  the  connection  changes  (default  ipsec  _updown).   May  include  positional
              parameters separated by white space (although this  requires  enclosing  the  whole
              string  in  quotes);  including  shell  metacharacters is unwise.  See pluto(8) for
              details.  Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on  it.  IKEv2  uses  the
              updown  script  to  insert  firewall rules only, since routing has been implemented
              directly into charon.

       lifebytes = <number>
              the number of bytes transmitted over an IPsec SA before it expires (IKEv2 only).

       lifepackets = <number>
              the number of packets transmitted over an IPsec SA before it expires (IKEv2 only).

       lifetime = 1h | <time>
              how long a particular instance of a connection (a set of  encryption/authentication
              keys  for  user  packets)  should  last,  from  successful  negotiation  to expiry;
              acceptable values are an integer optionally followed by s (a time in seconds) or  a
              decimal  number  followed  by  m,  h,  or  d  (a  time  in  minutes, hours, or days
              respectively) (default 1h, maximum 24h).  Normally, the connection is  renegotiated
              (via the keying channel) before it expires (see margintime).  The two ends need not
              exactly agree on lifetime, although if they do not, there will be some  clutter  of
              superseded  connections  on  the  end which thinks the lifetime is longer. Also see
              EXPIRY/REKEY below.

       marginbytes = <number>
              how many bytes before IPsec SA expiry (see lifebytes) should attempts to  negotiate
              a replacement begin (IKEv2 only).

       marginpackets = <number>
              how  many  packets  before  IPsec  SA  expiry  (see lifepackets) should attempts to
              negotiate a replacement begin (IKEv2 only).

       margintime = 9m | <time>
              how long before connection expiry  or  keying-channel  expiry  should  attempts  to
              negotiate  a  replacement  begin;  acceptable  values as for lifetime (default 9m).
              Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it. Also see EXPIRY/REKEY below.

       mark = <value>[/<mask>]
              sets an XFRM mark in the inbound and outbound IPsec SAs and policies. If  the  mask
              is missing then a default mask of 0xffffffff is assumed.

       mark_in = <value>[/<mask>]
              sets an XFRM mark in the inbound IPsec SA and policy. If the mask is missing then a
              default mask of 0xffffffff is assumed.

       mark_out = <value>[/<mask>]
              sets an XFRM mark in the outbound IPsec SA and policy. If the mask is missing  then
              a default mask of 0xffffffff is assumed.

       mobike = yes | no
              enables the IKEv2 MOBIKE protocol defined by RFC 4555. Accepted values are yes (the
              default) and no.  If set to no, the IKEv2 charon daemon will not  actively  propose
              MOBIKE as initiator and ignore the MOBIKE_SUPPORTED notify as responder.

       modeconfig = push | pull
              defines  which  mode  is used to assign a virtual IP.  Accepted values are push and
              pull (the default).  Currently relevant for IKEv1 only since IKEv2 always uses  the
              configuration  payload  in  pull  mode.  Cisco VPN gateways usually operate in push

       pfs = yes | no
              whether Perfect Forward Secrecy of keys  is  desired  on  the  connection's  keying
              channel  (with  PFS,  penetration  of the key-exchange protocol does not compromise
              keys negotiated earlier); acceptable values are yes (the default)  and  no.   IKEv2
              always  uses  PFS for IKE_SA rekeying whereas for CHILD_SA rekeying PFS is enforced
              by defining a Diffie-Hellman modp group in the esp parameter.

       pfsgroup = <modp group>
              defines a Diffie-Hellman group for perfect forward  secrecy  in  IKEv1  Quick  Mode
              differing from the DH group used for IKEv1 Main Mode (IKEv1 only).

       reauth = yes | no
              whether  rekeying  of  an  IKE_SA  should  also  reauthenticate the peer. In IKEv1,
              reauthentication  is  always  done.  In  IKEv2,  a  value  of  no  rekeys   without
              uninstalling  the IPsec SAs, a value of yes (the default) creates a new IKE_SA from
              scratch and tries to recreate all IPsec SAs.

       rekey = yes | no
              whether a connection should be renegotiated when it is about to expire;  acceptable
              values  are  yes  (the  default)  and no.  The two ends need not agree, but while a
              value of no prevents  pluto/charon  from  requesting  renegotiation,  it  does  not
              prevent  responding  to  renegotiation  requested from the other end, so no will be
              largely ineffective unless both ends agree on it.

       rekeyfuzz = 100% | <percentage>
              maximum percentage by which marginbytes, marginpackets  and  margintime  should  be
              randomly  increased  to randomize rekeying intervals (important for hosts with many
              connections); acceptable values are an integer, which may exceed 100, followed by a
              `%'  (defaults to 100%).  The value of marginTYPE, after this random increase, must
              not exceed lifeTYPE (where TYPE is one of bytes, packets or time).   The  value  0%
              will  suppress  randomization.   Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on
              it. Also see EXPIRY/REKEY below.

              synonym for margintime.

       reqid = <number>
              sets the reqid for a given connection to a pre-configured fixed value.

       tfc = <value>
              number of bytes to pad  ESP  payload  data  to.  Traffic  Flow  Confidentiality  is
              currently  supported  in  IKEv2  and  applies to outgoing packets only. The special
              value %mtu fills up ESP packets with padding to have the size of the MTU.

       type = tunnel | transport | transport_proxy | passthrough | drop
              the type of the connection; currently the accepted values are tunnel (the  default)
              signifying  a  host-to-host, host-to-subnet, or subnet-to-subnet tunnel; transport,
              signifying host-to-host transport mode;  transport_proxy,  signifying  the  special
              Mobile  IPv6 transport proxy mode; passthrough, signifying that no IPsec processing
              should be done at all; drop, signifying  that  packets  should  be  discarded;  and
              reject,  signifying that packets should be discarded and a diagnostic ICMP returned
              (reject is currently not supported by the NETKEY stack of the  Linux  2.6  kernel).
              The  IKEv2  daemon charon currently supports tunnel, transport, and transport_proxy
              connection types, only.

       xauth = client | server
              specifies the role in  the  XAUTH  protocol  if  activated  by  authby=xauthpsk  or
              authby=xauthrsasig.  Accepted values are server and client (the default).

       The following parameters are relevant to IKEv2 Mediation Extension operation only.

       mediation = yes | no
              whether  this  connection is a mediation connection, ie. whether this connection is
              used to mediate other connections.   Mediation  connections  create  no  child  SA.
              Acceptable values are no (the default) and yes.

       mediated_by = <name>
              the  name  of  the  connection  to  mediate this connection through.  If given, the
              connection will be mediated through the named mediation connection.  The  mediation
              connection must set mediation=yes.

       me_peerid = <id>
              ID  as  which the peer is known to the mediation server, ie. which the other end of
              this connection uses as its leftid on its connection to the mediation server.  This
              is  the ID we request the mediation server to mediate us with.  If me_peerid is not
              given, the rightid of this connection will be used as peer ID.


       These are  optional  sections  that  can  be  used  to  assign  special  parameters  to  a
       Certification  Authority  (CA).  Because  the daemons automatically import CA certificates
       from /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts, there is no need to explicitly add  them  with  a  CA  section,
       unless you want to assign special parameters (like a CRL) to a CA.

       also = <name>
              includes ca section <name>.

       auto = ignore | add
              currently can have either the value ignore (the default) or add.

       cacert = <path>
              defines  a path to the CA certificate either relative to /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts or as
              an absolute path.

       crluri = <uri>
              defines a CRL distribution point (ldap, http, or file URI)

              synonym for crluri.

       crluri2 = <uri>
              defines an alternative CRL distribution point (ldap, http, or file URI)

       ldaphost = <hostname>
              defines an ldap host. Currently used by IKEv1 only.

       ocspuri = <uri>
              defines an OCSP URI.

              synonym for ocspuri.

       ocspuri2 = <uri>
              defines an alternative OCSP URI. Currently used by IKEv2 only.

       certuribase = <uri>
              defines the base URI for the Hash and URL feature supported by IKEv2.   Instead  of
              exchanging  complete certificates, IKEv2 allows to send an URI that resolves to the
              DER encoded certificate. The certificate URIs are built by appending the SHA1  hash
              of the DER encoded certificates to this base URI.


       At  present,  the  only config section known to the IPsec software is the one named setup,
       which contains information used when the software is being started.  Here's an example:

       config setup

       Parameters are optional unless marked ``(required)''.   The  currently-accepted  parameter
       names in a config setup section affecting both daemons are:

       cachecrls = yes | no
              certificate  revocation  lists  (CRLs)  fetched  via http or ldap will be cached in
              /etc/ipsec.d/crls/  under  a  unique  file  name  derived  from  the  certification
              authority's  public  key.   Accepted  values  are  yes  and  no (the default). Only
              relevant for IKEv1, as CRLs are always cached in IKEv2.

       charonstart = yes | no
              whether to start the IKEv2 charon daemon or not.  The default is yes if starter was
              compiled with IKEv2 support.

       plutostart = yes | no
              whether  to start the IKEv1 pluto daemon or not.  The default is yes if starter was
              compiled with IKEv1 support.

       strictcrlpolicy = yes | ifuri | no
              defines if a fresh CRL must be available in order for the peer authentication based
              on RSA signatures to succeed.  IKEv2 additionally recognizes ifuri which reverts to
              yes if at least one CRL URI is defined and to no if no URI is known.

       uniqueids = yes | no | replace | keep
              whether  a  particular  participant  ID  should  be  kept  unique,  with  any   new
              (automatically  keyed) connection using an ID from a different IP address deemed to
              replace all old ones using that ID; acceptable values are yes (the default) and no.
              Participant  IDs  normally  are  unique,  so a new (automatically-keyed) connection
              using the same ID is almost invariably intended to replace an old one.   The  IKEv2
              daemon  also  accepts the value replace wich is identical to yes and the value keep
              to reject new IKE_SA setups and keep the duplicate established earlier.

       The following config section parameters are used by the IKEv1 Pluto daemon only:

       crlcheckinterval = 0s | <time>
              interval in seconds. CRL fetching is enabled if the value  is  greater  than  zero.
              Asynchronous, periodic checking for fresh CRLs is currently done by the IKEv1 Pluto
              daemon only.

       keep_alive = 20s | <time>
              interval in seconds between NAT keep alive packets, the default being 20 seconds.

       nat_traversal = yes | no
              activates NAT traversal by accepting source ISAKMP ports different from udp/500 and
              being able of floating to udp/4500 if a NAT situation is detected.  Accepted values
              are yes and no (the default).  Used by IKEv1 only, NAT traversal  is  always  being
              active in IKEv2.

       nocrsend = yes | no
              no certificate request payloads will be sent.

       pkcs11initargs = <args>
              non-standard  argument  string for PKCS#11 C_Initialize() function; required by NSS

       pkcs11module = <args>
              defines the path to a dynamically loadable PKCS #11 library.

       pkcs11keepstate = yes | no
              PKCS #11 login sessions will be kept  during  the  whole  lifetime  of  the  keying
              daemon.  Useful  with  pin-pad  smart card readers.  Accepted values are yes and no
              (the default).

       pkcs11proxy = yes | no
              Pluto will act as a PKCS #11 proxy accessible via the  whack  interface.   Accepted
              values are yes and no (the default).

       plutodebug = none | <debug list> | all
              how  much  pluto  debugging  output should be logged.  An empty value, or the magic
              value none, means no debugging output (the default).  The  magic  value  all  means
              full  output.   Otherwise  only the specified types of output (a quoted list, names
              without the --debug- prefix, separated by white space) are enabled; for details  on
              available debugging types, see pluto(8).

       plutostderrlog = <file>
              Pluto will not use syslog, but rather log to stderr, and redirect stderr to <file>.

       postpluto = <command>
              shell  command to run after starting pluto (e.g., to remove a decrypted copy of the
              ipsec.secrets file).  It's  run  in  a  very  simple  way;  complexities  like  I/O
              redirection are best hidden within a script.  Any output is redirected for logging,
              so running interactive commands is difficult unless they use /dev/tty or equivalent
              for their interaction.  Default is none.

       prepluto = <command>
              shell  command  to run before starting pluto (e.g., to decrypt an encrypted copy of
              the ipsec.secrets file).  It's run in a very  simple  way;  complexities  like  I/O
              redirection are best hidden within a script.  Any output is redirected for logging,
              so running interactive commands is difficult unless they use /dev/tty or equivalent
              for their interaction.  Default is none.

       virtual_private = <networks>
              defines private networks using a wildcard notation.

       The following config section parameters are used by the IKEv2 charon daemon only:

       charondebug = <debug list>
              how  much  charon  debugging  output  should  be  logged.   A  comma separated list
              containing type  level/pairs  may  be  specified,  e.g:  dmn  3,  ike  1,  net  -1.
              Acceptable  values  for  types are dmn, mgr, ike, chd, job, cfg, knl, net, enc, lib
              and the level is one of -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 (for silent, audit, control, controlmore,
              raw,    private).     For    more   flexibility   see   LOGGER   CONFIGURATION   in


       The IKE SAs and IPsec SAs negotiated by the daemon can be configured  to  expire  after  a
       specific  amount  of  time. For IPsec SAs this can also happen after a specified number of
       transmitted packets or transmitted bytes. The following settings can be used to  configure

       Setting         Default   Setting         Default
       IKE SA                    IPsec SA
        ikelifetime         3h    lifebytes            -
                                  lifepackets          -
                                  lifetime            1h

       IKE  SAs  as  well  as IPsec SAs can be rekeyed before they expire. This can be configured
       using the following settings:

       Setting        Default   Setting           Default
       IKE and IPsec SA         IPsec SA
        margintime         9m    marginbytes            -
                                 marginpackets          -

       To avoid collisions the specified margins are increased randomly before  subtracting  them
       from  the  expiration  limits  (see  formula  below).  This is controlled by the rekeyfuzz

       Setting       Default
       IKE and IPsec SA
        rekeyfuzz       100%

       Randomization can be disabled by setting rekeyfuzz to 0%.

       The following formula is used to calculate the rekey time of IPsec SAs:

        rekeytime = lifetime - (margintime + random(0, margintime * rekeyfuzz))

       It applies equally to IKE SAs and byte and packet limits for IPsec SAs.

       Let's consider the default configuration:

                  lifetime = 1h
                  margintime = 9m
                  rekeyfuzz = 100%

       From the formula above follows that the rekey time lies between:

                  rekeytime_min = 1h - (9m + 9m) = 42m
                  rekeytime_max = 1h - (9m + 0m) = 51m

       Thus, the daemon will attempt to rekey the IPsec SA at a random time  between  42  and  51
       minutes after establishing the SA. Or, in other words, between 9 and 18 minutes before the
       SA expires.

       ·      Since the rekeying of an SA needs some time, the margin values must not be too low.

       ·      The value margin... + margin... * rekeyfuzz must not exceed the original limit. For
              example,  specifying margintime = 30m in the default configuration is a bad idea as
              there is a chance that  the  rekey  time  equals  zero  and,  thus,  rekeying  gets




       strongswan.conf(5), ipsec.secrets(5), ipsec(8), pluto(8)


       Originally  written  for the FreeS/WAN project by Henry Spencer.  Updated and extended for
       the strongSwan project <> by Tobias Brunner, Andreas Steffen  and
       Martin Willi.


       If conns are to be added before DNS is available, left=FQDN will fail.